Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation Page: 19
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college readiness, postsecondary developmental programs and remedial coursework, and
commonly accepted indicators of student college success.
Too many students graduating from high school are academically underprepared for the
rigor and expectations of college entry-level coursework. This lack of college readiness among
high school graduates was alarming when considering the growing number of jobs and careers
that require postsecondary certification or degree. Royster et al. (2015) cited only 38% of
American jobs in 2018 will require a minimum high school education as compared to 72% from
1973. College readiness was listed as one of seven national priorities for the United States in
2000 (Byrd & Macdonald, 2005). Research literature in college readiness consistently found
high school students must master basic understanding and show proficiency in the core subjects
of math, reading, and writing in order to be college-ready (Adelman, 2006; Byrd & Macdonald,
2005). Students must possess both cognitive and non-cognitive skills that aid in facilitating the
learning process across academic disciplines. Cognitive skills, including "critical thinking,
problem solving, collaboration, effective communication, motivation, and persistence," were
found to be vital for college readiness (National Research Council, 2012, p. 17). Additionally,
non-cognitive skills like student attitude and beliefs were needed for positive engagement,
motivation, and self-efficacy (Robbins et al., 2004). Furthermore, Conley (2012) upheld that
student college-ready behaviors such as help-seeking, self-motivation, goal setting, time
management, self-efficacy, study skills, and task completion were qualities found to be
instrumental for college success. As a result, many states, educators, and researchers attempted
to identify the components encompassing the knowledge and skills students should have
acquired in high school in order to obtain a postsecondary certification or degree successfully.
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Baker, Emmett Andrew. Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation, dissertation, August 2017; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1011868/m1/27/: accessed April 25, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .