Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation Page: 47
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abilities to predict which of their students were more likely to ultimately require remedial
intervention at the postsecondary level. This researcher attempted to identify associations
between first-year college students enrolled in non-credit bearing remedial coursework during
their first semester at the study site Central Texas two-year college, and campus characteristics
from the Texas public high schools from which they graduated. This focus was intended to
increase the understanding of which high school campus factors were most significantly
associated with college remediation. The intent of the research was to help define policy and
aide in decision-making processes that emphasized college readiness needs and programs for
secondary schools to increase the number of students graduating high school sufficiently
prepared and academically ready to be successful at the postsecondary level.
In this study, the researcher investigated the predictive relationships between Texas
public high school campus factors of high school students graduating in spring 2013 who
immediately enrolled in first-year college freshman level remedial coursework at the study site
Central Texas two-year college during the fall of 2013. The goal of this study was to determine
the strength of relationship between Texas high school campus-level factors and student
enrollment into remedial education courses at study site Central Texas two-year college. In this
quantitative study, the researcher utilized a linear multiple regression model to examine the
predictive relationship between multiple high school campus-level predictors and first-year
college student enrollment into remedial coursework.
Multiple regression analysis is "broadly applicable to hypotheses generated by
researchers in behavioral sciences, health sciences, education, and business" (L. Cohen, Cohen,
West, & Aiken, 2003, p. 29). Tabachnick and Fidell (2000) reported, "multiple regression
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Baker, Emmett Andrew. Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation, dissertation, August 2017; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1011868/m1/55/: accessed April 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .