Reasons for attrition from a smoking cessation program.

Reasons for attrition from a smoking cessation program.

Date: August 2004
Creator: Taber, Iris
Description: The present study examined various psychosocial variables that may influence success in a stop smoking program (QuitSmart) used by the North Texas Veterans Health Care Service (NTVHCS). The QuitSmart program utilizes the Stages of Change Model, with its focus on the last three stages (preparation, action, and maintenance). It was proposed that factors including shame-proneness, guilt, anger/hostility, depression, self-efficacy - both global and smoking situational, neuroticism, and level of nicotine dependence might individually or in combination predict attrition from the NTVHCS smoking cessation program. Results indicate that shame-proneness, guilt, anger/hostility, and depression did not individually predict attrition. Persons with high levels of smoking situational self-efficacy tend to utilize self-change strategies leading to greater success in smoking cessation. Participants with a psychological diagnosis, when combined with neuroticism and shame-proneness, appear to have more difficulty with cessation than those with only a medical diagnosis. Clinical implications and suggestions for change to the NTVHCS smoking cessation program are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
The relationship between racial discrimination induced anger and smoking among Black adolescents.

The relationship between racial discrimination induced anger and smoking among Black adolescents.

Date: August 2009
Creator: Miller, Aletha Rena
Description: This study explored whether a relationship exists between smoking behaviors and racial discrimination induced anger among Black adolescents. Participants consisted of 134 Black adolescents from 14 to 18 years of age who frequently visited a recreation center in the Northeast. Forty-four participants were males and 90 were females. All participants were administered a modified version of the CAGE questionnaire, a background information questionnaire, and a measure designed to assess the extent to which they feel angry because they had been discriminated against. Only age was found to be predictive of scores on the CAGE. Only gender was found to be predictive of smoking frequency. The Black Anger Measure (BAM) was significantly correlated with smoking behaviors. Some implications for theory, research and practice are suggested.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
The North Texan, Volume 55, Number 1, Spring 2005

The North Texan, Volume 55, Number 1, Spring 2005

Date: Spring 2005
Creator: University of North Texas
Description: The North Texan magazine includes articles and notes about UNT students, faculty, and alumni activities.
Contributing Partner: University Relations, Communications & Marketing department for UNT
[Smoking boy]

[Smoking boy]

Date: unknown
Creator: Clark, Joe
Description: Photograph of a young boy lighting a cigarette. In the image, the unidentified boy, wearing overalls, is lighting his cigarette next to a stream separated by barbed wire.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections
Smoking, Secondhand Smoke, And Quitting: A Cessation Program

Smoking, Secondhand Smoke, And Quitting: A Cessation Program

Date: April 3, 2008
Creator: Settegast, Brandi & Eve, Susan Brown
Description: This paper discusses a research study that uses an education program designed to teach young women about the health effects of smoking, secondhand smoke, and the benefits of quitting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College
Smoking, Secondhand Smoke, And Quitting: A Cessation Program

Smoking, Secondhand Smoke, And Quitting: A Cessation Program

Date: April 3, 2008
Creator: Settegast, Brandi & Eve, Susan Brown
Description: Presentation for the 2008 University Scholars Day at the University of North Texas discussing smoking, secondhand smoke, and quitting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College
Bundle of Joy: Pregnancy, Coping and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescent Girls

Bundle of Joy: Pregnancy, Coping and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescent Girls

Date: August 2014
Creator: Kaiser, Karen Claiborne
Description: Using the stress process model, the relationship between pregnancy and depressive symptoms among adolescent girls was investigated. This model posits that stress resulting from social location and related disruptive life events may indirectly affect health by eroding coping, mastery, or social support mechanisms. The effect of low income, minority status and pregnancy on coping processes in adolescent girls was hypothesized and tested. Communication with parents, involvement in activities, and success in school were examined as positive coping strategies. Smoking tobacco, heavy alcohol use, and drug use were examined as negative coping. Data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health were analyzed. After combining the available cases from the 2006, 2007, and 2008 datasets, selecting girls aged from 12 to 17 years, and removing missing cases; the sample consisted of a total of 22,854 adolescents. A series of binary logistic regression models were estimated. Findings included that coping strategies partially mediate the relationship between pregnancy and depressive symptoms. In particular, success in school, smoking tobacco, and drug abuse played a mediating role. When coping was accounted for, the relationship between pregnancy and depressive symptoms was reduced and became only marginally significant. Implications of the study include a focus on ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries