Evaluation of Activity Concentration Values and Doses due to the Transport of Low Level Radioactive Material

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The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) initiated an international Coordinated Research Project (CRP) to evaluate the safety of transport of naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM). This report presents the United States contribution to that IAEA research program. The focus of this report is on the analysis of the potential doses resulting from the transport of low level radioactive material. Specific areas of research included: (1) an examination of the technical approach used in the derivation of exempt activity concentration values and a comparison of the doses associated with the transport of materials included or not included in the provisions of ... continued below

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Rawl, Richard R; Scofield, Patricia A; Leggett, Richard Wayne & Eckerman, Keith F April 1, 2010.

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The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) initiated an international Coordinated Research Project (CRP) to evaluate the safety of transport of naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM). This report presents the United States contribution to that IAEA research program. The focus of this report is on the analysis of the potential doses resulting from the transport of low level radioactive material. Specific areas of research included: (1) an examination of the technical approach used in the derivation of exempt activity concentration values and a comparison of the doses associated with the transport of materials included or not included in the provisions of Paragraph 107(e) of the IAEA Safety Standards, Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material, Safety Requirements No. TS-R-1; (2) determination of the doses resulting from different treatment of progeny for exempt values versus the A{sub 1}/A{sub 2} values; and (3) evaluation of the dose justifications for the provisions applicable to exempt materials and low specific activity materials (LSA-I). It was found that the 'previous or intended use' (PIU) provision in Paragraph 107(e) is not risk informed since doses to the most highly exposed persons (e.g., truck drivers) are comparable regardless of intended use of the transported material. The PIU clause can also have important economic implications for co-mined ores and products that are not intended for the fuel cycle but that have uranium extracted as part of their industrial processing. In examination of the footnotes in Table 2 of TS-R-1, which identifies the progeny included in the exempt or A1/A2 values, there is no explanation of how the progeny were selected. It is recommended that the progeny for both the exemption and A{sub 1}/A{sub 2} values should be similar regardless of application, and that the same physical information should be used in deriving the limits. Based on the evaluation of doses due to the transport of low-level NORM, it was concluded that the transport regulations should be revised so that all natural materials (regardless of PIU provided that the ten times limit of Paragraph 107(e) is met) are subject to the same exemption provisions. This approach requires a supporting revision to the material specification applicable to LSA-I materials in TS-R-1, Paragraph 409(a)(i). This supporting revision would clarify that all uranium and thorium ores and concentrates, and other ores containing NORM, regardless of their PIU, are included in the LSA-I category if they exceed the ten times provision of Paragraph 107(e).

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  • Report No.: ORNL/TM-2010/6
  • Grant Number: DE-AC05-00OR22725
  • DOI: 10.2172/982122 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 982122
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1013449

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • April 1, 2010

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Oct. 14, 2017, 8:36 a.m.

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  • Nov. 2, 2017, 6:24 p.m.

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Rawl, Richard R; Scofield, Patricia A; Leggett, Richard Wayne & Eckerman, Keith F. Evaluation of Activity Concentration Values and Doses due to the Transport of Low Level Radioactive Material, report, April 1, 2010; [Tennessee]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1013449/: accessed November 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.