Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation Page: 11
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America, 2012; Long, 2014; National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2010),
semester one GPA (Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005), and enrollment in college-level
developmental programs (Bailey & Alfonso, 2007; Dougherty, 2003; Long, 2014), few studies
examined high school campus-level predictors of college success. Specifically, research had not
considered predictors from existing high school campus-level data sets that informed
understanding college-readiness. Collegiate-level remediation had become commonplace in
higher education and assumed the unique role of bridging the gap of knowledge between
secondary and postsecondary environments. Therefore, researchers must examine that pathway
directly by examining predictors of college developmental enrollment within those specific
programs. In light of the significant costs of remedial education to states, students, and higher
education systems (Boatman & Long, 2013; Breneman & Haarlow, 1998; Charles A. Dana
Center at the University of Texas at Austin, 2007; Pretlow & Wathington, 2011), empirical
evidence was needed to identify campus-level predictors of this developmental enrollment,
thereby to inform practice and procedure at both the secondary and postsecondary levels.
Purpose of Study
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictive validity of high school campus-
level variables in order to identify possible areas of attention that might aid secondary schools'
abilities to predict which students were more likely to require remedial intervention at the
postsecondary level. This researcher analyzed high school campus characteristics of first-year
college students enrolled in non-credit bearing remedial coursework during their first semester at
a postsecondary institution in Texas for the purpose of determining which campus-level variables
had the strongest relationship for predicting the students' enrollment into college-level remedial
coursework. The dependent variable for the study represented the percentage of students from
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Baker, Emmett Andrew. Predictors of Postsecondary Success: An Analysis of First Year College Remediation, dissertation, August 2017; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1011868/m1/19/: accessed April 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .