Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation Page: 18
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REVIEW OF LITERATURE
Each year in the United States, millions of students graduated high school and enrolled in
community colleges or universities with the goal of obtaining a college education. However,
many of these students began their college careers by discovering that they needed to complete
remedial courses in math, reading, or writing before they would be allowed to continue to their
academic program of choice. The demand for college-level remedial courses increased rapidly
in recent years, especially at community colleges which opened their doors to all students
regardless of their foundational skills or academic preparedness (Dougherty, 2003). In a 2006
National Education Longitudinal Study, Bailey and Alfonso (2007) found more than 60% of
first-time community college students and 29% of first-time college students enrolled in four-
year institutions took at least one remedial course. Hagedorn et al. (1999) reported these
students varied, from students who graduated high school with poor grades in all subjects to
students who might be academically deficient in just a single subject, to older students who
performed satisfactorily during high school but had forgotten basic foundational concepts, to still
others who developed poor study habits or had mild to serious learning problems. Given the
many challenges college students encounter with remedial coursework, it could be argued that a
student's success in college may often be associated with their enrollment, or non-enrollment
into college-level remedial coursework. In an attempt to supplement the current knowledge and
literature related to understanding which indicators had the most success in predicting college
success, identifying which high school level indicators were most predictive of a student's
enrollment into collegiate-level remediation coursework was the focus of this study. In this
chapter, the researcher focused on the existing literature concerning common definitions of
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Baker, Emmett Andrew. Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation, dissertation, August 2017; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1011868/m1/26/: accessed April 26, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .