Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation Page: 29
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to do so. Bailey et al. (2009) found more than 50% of students referred into remedial education
programs failed to complete the developmental course sequences because they never enrolled
into the recommended courses.
Bettinger and Long (2004) reported academically underprepared students enrolled into
college-level remedial courses had a greater chance of negative outcomes with later courses than
those students not initially enrolled in remedial programs. Subsequently, college-level remedial
education was directly associated with both longer time to degree completion and the decreased
likelihood of eventual degree completion (Bettinger & Long, 2004; National Center for
Education Statistics, 2004; National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2010).
Concerning the state of Texas, Complete College America (2012) showed of the 53,852 fall 2006
freshman students enrolled in Texas two-year college remedial education courses, 30% actually
completed that developmental coursework, and only 14.3% of those students who completed
their recommended remedial courses continued on to complete their additional associated
coursework within two years.
Using a discontinuity methodology, Martorell and McFain (2010) analyzed data from
Texas colleges and universities and determined there was little evidence to support the idea that
enrollment into remedial coursework at the college level helped in increasing student graduation
rates. A similar study by Calcagno and Long (2008) analyzed college data from the state of
Florida and found students referred to and enrolled into college level remedial courses appeared
to persist into their second year of college, but were not more likely to obtain their degree. These
two studies suggested while college level remediation might promote persistence early in the
college career, developmental programs were not found to help students earn a two-year
certificate or four-year degree.
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Baker, Emmett Andrew. Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation, dissertation, August 2017; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1011868/m1/37/: accessed April 25, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .