Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation Page: 36
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likely to achieve college readiness, benchmark standards. Advanced academic course offerings
became more common among secondary schools. Hughes (2010) reported Texas had made it
mandatory for its high schools to offer students the option to earn at least 12 college-level SCH's
through any combination of AP, IB, or DC advanced academic coursework. The two most
common advanced academic courses taken by Texas high school students were found to be AP
Since the late 1950s, AP courses were offered through collaboration between local school
districts and the College Board, and continue to be the most readily available means for
secondary schools to increase academic challenges for their students (Conley, 2005). Students
who successfully completed high school AP courses were found to have had more success on all
measures of academic achievements through both high school and college, and were more likely
to graduate from a four-year university as compared to students who did not participate in high
school AP courses (Scott, Tolson, & Lee, 2010). Advanced coursework was consistently
considered to be the main predictor for both high school completion and college persistence
(Byrd & Macdonald, 2005; Conley, 2005; Royster et al., 2015). The AP program presented
academically motivated students the opportunity to take college level coursework while in high
school, and offered them the ability to obtain college credit through an examination process. The
AP program offered 37 advanced courses in 22 subject areas, and more than 3,600 colleges and
universities around the world awarded admission credit based on AP examination results (Scott,
Tolson, & Lee, 2010).
The exam was designed to assess student knowledge and skill through levels needed for
entry-level college coursework. According to Conley (2005), "the format favors students who
develop mastery of content knowledge and key concepts as well and analytic and writing skills
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Baker, Emmett Andrew. Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation, dissertation, August 2017; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1011868/m1/44/: accessed April 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .