Infectious Diseases: Gaps Remain in Surveillance Capabilities of State and Local Agencies

Infectious Diseases: Gaps Remain in Surveillance Capabilities of State and Local Agencies

Date: September 24, 2003
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Description: Testimony issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Recent challenges, such as the SARS outbreak and the anthrax incidents in the fall of 2001, have raised concerns about the nation's preparedness for a large-scale infectious disease outbreak or bioterrorism event. In order to be adequately prepared for such a major public health threat, state and local public health agencies need to have several basic capabilities, including disease surveillance systems, laboratory facilities, communication systems and a sufficient workforce. GAO was asked to examine the capacity of state and local public health agencies and hospitals to detect and report illnesses or conditions that may result from a large-scale infectious disease outbreak or bioterrorism event. This testimony is based largely on recent work, including a report on state and local preparedness for a bioterrorist attack; preliminary findings from current work on updates of bioterrorism preparedness at the state and local levels; and findings from a survey GAO conducted on hospital emergency department capacity and emergency preparedness."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bayesian Probabilistic Reasoning Applied to Mathematical Epidemiology for Predictive Spatiotemporal Analysis of Infectious Diseases

Bayesian Probabilistic Reasoning Applied to Mathematical Epidemiology for Predictive Spatiotemporal Analysis of Infectious Diseases

Date: May 2006
Creator: Abbas, Kaja Moinudeen
Description: Abstract Probabilistic reasoning under uncertainty suits well to analysis of disease dynamics. The stochastic nature of disease progression is modeled by applying the principles of Bayesian learning. Bayesian learning predicts the disease progression, including prevalence and incidence, for a geographic region and demographic composition. Public health resources, prioritized by the order of risk levels of the population, will efficiently minimize the disease spread and curtail the epidemic at the earliest. A Bayesian network representing the outbreak of influenza and pneumonia in a geographic region is ported to a newer region with different demographic composition. Upon analysis for the newer region, the corresponding prevalence of influenza and pneumonia among the different demographic subgroups is inferred for the newer region. Bayesian reasoning coupled with disease timeline is used to reverse engineer an influenza outbreak for a given geographic and demographic setting. The temporal flow of the epidemic among the different sections of the population is analyzed to identify the corresponding risk levels. In comparison to spread vaccination, prioritizing the limited vaccination resources to the higher risk groups results in relatively lower influenza prevalence. HIV incidence in Texas from 1989-2002 is analyzed using demographic based epidemic curves. Dynamic Bayesian networks are integrated with ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
A Network Control Theory Approach to Modeling and Optimal Control of Zoonoses: Case Study of Brucellosis Transmission in Sub-Saharan Africa

A Network Control Theory Approach to Modeling and Optimal Control of Zoonoses: Case Study of Brucellosis Transmission in Sub-Saharan Africa

Date: October 2011
Creator: Roy, Sandip; McElwain, Terry F. & Wan, Yan
Description: Article on a network control theory approach to modeling and optimal control of zoonoses and a case study of brucellosis transmission in sub-Saharan Africa.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Engineering
Mosquito remedies and preventives.

Mosquito remedies and preventives.

Date: June 1932
Creator: Howard, L. O. (Leland Ossian), 1857-1950. & Bishopp, F. C. (Fred Corry), 1884-1970.
Description: Describes measures, substances, and materials, both offensive and defensive, that have been found most effective against mosquitoes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clearing the Waters: A focus on water quality solutions

Clearing the Waters: A focus on water quality solutions

Date: March 2010
Creator: Palanaippan, Meena; Gleick, Peter H.; Allen, Lucy; Cohen, Michael J.; Christian-Smith, Juliet; Smith, Courtney et al.
Description: This report discusses global water issues and offers a variety of proposals for countering the degradation of freshwater ecosystems for the benefit of public health and the environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Megadrought and Megadeath in 16th Century Mexico

Megadrought and Megadeath in 16th Century Mexico

Date: 2002
Creator: Acuna-Soto, Rodolfo; Stahle, David W.; Cleaveland, Malcolm K. & Therrell, Matthew D.
Description: The native population collapse in 16th century Mexico was a demographic catastrophe with one of the highest death rates in history. Recently developed tree-ring evidence has allowed the levels of precipitation to be reconstructed for north central Mexico, adding to the growing body of epidemiologic evidence and indicating that the 1545 and 1576 epidemics of cocoliztli (Nahuatl for "pest") were indigenous hemorrhagic fevers transmitted by rodent hosts and aggravated by extreme drought conditions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Towards Sustainable Global Health

Towards Sustainable Global Health

Date: 2008
Creator: Exner, Martin; Klein, G√ľnter; Rechkemmer, Andreas & Schmidt, Falk
Description: Global health has in recent years drawn increasing scientific, political and popular attention not only due to global epidemics themselves,but also because of the social activities and environmental conditions that shape health threats and influence those who are affected. The study dealswith the issue of 'Sustainable Global Health'which has evolved from the realization that there will be no alleviation of poverty without success in control of serious public health threats, no economic prosperity and sustainability without a healthy workforce, and no social stability and peace as long as people have to suffer from insufficient health services, from malnutrition, from HIV/AIDS pandemics, or from lack of safe water. The study addresses a broad range of issues related to human health at regional and global levels. It includes the theme of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) as a tool for the private sector to exercise responsibility and interest in using the workplaces as a route and as means for education, and for a wide participation of every citizen in securing his or her individual health and well-being. Highlighted throughout the study are integrated approaches towards sustainable health.These approaches shed light on both the importance of multilevel health governance and the ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Diseases of sheep and goats.

Diseases of sheep and goats.

Date: September 1943
Creator: Shahan, Maurice S. (Maurice Sommer), 1898- & Huffman, Ward T.
Description: Describes the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for infectious and noninfectious diseases of sheep and goats.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Diseases of poultry.

Diseases of poultry.

Date: July 1923
Creator: Gallagher, Bernard A. (Bernard Alfred), b. 1880.
Description: Describes symptoms, treatments, and prevention methods for numerous diseases and parasites afflicting poultry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brucellosis of Cattle (Bang's Disease, Infectious Abortion)

Brucellosis of Cattle (Bang's Disease, Infectious Abortion)

Date: 1941
Creator: Eichhorn, A. & Crawford, A. B.
Description: This bulletin discusses the infectious disease common in cattle called brucellosis (also known as Bang's disease), which causes abortion. The causes, symptoms, and diagnosis of the disease are discussed as well as various treatments, prevention and control measures, and attempts at eradication.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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