The Citadel

The Citadel

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: -1350~/-1200~
Creator: unknown
Description: The view shows the northern edge of the citadel and the surrounding landscape.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design
The Citadel

The Citadel

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: -1350~/-1200~
Creator: unknown
Description: The citadel is seen from afar and in its mountainous surroundings.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design
The Citadel

The Citadel

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: -1350~/-1200~
Creator: unknown
Description: The citadel is seen closely in its setting.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design
Fortification Around Taj Mahal Complex

Fortification Around Taj Mahal Complex

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: 1631/1648
Creator: Lahori, Ustad Ahmad
Description: The fortification includes a watch tower and arcade.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design
Fortification Renaissance: the Roman Origins of the Trace Italienne

Fortification Renaissance: the Roman Origins of the Trace Italienne

Date: May 2013
Creator: Vigus, Robert T.
Description: The Military Revolution thesis posited by Michael Roberts and expanded upon by Geoffrey Parker places the trace italienne style of fortification of the early modern period as something that is a novel creation, borne out of the minds of Renaissance geniuses. Research shows, however, that the key component of the trace italienne, the angled bastion, has its roots in Greek and Roman writing, and in extant constructions by Roman and Byzantine engineers. The angled bastion of the trace italienne was yet another aspect of the resurgent Greek and Roman culture characteristic of the Renaissance along with the traditions of medicine, mathematics, and science. The writings of the ancients were bolstered by physical examples located in important trading and pilgrimage routes. Furthermore, the geometric layout of the trace italienne stems from Ottoman fortifications that preceded it by at least two hundred years. The Renaissance geniuses combined ancient bastion designs with eastern geometry to match a burgeoning threat in the rising power of the siege cannon.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
The Lion Gate of the Citadel

The Lion Gate of the Citadel

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: -1350~/-1200~
Creator: unknown
Description: The lion gate is shown with some portion of the fortifying wall.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design
The Citadel

The Citadel

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: -1350~/-1200~
Creator: unknown
Description: A close view inside the citadel ruins is shown. Grave Circle A is shown in its excavated condition.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design
The Citadel

The Citadel

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: -1350~/-1200~
Creator: unknown
Description: A close view inside the citadel ruins is shown. A circular structure's base is shown.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design
The Citadel

The Citadel

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: -1350~/-1200~
Creator: unknown
Description: A close view inside the citadel ruins is shown. Excavated grave circle A is shown.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design
The Citadel

The Citadel

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: -1350~/-1200~
Creator: unknown
Description: A close view inside the citadel ruins is shown. A circular structure's base is shown.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design
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