Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation Page: 13
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predict college student motivation to succeed and continue through college. Friedman and
Mandel (2010) found student academic performance expectancies were valid predictors of
cumulative GPA at the end of their first year of college, and desired grade outcomes and efforts
to obtain higher grades predicted student retention beyond the first year.
Vroom's (1964) expectancy theory applied to the current study from the perspective that
high school students would pursue postsecondary studies only if they believed they would be
successful at either specific postsecondary institutions or specific areas of studies. Students who
felt they were underprepared would be less likely to attend college, and therefore students who
felt they were college-ready would be more likely to be motivated to reach graduation. The goal
of an eventual college degree was the motivational factor underlying a student's ultimate success
at the collegiate level. Within the context of the current study, Vroom's (1964) expectancy
theory related to the concepts of academic rigor and optimal student challenge. Specifically,
students who had experienced higher levels of academic rigor in high school were less likely to
require postsecondary entry-level remedial coursework and therefore more likely to attain a
To accomplish the purpose of this study, the researcher included the analysis of academic
data and personal characteristics of students who graduated from Texas high schools in the
spring semester of 2013 and subsequently enrolled in the study site Central Texas two-year
college the following 2013 fall semester. The research questions were:
1. Do high school campus-level variables of incoming freshmen at a Central Texas two-
year college predict a student's enrollment into remedial education?
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Baker, Emmett Andrew. Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation, dissertation, August 2017; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1011868/m1/21/: accessed April 25, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .