Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation Page: 22
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When attempting to determine student academic skills and knowledge associated with
definitions of college readiness, as compared to state-level assessments, states were more likely
to use student data taken from major national college admission tests such as the American
College Test (ACT) and the Scholastic Aptitude Test ( SAT). Student scores on these aptitude
examinations were frequently related to the concept that achievement on these exams could be
defined and meaningfully measured (Atkinson, 2001). The ACT and SAT examinations were
designed to measure secondary students' college readiness as they prepare for postsecondary
admission and enrollment. Texas Education Agency (2015) reported most U.S. colleges and
universities took into consideration some combination of student high school academic
achievement and college admission test scores such as the ACT and SAT when making decisions
about college admission and course placement.
College Readiness in Texas
A review of literature found Texas offered a notable example of a strategy for setting
college readiness standards (Lloyd, 2009). As part of the Texas College and Career Readiness
Initiative, in May 2006, the 79th Texas Legislature (Third Called Session) set out to improve the
college and career readiness of Texas high school students. Through House Bill 1 (HB1), the
Texas Education Agency (TEA) and the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB)
were assigned the task to develop a single comprehensive system that would create a system
capable of tracking K-12 students' progress from one grade level of education to another.
Known as the College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS), the system identified specific
grade-level college readiness standards in the areas of English/language arts, mathematics,
science, and social studies (THECB, 2016c).
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Baker, Emmett Andrew. Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation, dissertation, August 2017; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1011868/m1/30/: accessed April 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .