Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation Page: 30
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Postsecondary Developmental Education in Texas
Improving the academic preparation and performance of students enrolling into higher
education institutions were found to be a significant challenge facing Texas and other states
throughout the nation. Developmental education in Texas was found to be primarily composed
of incremental interventions, frameworks, and courses intended to scaffold underprepared
students with remedial needs to the competency levels expected of college freshmen (Booth et
al., 2014). THECB (2015) reported approximately 41% of Texas' first year college freshmen
were enrolled into some level of collegiate remediation. A review of the literature showed Texas
had continually shown a focused commitment to creating education policy designed to improve
remedial education practice, implementation, and support (Saxon & Slate, 2013).
According to Saxon and Slate (2013), "as is true for much of higher education, most
developmental education policy and practice is formulated at the state level" (p. 35), and Texas
had an established history of being honored as an exemplar for remedial best practice (Boylan &
Saxon, 2006; Mahoney et al., 2009). As referenced by Boylan and Saxon (2006), the state of
Texas was recognized for remedial program excellence in the first national study of
developmental education published in 1974 and again in a follow up national study conducted in
1985. The Texas legislature began mandating the creation of compensatory education practices
and programs intended to increase the academic skills of underprepared high school students in
the early 1970s. With the implementation of these new educational practices and programs,
Texas high schools set out to increase student academic skill competencies that would be
expected of them as they enter college. Saxon and Slate (2013) noted "that from this era came a
strengthening of assessment practices and the recognition that smaller class sizes, adequate
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Baker, Emmett Andrew. Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation, dissertation, August 2017; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1011868/m1/38/: accessed April 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .