Village Characteristics and Health of Rural Chinese Older Adults: Examining the CHARLS Pilot Study of a Rich and Poor Province

Village Characteristics and Health of Rural Chinese Older Adults: Examining the CHARLS Pilot Study of a Rich and Poor Province

Date: December 2013
Creator: Yeatts, Dale E., 1952-; Pei, Xiaomei; Cready, Cynthia M.; Shen, Yuying; Luo, Hao & Tan, Junxin
Description: Article on the village characteristics and health of rural Chinese older adults and an examination of the CHARLS pilot study of a rich and poor province.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service
Expectations and Attitudes of a Group of Older Persons towards Institutional Living

Expectations and Attitudes of a Group of Older Persons towards Institutional Living

Date: August 1964
Creator: Murdock, John A.
Description: The study reported in this thesis attempted to determine some of the effects of institutional living on a group of elderly people. The study endeavored to discover whether any changes took place between the expectations of the persons planning to enter a home for the aged and the opinions of the same persons after they had lived in the home.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
A Descriptive Study of Selected Characteristics of Aged First Admissions to a Private Psychiatric Hospital 1959-1963

A Descriptive Study of Selected Characteristics of Aged First Admissions to a Private Psychiatric Hospital 1959-1963

Date: January 1968
Creator: Smith, Joseph Clair
Description: The purpose of this thesis is to provide a descriptive study of psychiatric and social variables related to aged first admissions to a private psychiatric hospital in the calendar years 1959 through 1963. The study also seeks to determine what, if any, relationship exists between background characteristics of the patients and their diagnoses. Finally, the diagnosis of the patient is compared with a series of patient outcome variables to determine the relationship, if any, between diagnosis and selected recovery variables. Due to the nature of the data used, the emphasis of the thesis is upon describing relationships rather than testing hypotheses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Commission on Long-Term Care

Commission on Long-Term Care

Date: 2013
Creator: United States. Commission on Long-Term Care
Description: This is the website for the federal Commission on Long-Term Care. Established as part of the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 and signed into law January 2, 2013, the commission's goal was to advise Congress on how comprehensive, high-quality long-term care can be better provided and financed for the nation's older adults and people with disabilities. The Commission is composed of 15 members of the Senate and House of Representatives and released its final report on September 18, 2013. The website includes the final report, all relevant press releases, and transcripts and other materials related to its public hearings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Digital Projects Unit
A treasure hunt.

A treasure hunt.

Date: March 1980
Creator: Wilson, Christopher Bernard. & Wilson, Dagmar.
Description: An illustrated children's book which tells the story of a neighborhood treasure hunt designed to encourage children to learn about the active daily lives of elderly people in their community.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Involvement in Admission to Two Homes for the Aged

Involvement in Admission to Two Homes for the Aged

Date: August 1963
Creator: Howze, Glenn Ray
Description: The study reported in the thesis attempted to examine the decision-making process for the institutionalization of older people in homes for the aged. More specifically, it sought to determine who was responsible for the decisions, to discover if this responsibility was related to selected social factors, and to ascertain if it affected the adjustment of older people to the institutional setting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Medicare Plan D: Impact on Medication Compliance in the Elderly

Medicare Plan D: Impact on Medication Compliance in the Elderly

Date: May 2007
Creator: Huff, Billie Kathryn
Description: This dissertation examined the impact of Medicare Plan D on medication compliance in Medicare beneficiaries at University of Texas Health Center at Tyler, TX. Data were collected before and after the implementation of Plan D. The impacts of various types of benefits, such as private insurance, employer insurance and pharmacy assistance programs were evaluated in terms of impact on drug compliance. Medication compliance was found to increase in those respondents without Plan D. Plan D was found to be a predictor of those who spent less on basics in order to buy medications. Although compliance increased in general, these increases could not be attributed to the acquisition of a Plan D policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Influence of executive function on medication adherence in neurologically impaired and non-impaired elderly.

Influence of executive function on medication adherence in neurologically impaired and non-impaired elderly.

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: August 2006
Creator: Zartman, Andrea Leigh
Description: Medication non-compliance has become one of the most prevalent reasons for hospitalization and doctor's visits by the elderly. As the elderly population is more likely to have decreased cognitive abilities, it is suggested that neuropsychological factors, especially executive function, are more influential in medication non-compliance than once thought. This study looked at executive function performance on a traditional battery of neuropsychological tests, self-report of perceived ability to perform executive function tasks, and the newly developed Pillbox Test, a performance based IADL measure. The Pillbox Test is designed to replicate a type of medication-management specific IADL as a means to asses executive function. Standard executive function measures only tap a portion of executive function, but it is believed that the Pillbox Test incorporates all four theoretical domains of executive function. The multiple measures of executive function performance were compared in three prevalent subgroups of the elderly population (mixed neurological group, cardiac medical-control group, and healthy community-control group). Results found significant differences, where the community-control and cardiac groups outperformed the mixed neurological group on the large majority of executive function tasks. Smaller differences were also noted between the community-control and cardiac groups and between the cardiac and mixed neurological groups. Together, these ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Response Guided Errorless Learning with Normal Elderly

Response Guided Errorless Learning with Normal Elderly

Date: May 2001
Creator: Connor, Bonnie B.
Description: This study investigates the use of response guidance for errorless learning of a perceptual motor task in normal elderly. It provides normative data for a study with stroke patients using this technique for cognitive rehabilitation. While errorless learning has been shown to be more effective on most tasks than trial and error learning for people with memory impairments, its use with normal individuals has received limited attention. The questions of interest were whether errorless training of the perceptual motor task was more effective for improving and retaining accuracy; and whether both accuracy and response speed were more resistant to the effects of increased cognitive demands. A sample of 43 normal elderly in the United Kingdom, ranging in age from 60 to 77, completed an assessment of intelligence, memory, and attention. They then received training, over two sessions one week apart, to mark the midpoint of Judd Arrows presented on a computer screen using a cross cursor moved by an active force feedback joystick (AFF). During training the errorless group received AFF guidance to the correct midpoint, while the errorful group received none, and both received auditory and visual knowledge of results. There was no AFF during baseline or post test ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Understanding Quality of Life in Older Adults

Understanding Quality of Life in Older Adults

Date: May 2010
Creator: Cardona, Laura A.
Description: I analyzed the 2004 and 2006 Health and Retirement Study data to test structural equation models of the quality of life (QOL) construct. The participants (N = 1352) were non-institutionalized individuals aged 42 and older (M = 65.70, SD = 10.88), with an average education of 12.73 years (SD = 2.96) and of varied ethnicities. The results indicated that physical functioning, affective experience, life satisfaction and social support could serve as indicators for a second order QOL factor. Furthermore, the developed QOL model explained 96% of the variance of the CASP-19 (Control, Autonomy, Self-realization and Pleasure), a QOL measure that reflects fulfillment of psychological needs. The results also indicated that Depression and Life Satisfaction are related through reciprocal causation and that Physical Functioning is more likely to cause a change in Depression than the reverse. The results suggest that QOL is a complex, multidimensional concept that should be studied at different levels of analysis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Attrition in Longitudinal Studies Using Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis

Attrition in Longitudinal Studies Using Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis

Date: December 2005
Creator: Rhodes, Anthony Ryan
Description: Longitudinal methods have become an improved and essential means of measuring intra-individual change over time. Yet one of the greatest and most hazardous drawbacks studying participants over multiple sessions can be the loss of participants over time. This study attempts to illuminate the problem of attrition in longitudinal research by estimating the mean effect sizes for participant loss across 57 studies published in 13 prestigious journals which regularly use older participants. Results estimate overall attrition to be around 34% of the original sample. The subsequent break down of attrition into its subtypes yield mean effect sizes for attrition due to Refusal (8%), Loss of contact (10%), Illness (6%), and Death (14%) in studies sampling from adults 50 years or older. Analyses were then conducted via meta-analytic one-way ANOVA and weighted regression to identify possible moderators of overall attrition and their four subtypes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Correlates of Depression in Elderly Asians in the United States

Correlates of Depression in Elderly Asians in the United States

Date: December 2013
Creator: Kung, Kevin Hsiang-Hsing
Description: The primary purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between depression and the personal characteristics of Asians who are 50 years or older. The secondary objective was to determine whether Asians 50 years or older living in the United States are more likely to be depressed than other ethnicities. The information for this study was secured from the National Health Interview Survey, spanning the years 2001 to 2010. In this study, I utilized the SAS-Callable SUDAAN statistical system. Multivariate regression was used to predict and determine significant correlations. The results indicated that Asians 50 and older living in the U.S. and who experience functional limitations, poor vision, hypertension, poor health, not married, and unemployed in previous year were in general more prone to depression. Furthermore, the study indicated that Asian elderly living the U.S. showed lower rates of depression than all non- Asian ethnicities. However when controlled for personal characteristics only Whites and Hispanics had higher depression incidences than Asian elderly. Recommendations for future studies include: conducting more micro and macro studies of Asian elders, such as in-depth case studies for each ethnicity, longitudinal studies of various Asian subgroups, and studies of Asian elderly with hypertension who have ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Memory and Attention in the Healthy Elderly

Memory and Attention in the Healthy Elderly

Date: August 1994
Creator: Orchard, Rebecca J. (Rebecca Jean)
Description: This study investigated the influence of age and health status on verbal and visual memory and attention. The objective was to select subjects resembling participants in normative studies, and to contrast the genuinely healthy component with the "contaminants." A rigorous and detailed self-report of health status plus a standard neurological examination were used to screen and divide subjects into two health status groups: normal and super healthy. It was speculated that the strong effect of age on memory and attention commonly found among the elderly would be diminished with more restrictive control over health status.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Long Distance International Caregiving to Elderly Parents Left Behind: a Case of Nigerian Adult Children Immigrants in Usa

Long Distance International Caregiving to Elderly Parents Left Behind: a Case of Nigerian Adult Children Immigrants in Usa

Date: December 2013
Creator: Okoro, Onyekachi
Description: The intent of this qualitative, grounded theory study was to understand why the Nigerian (Igbo) adult immigrants in the United States provide long distance international caregiving to their elderly parents left behind in Nigeria, the challenges they encounter, and their views on long-term service care. This study was grounded in semi-structured interviews of 20 Igbo adult immigrants residing in the Dallas/Fort Worth Metropolis. Analysis of the literature demonstrates a lack of existent topic on long distance international caregiving to elderly parents left behind in Nigeria. Findings show that reasons for Igbo adult children immigrants providing care to their elderly parents left behind stem from filial obligation, immigrant’s position in the family, perceived vulnerability of parents, and lack of government support. Also because of cultural expectations, the participants felt obligated to reciprocate to the care their elderly parents gave to them when they were growing up. While providing long distance international care, the participants encountered some challenges like adjusting to their new country, distance, financial constraints, being available for family procreation, issues with means of communication, and legal papers and parental adjustment to life in the U.S. This study also revealed that the participants would support the Nigerian government and private ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
The Effects of Reaganomics on Health and Nutrition of the Minority Elderly

The Effects of Reaganomics on Health and Nutrition of the Minority Elderly

Date: Summer 1982
Creator: Eve, Susan Brown
Description: Paper on the effects of Reaganomics on health and nutrition of the minority elderly.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service
Use of Health Care Services by Older Adults in the United States, Great Britain and Canada

Use of Health Care Services by Older Adults in the United States, Great Britain and Canada

Date: 1995
Creator: Eve, Susan Brown; Pillai, Vijayan K.; Easterling, Calvin Henry & Jones, John D.
Description: Book chapter on the use of health care services by older adults in the United States, Great Britain, and Canada.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service
Criminal Victimization and Fear of Crime Among the Elderly in the United States: A Critique of the Empirical Research Literature

Criminal Victimization and Fear of Crime Among the Elderly in the United States: A Critique of the Empirical Research Literature

Date: November 26, 1984
Creator: Eve, Susan Brown
Description: Article on criminal victimization and fear of crime among the elderly in the United States and a critique of the empirical research literature.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service
AIDS and Aging: Are the Eldery Becoming the New At-Risk Population?

AIDS and Aging: Are the Eldery Becoming the New At-Risk Population?

Date: August 1994
Creator: Allen, Annette Marie
Description: This dissertation breaks new ground. It examines the perceptions of older adults towards AIDS prevention. Using the National Health Interview Survey, 1988: AIDS Knowledge and Attitudes Supplement, a modified Health Belief Model is developed. Despite the low number of older adults 55+ with AIDS, some extenuating circumstances increase their risk of AIDS contraction. Older adults have lower levels of knowledge about AIDS, weaker immune systems and receive more blood transfusions. Societal influences include educational neglect at the hands of physicians, healthcare workers and social service personnel. The first stage of the dissertation involved establishing older adults as an at-risk population through an extensive literature review. Next, the data was described utilizing frequencies, correlations and factor analysis. Frequencies clearly indicated that older adults in the data set had low levels of AIDS knowledge and did not view themselves at risk for AIDS contraction. Correlations between the variables were minimal. A modified Health Belief Model was developed and tested. Multiple regression determined that minimal variation in the two dependent variables, "Perceived Effectiveness of Effective Methods to Prevent AIDS Contraction" and "Perceived Effectiveness of Ineffective Methods to Prevent AIDS Contraction" was accounted for by the independent variables. Although F ratios allowed rejection of ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
A Comparison of Middle Aged and College Aged Adults' Perceptions of Elder Abuse

A Comparison of Middle Aged and College Aged Adults' Perceptions of Elder Abuse

Date: August 1994
Creator: Childs, Helen W. (Helen Warren)
Description: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of (a) respondent age, (b) age and gender of perpetrator and victim, and (c) history of experienced violence on perceptions of elder abuse. Two-hundred and one (N = 201) middle-aged adults and 422 college students were assessed. Measures included adaptations of the Severity of Violence Against Women Scale and Elder Abuse Attitudes and Behavioral Intentions Scale-Revised. Middle-aged respondents viewed psychological behaviors more harshly than young. Middle-aged females and young males were less tolerant of middle-aged perpetrators. While past performance of elder abuse was predictive of future elder abuse, history of childhood abuse was not. Exploratory analyses examined middle-aged respondents' judgments of abusive behaviors and perceptions based on age of perpetrator. Middle-aged and young adults' willingness to respond to dimensions of quality, severity, and reportability were also examined.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Aging Well: The Impact of Service Learning on Elders

Aging Well: The Impact of Service Learning on Elders

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Davis, Katelyn M. & Smith, Kenneth Scott, 1976-
Description: Poster presented at the 2013 University Scholars Day at the University of North Texas. This poster discusses research on the impact of service learning on elders. Innovative ways of enhancing the elderly's wellness have been introduced with research and services focusing on improving physical activity, nutrition, and increasing social interaction and involvement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College
[Elderly Couple by Fireplace]

[Elderly Couple by Fireplace]

Date: unknown
Creator: Clark, Joe
Description: Photograph of an elderly couple sitting together by a fireplace, possibly in Lynchburg or Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. They both appear to look at something off camera.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections
[Family on Porch]

[Family on Porch]

Date: [1950..1959]
Creator: Clark, Joe
Description: Photograph of a family gathered on a porch, possibly in Cumberland Gap, Tennessee in the 1950's. An elderly woman sits in a rocking chair, holding an infant in her lap and feeding it from a glass. Three other children stand around the woman and infant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections
[Letter from Camilla Wallace to Charles B. Moore, May 10, 1896]

[Letter from Camilla Wallace to Charles B. Moore, May 10, 1896]

Date: May 10, 1896
Creator: Wallace, Camilla
Description: Letter from Camilla Wallace to Charles B. Moore in which she discusses the William Boyd family. She says she met "Auntie" and was impressed. She says that she has never known anyone else that old. She says that Mollie Moore and family are living on a coffee plantation in Mexico. She says she the fruit grown in Grand Junction, Colorado are the source of most of the funds in the valley. Camilla requests the last letter her father wrote the last day of his life that is in the possession of Charles Moore. She thanks Charles Moore for the family history he sent to her.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections
Old Age Support and the Well-Being of the Elderly in the People's Republic of China

Old Age Support and the Well-Being of the Elderly in the People's Republic of China

Date: August 1996
Creator: Pei, Xiaomei
Description: One of the major issues concerning old age security is the adequacy of support systems for the aged population. Population aging and economic development in the People's Republic of China have raised the question about the ability of the family to take care of the elderly. Using the latest data collected by the Research Center on Aging in China of a national representative sample of the aged population, this study develops a model to examine the effectiveness of family support for the elderly during the current socio-economic transition of the society. The model also examines the adequacy and effectiveness of state welfare systems on the aged population and the effect of select socio-demographic factors on the well-being of the elderly in China. The investigation into the social, economic, and health aspects of the life of the elderly provides the background knowledge for understanding the support systems for the elderly in China. The multivariate analyses of the effects of the elderly support systems within the framework of shared functions of the primary groups, and the bureaucracy in achieving social goals, identify the important effects of the economic conditions of the family and the state income maintenance programs on the sense of ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
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