Proposed Magnet Alignment Changes for AP-1

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AP-1 was built to connect the Antiproton Source with the Main Ring accelerator. The beamline was designed to support modes of operation at both 8 GeV and 120 GeV kinetic energy. During the days of Main Ring operation, 120 GeV beam was extracted through the field region of a Lambertson at F-17 and transported approximately 174 meters to the production target. This 'pbar production' mode required a lattice that would focus the proton beam to a small spot size on the target to maximize antiproton yield. The AP-1 line would also be reconfigured to operate at 8 GeV to support ... continued below

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16 pages

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Morgan, James February 2, 2001.

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Description

AP-1 was built to connect the Antiproton Source with the Main Ring accelerator. The beamline was designed to support modes of operation at both 8 GeV and 120 GeV kinetic energy. During the days of Main Ring operation, 120 GeV beam was extracted through the field region of a Lambertson at F-17 and transported approximately 174 meters to the production target. This 'pbar production' mode required a lattice that would focus the proton beam to a small spot size on the target to maximize antiproton yield. The AP-1 line would also be reconfigured to operate at 8 GeV to support antiproton transfers and tuning cycles with protons. The AP-1 line is also connected to the Accumulator via AP-3, so the lattices of these beamlines needed to be compatible. After the Main Injector was built to replace the Main Ring, a beamline was required to connect it with the Antiproton Source. Designers chose to combine beam transfers of 150 GeV protons to the Tevatron, 120 GeV protons to AP-1, 120 GeV protons to Switchyard and 8 GeV proton tune-up or antiproton transfers via AP-1 into the P1 and P2 lines. The P2 line resides in the Main Ring tunnel enclosure between F-0 and F-17 and utilizes original Main Ring magnets. The lattice was designed to duplicate the Twiss parameters of the old Main Ring at F-17, including the large horizontal beta and dispersion functions. The addition of the P1 and P2 lines add almost an additional 1,000 meters and an extra Lambertson magnet (at F0) to beam transfers to and from the Main Injector versus the Main Ring. Although Lambertson magnets are still used to extract beam from the Main Injector, the Lambertson at F-17 was no longer required. Unfortunately, the limited aperture C-magnets at F-17 remained, necessitated by the P3 line which is intended to provide beam to Switchyard for future 'Meson 120' operation. The C-magnets are one of the limiting horizontal apertures in the AP-1 line due to the combination of small physical aperture and the large horizontal beta and dispersion functions. Most of the AP-1 magnets were originally used in Switchyard. Apertures of these magnets are adequate for high energy operation, but have apertures that are smaller than magnets traditionally used in other 8 GeV transfer lines. This makes the AP-1 line unusually sensitive to alignment and steering errors. In addition, the lattice constraints imposed by the beamlines attached to AP-1 does not allow much freedom in suppressing the lattice functions at key locations to reduce the beam size.

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16 pages

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  • Report No.: FERMILAB-PBAR-NOTE-652
  • Grant Number: AC02-07CH11359
  • DOI: 10.2172/984582 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 984582
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1013256

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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Creation Date

  • February 2, 2001

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Oct. 14, 2017, 8:36 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • Nov. 3, 2017, 9:26 p.m.

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Morgan, James. Proposed Magnet Alignment Changes for AP-1, report, February 2, 2001; Batavia, Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1013256/: accessed September 25, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.