Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation Page: 32
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were now localized to individual institutions of higher education to provide them more flexibility
in determining the college readiness of the specific students they were looking to enroll.
In 2003, the 78th legislative session saw the Texas Legislature intensify the focus on
secondary education. This new era witnessed many, ". . . new programs, assessments,
collaborative leadership efforts, accountability measures, and grant programs aimed at improving
postsecondary readiness" (Mahoney et al., 2009, p. 7). The Texas High School Project of 2003
was a joint venture between the state of Texas, the Texas Education Agency, the Bill & Melinda
Gates Foundation, and the Susan Dell Foundation to invest $130 million directly into redesigning
underperforming high schools and supporting at-risk students (SRI International, 2003).
Additionally, the Texas Legislature initiated a system-wide council to ensure long-range
educational plans and programs aligned with the entire Texas public education system. Known
The plan created strategic actions plans that included definitions of the standards for
college readiness, descriptions of P-16 individual graduation plans, recommended
strategies for decreasing the number of students in developmental education, and
recommended changes to teacher certification and professional development to assist
public schools in preparing students for college. (Mahoney et al., 2009, p. 8)
In 2006, the 79th Legislature brought about widespread changes to Texas public school
college-ready plans (Mahoney et al., 2009). Senate Bill 976 began the Early College Education
Program which directed the state of Texas Commissioner of Education and the Texas Higher
Education Coordinating Board to establish and administer early college high schools and
education programs for at-risk students in danger of dropping out of high school. Additionally,
House Bill 1 (HB1), which brought about statewide tax relief and public school finance
provisions, was equally known for ambitiously addressing Texas public school success and
college readiness. First, HB 1 created vertical teams of educators for the purpose of evaluating
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Baker, Emmett Andrew. Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation, dissertation, August 2017; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1011868/m1/40/: accessed April 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .