Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation Page: 20
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Definitions of College Readiness
National education trends pushed beyond the high school dropout crisis of the early
1990s and now focused on increasing the number of high school graduates deemed ready to
enroll and succeed in postsecondary entry-level coursework (Royster et al., 2015). While the
literature reflected consensus concerning the importance of college readiness, there was not a
universally agreed upon definition (Bailey, 2011; Conley, 2007; Olson, 2006; Porter & Polikoff,
2012). When college readiness was defined in educational research, the definitions often varied
on multiple dimensions and were often characterized within a broad range of accepted
descriptions and definitions (Porter & Polikoff, 2012). Conley (2008) provided a broad
description of college readiness:
The likelihood that students will make a successful transition to the college environment
is often a function of their readiness-the degree to which previous educational and
personal experiences have equipped them for the expectations and demand they will
encounter in college . . [therefore] college readiness can be defined as the level of
preparation a student needs in order to enroll and succeed-without remediation-in a
credit-bearing general education course at a postsecondary institution. (p. 24)
Mijares (2007) expanded this broad perspective, stating "students are college ready when they
have the knowledge, skills, and behaviors to complete a college course of study successfully,
without remediation" (p. 1). Other definitions emphasized specific predictors of readiness.
Green and Forster (2003) wrote to be college-ready, students must have completed high school;
taken a sequential level of core classes in English, math, science, social studies, and foreign
language; and achieved cut score minimums in basic levels of achievement. Maruyama (2012)
provided the following summary: "College readiness represents an accumulation of knowledge
and experiences that prepare students for college. It is defined using measures available during
high school that can act as proxies for how students perform in college courses" (p. 253).
Conley (2012) upheld examples of these high school measures included collegiate-level content
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Baker, Emmett Andrew. Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation, dissertation, August 2017; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1011868/m1/28/: accessed April 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .