Final Report for LDRD Project 02-FS-009 Gigapixel Surveillance Camera

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The threats of terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction add urgency to the development of new techniques for surveillance and intelligence collection. For example, the United States faces a serious and growing threat from adversaries who locate key facilities underground, hide them within other facilities, or otherwise conceal their location and function. Reconnaissance photographs are one of the most important tools for uncovering the capabilities of adversaries. However, current imaging technology provides only infrequent static images of a large area, or occasional video of a small area. We are attempting to add a new dimension to reconnaissance by ... continued below

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PDF-file: 6 pages; size: 63 Kbytes

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Marrs, R E & Bennett, C L April 20, 2010.

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Description

The threats of terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction add urgency to the development of new techniques for surveillance and intelligence collection. For example, the United States faces a serious and growing threat from adversaries who locate key facilities underground, hide them within other facilities, or otherwise conceal their location and function. Reconnaissance photographs are one of the most important tools for uncovering the capabilities of adversaries. However, current imaging technology provides only infrequent static images of a large area, or occasional video of a small area. We are attempting to add a new dimension to reconnaissance by introducing a capability for large area video surveillance. This capability would enable tracking of all vehicle movements within a very large area. The goal of our project is the development of a gigapixel video surveillance camera for high altitude aircraft or balloon platforms. From very high altitude platforms (20-40 km altitude) it would be possible to track every moving vehicle within an area of roughly 100 km x 100 km, about the size of the San Francisco Bay region, with a gigapixel camera. Reliable tracking of vehicles requires a ground sampling distance (GSD) of 0.5 to 1 m and a framing rate of approximately two frames per second (fps). For a 100 km x 100 km area the corresponding pixel count is 10 gigapixels for a 1-m GSD and 40 gigapixels for a 0.5-m GSD. This is an order of magnitude beyond the 1 gigapixel camera envisioned in our LDRD proposal. We have determined that an instrument of this capacity is feasible.

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PDF-file: 6 pages; size: 63 Kbytes

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  • Report No.: LLNL-TR-428126
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • DOI: 10.2172/992288 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 992288
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1012862

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • April 20, 2010

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Oct. 14, 2017, 8:36 a.m.

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  • Oct. 27, 2017, 5:35 p.m.

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Marrs, R E & Bennett, C L. Final Report for LDRD Project 02-FS-009 Gigapixel Surveillance Camera, report, April 20, 2010; Livermore, California. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1012862/: accessed March 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.