Clean Water Act and Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) of Pollutants Metadata

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  • Main Title Clean Water Act and Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) of Pollutants


  • Author: Copeland, Claudia
    Creator Type: Personal
    Creator Info: Resources, Science, and Industry Division


  • Name: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
    Place of Publication: Washington D.C.


  • Creation: 2005-01-04


  • English


  • Content Description: Section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act requires states to identify waters that are impaired by pollution, even after application of pollution controls. For those waters, states must establish a total maximum daily load (TMDL) of pollutants to ensure that water quality standards can be attained. Implementation of this provision has been dormant until recently, when states and EPA were prodded by numerous lawsuits. The TMDL issue has become controversial, in part because of requirements and costs now facing states to implement a 25-year-old provision of the law. Congressional activity to reauthorize the Act, a possibility in the 2nd Session of the 105th Congress, could include TMDL issues, but the direction for any such action is unclear at this time.
  • Physical Description: 6 pages.


  • Legislative Indexing Vocabulary: Criminal justice
  • Legislative Indexing Vocabulary: Water quality
  • Legislative Indexing Vocabulary: Environmental law enforcement
  • Legislative Indexing Vocabulary: Water resources
  • Legislative Indexing Vocabulary: Water pollution
  • Legislative Indexing Vocabulary: Environmental protection


  • Name: Congressional Research Service Reports
    Code: CRSR


  • Name: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
    Code: UNTGD

Resource Type

  • Report


  • Text


  • CRS Report Number: 97-831 ENR
  • Accession or Local Control No: 97-831 ENR 2005-01-04
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metacrs10107