Modeling of coulpled deformation and permeability evolution during fault reactivation induced by deep underground injection of CO2

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The interaction between mechanical deformation and fluid flow in fault zones gives rise to a host of coupled hydromechanical processes fundamental to fault instability, induced seismicity, and associated fluid migration. In this paper, we discuss these coupled processes in general and describe three modeling approaches that have been considered to analyze fluid flow and stress coupling in fault-instability processes. First, fault hydromechanical models were tested to investigate fault behavior using different mechanical modeling approaches, including slip interface and finite-thickness elements with isotropic or anisotropic elasto-plastic constitutive models. The results of this investigation showed that fault hydromechanical behavior can be appropriately ... continued below

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Cappa, F. & Rutqvist, J. June 1, 2010.

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The interaction between mechanical deformation and fluid flow in fault zones gives rise to a host of coupled hydromechanical processes fundamental to fault instability, induced seismicity, and associated fluid migration. In this paper, we discuss these coupled processes in general and describe three modeling approaches that have been considered to analyze fluid flow and stress coupling in fault-instability processes. First, fault hydromechanical models were tested to investigate fault behavior using different mechanical modeling approaches, including slip interface and finite-thickness elements with isotropic or anisotropic elasto-plastic constitutive models. The results of this investigation showed that fault hydromechanical behavior can be appropriately represented with the least complex alternative, using a finite-thickness element and isotropic plasticity. We utilized this pragmatic approach coupled with a strain-permeability model to study hydromechanical effects on fault instability during deep underground injection of CO{sub 2}. We demonstrated how such a modeling approach can be applied to determine the likelihood of fault reactivation and to estimate the associated loss of CO{sub 2} from the injection zone. It is shown that shear-enhanced permeability initiated where the fault intersects the injection zone plays an important role in propagating fault instability and permeability enhancement through the overlying caprock.

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  • Journal Name: International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control; Related Information: Journal Publication Date: 2010

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  • Report No.: LBNL-3855E
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2010.08.005 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 991959
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1012701

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  • June 1, 2010

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  • Oct. 14, 2017, 8:36 a.m.

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  • Oct. 18, 2017, 10:35 a.m.

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Cappa, F. & Rutqvist, J. Modeling of coulpled deformation and permeability evolution during fault reactivation induced by deep underground injection of CO2, article, June 1, 2010; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1012701/: accessed October 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.