Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation Page: 79
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shows campus-level college-ready ELA to have a strong correlation to first-year college student
remedial coursework. An effect size of r = 0.427 suggests campus-level college ready ELA
explains approximately 18% of the variance in first-year college students being enrolled into
remedial education coursework indicating Texas public high school campuses that receive the
college ready ELA distinction from the Texas Education Agency are more likely to see lower
numbers of their graduates enrolling in college-level remedial education. Research literature in
college readiness consistently shows high school students must master basic understanding and
show proficiency in the core subjects such as reading and writing in order to be college-ready
(Adelman, 2006; Byrd & Macdonald, 2005).
Campus-level SAT average. Campus-level SAT average is the average SAT total score
for all high school campus graduates as calculated by dividing the total number of SAT
examinees by the sum of SAT scores. Campus-level SAT average displays a moderate
correlation with first-year college student remedial coursework (r = -0.308). While statistically
significant, multiple regression analysis shows campus-level SAT average to be a statistically
significant predictor of first-year college student remedial coursework (3 = -0.174, t(8) = 2.082,
p = 0.04). A moderate correlation of r = 0.308 suggests campus-level SAT percentage explains
approximately 9% of the variance in first-year college student being enrolled in remedial
education coursework. This finding is consistent with existing research literature. The validity
of national norm referenced tests as indicators of college readiness is well addressed in the
literature. Geiser and Studley (2002) report the SAT is a poor predictor of student college
readiness as compared to other student factors such as mastery of high school curriculum.
Furthermore, Conley (2003) argues national norm referenced tests such as the SAT are not
reliable college readiness indicators because there is no correlation between mastery scores on
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Baker, Emmett Andrew. Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation, dissertation, August 2017; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1011868/m1/87/: accessed April 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .