Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation Page: 67
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Employing the enter method, results indicated the regression model of eight predictor
variables had an r2 = 0.263, thereby explaining 26.3% of the variance (F(8,286)=12.74, p = 0.05)
in first-year college students taking remedial coursework. Of the eight campus-level predictor
variables, analysis showed campus-level non-economically disadvantaged percentage (p = 0.01)
and campus-level SAT score percentage (p = 0.04) to be statistically significant.
Research Question 1
Do high school campus-level variables of incoming freshmen at a Central Texas two-year
college predict a student's enrollment into remedial education?
With Research Question 1, the researcher examined predictive relationships between high
school campus-level variables and college-level remedial school credit hours to determine if the
campus-level variables could be used to predict enrollment into postsecondary remedial
education coursework. The dependent variable for the study represented the percentage of
students from each Texas public high school campus enrolled into at least one student credit hour
of remedial education during their first semester as a freshman at the Central Texas two-year
college during the 2013 fall semester. Independent predictor variables examined for the study
included campus-level: at-risk, economically disadvantaged, limited English proficient,
advanced course/dual credit courses, math college-ready, English college-ready, ACT average,
and SAT average.
The multiple regression model produced an r-square value of 0.263, indicating the model
successfully explained 26.3% of the variance between first-year college students enrolled in
remedial coursework at the Central Texas two-year college and the selected variables from the
high schools from which they graduated. Furthermore, regression analysis indicated statistical
significance of two high school campus-level variables: non-economic disadvantaged
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Baker, Emmett Andrew. Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation, dissertation, August 2017; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1011868/m1/75/: accessed April 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .