Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation Page: 17
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Although developmental education was not a new concept for higher education, current
two-year and four-year colleges and universities in the United States became increasingly
responsible for providing instruction to the growing amount of students who were enrolling into
postsecondary institutions underprepared to be successful at the college level. With nearly one-
third of first year students requiring remedial education in the core courses of reading,
mathematics, or writing (Long, 2014), collegiate level remediation became an increasingly top
priority in the world of higher education. Proponents often argued collegiate remediation
provided the opportunity for underprepared students to gain the competencies necessary for
college-level work, while critics suggested these types of developmental education courses
removed student incentive to prepare for postsecondary study adequately (Bettinger & Long,
2004). Regardless of the stance, colleges and universities continued to enroll new students in
record numbers. As such, institutions continued to see an increased need for college level
developmental education programs. Educators were responsible for providing the absolute best
educational experience for students, and were therefore obligated to identify and address the
sources of their academic deficiencies in efforts to promote true college readiness. Chapter 2
was a thorough review of literature intended to provide background and foundational context
related to college readiness, and college level educational developmental programs and remedial
courses. It is divided into three sections: college readiness, postsecondary developmental
education, and predictors of postsecondary success.
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Baker, Emmett Andrew. Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation, dissertation, August 2017; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1011868/m1/25/: accessed April 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .