Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation Page: 42
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
(Tate & Gibson, 1980) and consistently accounted for much of the observed variance in
education research (Jeynes, 2002). Lower income students who resided in rural and poorer
communities had the greatest educational disadvantages because they often did not have the
same levels of family support and school resources available to more wealthy families and
communities (Blackboard Institute, 2010). Harwell and LeBeau (2010) noted SES definitions
were very broad and might often have different applications given a specific study, and therefore
researchers should provide a clear rationale for including SES in their study's purpose.
When considering the 5,135,880 children enrolled in Texas schools in 2013, TEA (2014)
reported over 3 million (60.3%) were identified as being economically disadvantaged or low
SES. These students also had the lowest school attendance rates, accounted for 65% of the
students who dropped out of Grades 9-12, and made up the greatest percentage of students who
failed to achieve passing standards on end-of-course exams (TEA, 2017a). Students from low
SES backgrounds often displayed lower educational aspirations, reduced secondary and
postsecondary persistence rates, and decreased college degree obtainment as compared to their
non-economically disadvantaged peers. Concerning parental expectations of their children:
... low SES parents are more likely to view a high school diploma as the norm for their
children than high SES parents, to whom a bachelor's or advanced degree is considered
the norm. Low SES parents are more likely to define success as a secure full-time job
after graduating from high school. College attendance is not an expectation and often
means enrolling in a community college or technical school when it does occur. For high
SES parents, the definition of success for their children is tightly tied to four years of
college attendance. (Walpole, 2003, p. 48)
Furthermore, data compiled by Fernandez et al. (2017) showed economically disadvantaged
students in Texas were less likely to enroll into college immediately following their high school
graduation, and those who did immediately enroll in college were more likely to attend a two-
year community college as compared to a four-year university. Overall, as compared to their
Here’s what’s next.
This dissertation can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Dissertation.
Baker, Emmett Andrew. Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation, dissertation, August 2017; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1011868/m1/50/: accessed April 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .