Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation Page: 12
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each Texas public high school campus enrolled into at least one student credit hour (SCH) of
remedial education during their first semester of college. Multiple independent variables
representing high school campus-level characteristics chosen for the study included percentages
of high school campus students who had been identified as at-risk, economically disadvantaged,
limited English proficient, math college-ready, English college-ready, and campus-level ACT
and SAT percentage. This researcher attempted to determine the strength of relationship
between first-year college students' enrollment into an academic remedial course and variables
from the students' high school campus. The rationale for this focus was two-fold: (a) to increase
secondary educators' understanding of high school campus characteristics that are most likely to
yield the eventual need of college remediation, and (b) to increase the number of students
graduating high school sufficiently prepared and academically ready to be successful at the
postsecondary level, thereby reducing the need for students to be enrolled into remedial, non-
credit-bearing college courses.
In addition to identifying predictors of college remediation, the present study sought to
connect current practice with theoretical understanding. Specifically, it connected a theoretical
lens used most often in the field of business to a college readiness context. Through study of
motivation and decision-making in the field of business, Vroom (1964) proposed that an
individual would choose to behave in a specific way because they were motivated to choose that
behavior over other choices; based on the outcome they expected the chosen behavior would
achieve. Within Vroom's theory, past successes and failures helped influence the current
perceptions and choices that would influence a person's motivation (Demetriou & Schmitz-
Sciborski, 2011). In 2010, Friedman and Mandel used Vroom's (1964) expectancy theory to
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Baker, Emmett Andrew. Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation, dissertation, August 2017; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1011868/m1/20/: accessed April 25, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .