U.S. Reactor Containment Technology: a Compilation of Current Practice in Analysis, Design, Construction, Test, and Operation, Volume 1 Page: 1-29
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Table 1.7. Summary of Nuclear Safety Costs in Large Plants
Cost Component Unit(kw) Comments on Possible Reductions in Cost
Emergency supply systems 4-10 Reductions in cost will occur primarily as the result of
larger plant sizes and of experience with the operation
of existing plants, which may indicate that various
emergency systems can be eliminated
Standard pressure vessel 7-30 Reductions in cost may be achieved by reducing the volume
of the primary coolant system, but this means higher pump-
ing costs or a larger temperature difference across the
Pressure suppression 3-10 Appears to be an excellent means for reducing containment
costs for certain types and sizes of reactors
Pressure relief 2-6 A more remote site might be required because of momentary
venting of fission gases to atmosphere; an overall saving
could probably be achieved, however
Low pressure 20-40 Not a good approach to economic containment
Underground -60 Construction of plants underground appears to be too costly
to warrant this type of containment
Conventional structure 0 This containment means is analogous to the pressure-relief
method of containment and would be subject to the same
Exclusion area 1-2 Cost is sufficiently low and close to costs for conventional
plants that cost reductions are relatively unimportant
Transmission 3-6b Added transmission investment costs amount to $60,000 per
mile; corresponds to only 0.02 to 0.04 mill/kwhr for a 300-
to 500-Mw(e) plant located an extra 30 miles from popula-
aThe ranges indicated are not additive, since the lower containment
costs tend to be associated with the higher costs of other factors.
bCost per 30 miles.
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Cottrell, William B. U.S. Reactor Containment Technology: a Compilation of Current Practice in Analysis, Design, Construction, Test, and Operation, Volume 1, report, August 1965; Oak Ridge, Tennessee. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc101033/m1/57/: accessed March 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.