Date: April 19, 2012
Creator: Gomez, Brooke; Chng, Chwee-Lye & Vosvick, Mark A.
Description: This presentation discusses research on the roles of stress and behavioral disengagement in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive individuals. Living with HIV comes with a host of complex stressors, one of which is stigma (Fisher & Fisher, 2000; Leary, 1998). Using the Lazarus and Folkman model of Stress and Coping (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984) as a conceptual framework, the authors hypothesize that when presented with stressors (Perceived Stress Scale, Cohen et al., 1983; α=.85), maladaptive coping mechanisms (Brief Cope Scale, Carver, 1997) are positively associated with stigma (HIV Stigma Scale, Berger, Ferrens & Lashley, 2001; α=.92). Our diverse, gender-balanced convenience subsample of 117 participants (56.8% African American, .8% European American, 30.8% Latino) reported a mean age of 41.8 years (SD=8.5). A hierarchical regression analysis revealed the authors' model to be significant (F(102, 117), p<.01), accounting for 24.3% of the variance in negative self-image stigma. Stress (β=.28, t=2.95, p<.01) and behavioral disengagement (β=.19, t=2.02, p<.05) were significantly associated with perceived stigma, but self-distraction was not.
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College