Date: March 2011
Creator: Jimenez, Tamara; Mikler, Armin R. & Tiwari, Chetan
Description: This article discusses a novel space partitioning algorithm to improve current practices in facility placement. In the presence of naturally occurring and man-made public health threats, the feasibility of regional bio-emergency contingency plans plays a crucial role in the mitigation of such emergencies. While the analysis of in-place response scenarios provides a measure of quality for a given plan, it involves human judgement to identify improvements in plans that are otherwise likely to fail. Since resource constraints and government mandates limit the availability of service provided in case of an emergency, computational techniques can determine optimal locations for providing emergency response assuming that the uniform distribution of demand across homogeneous resources will yield and optimal service outcome. This paper presents an algorithm that recursively partitions the geographic space into sub-regions while equally distributing the population across the partitions. For this method, the authors have proven the existence of an upper bound on the deviation from the optimal population size for sub-regions.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Engineering