Developing Countries: Challenges Confronting Debt Relief and IMF Lending to Poor Countries

Developing Countries: Challenges Confronting Debt Relief and IMF Lending to Poor Countries

Date: May 15, 2001
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Description: Testimony issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "The Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative and the International Monetary Fund's concessional (below-market terms) lending facility--the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility--are two multilateral programs intended to help spur economic growth and reduce poverty in low-income countries, most notably countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The HIPC Initiative represents a step forward in the international community's efforts to relieve poor countries of their heavy debt burdens. It does so by seeking to include all creditors and by providing significant debt relief to recipient countries. Unless strong, sustained economic growth is achieved, however the initiative will not likely provide recipient countries with a lasting exit from their debt problems. Furthermore, as long as the initiative links debt relief to poverty reduction strategies, the tension between quick debt relief and comprehensive country-owned strategies is likely to persist. These issues should not be seen, however, as a reason to abandon efforts to provide debt relief to eligible countries. Heavily indebted poor countries continue to carry unsustainable debt burdens that are unlikely to be lessened without debt relief, but participants and observers need to be more realistic about what the initiative may ultimately achieve. ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Partnership for Enhancing Developing Countries' Capacity in Participating in Global Knowledge Production and Use

Partnership for Enhancing Developing Countries' Capacity in Participating in Global Knowledge Production and Use

Date: July 2013
Creator: Alemneh, Daniel Gelaw; Assefa, Shimelis & Rorissa, Abebe
Description: Poster discussing a partnership for enhancing developing countries' capacity in participating in global knowledge production and use. This poster highlights some of the contributing factors that enhance the capacity of African institutions to play active roles in the current global knowledge economy (in terms of information and knowledge creation, access, use and reuse).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Developing Countries: U.S. Financing for Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative Currently Experiencing a Shortfall

Developing Countries: U.S. Financing for Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative Currently Experiencing a Shortfall

Date: July 24, 2008
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Description: Correspondence issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "A buildup of foreign debt throughout the 1970s and 1980s--combined with low growth, falling commodity prices, and other economic difficulties--left many poor countries with significantly more debt than they could repay. International efforts to provide debt relief to 41 such heavily indebted poor countries have been ongoing for over a decade, and these efforts culminated in the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI), which was announced in 2005. MDRI eliminates eligible debt that countries owe to four international financial institutions--the World Bank's International Development Association (IDA), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the African Development Bank's African Development Fund (ADF), and the Inter-American Development Bank (IaDB). To receive MDRI debt relief, countries must first complete the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative, which the World Bank and IMF created in 1996 to relieve the debt burden of poor countries. In response to concerns over the continuing vulnerability of these countries, the World Bank and IMF enhanced the initiative to provide additional debt relief in 1999. Recognizing that recipient countries needed further assistance, MDRI was created to help accelerate countries' progress toward achieving the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. Of the ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Developing Countries: Debt Relief Initiative for Poor Countries Faces Challenges

Developing Countries: Debt Relief Initiative for Poor Countries Faces Challenges

Date: June 29, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Description: A chapter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO: (1) assessed whether the enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC) is likely to free up resources for poverty reduction and achieve the goal of debt sustainability; (2) described the strategy to strengthen the link between debt relief and poverty reduction and how this strategy is to be implemented; and (3) described the challenges creditors face in fully funding the enhanced initiative."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Libraries and Democratization in Three Developing Countries: Exploring the Role of Social Capital

Public Libraries and Democratization in Three Developing Countries: Exploring the Role of Social Capital

Date: March 2012
Creator: Ignatow, Gabriel; Webb, Sarah M.; Poulin, Michelle; Parajuli, Ramesh; Fleming, Peter; Batra, Shika et al.
Description: This article explores the role of social capital. The authors develop a theoretical framework intended to facilitate systematic investigation of the contributions public libraries may make to democratization.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service
Basic Policy On Development Cooperation in the Field of Climate Change: Recommendations by Experts' Panel for Realization of "Cool Earth"

Basic Policy On Development Cooperation in the Field of Climate Change: Recommendations by Experts' Panel for Realization of "Cool Earth"

Date: 2008
Creator: Japan. Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Description: The document encourages international cooperation for dealing with climate change and offers strategies for making climate policy and economic policy compatible.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Getting Back in the Game: U.S. Job Growth Potential from Expanding Clean Technology Markets in Developing Countries

Getting Back in the Game: U.S. Job Growth Potential from Expanding Clean Technology Markets in Developing Countries

Date: May 2010
Creator: World Wildlife Fund
Description: This report highlights a significant, but rarely discussed, economic angle to the Senate’s deliberations on the American Power Act. Unlike the House-passed climate bill, which set aside one percent of revenues from emissions auctions for international clean technology investments, the American Power Act contains no such dedicated funding stream nor a program to guide these public investments. This lack of secure, long-term funding would limit the job-creating potential of the legislation by limiting the opportunities for American companies to export their energy technology to global markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
United Nations Development Programme & Climate Change Adaptation - A Quarterly Update of Activities

United Nations Development Programme & Climate Change Adaptation - A Quarterly Update of Activities

Date: December 2009
Creator: United Nations Development Programme
Description: The newsletter includes updates on projects, performance indicators, impacts and results, and policy and mainstreaming announcements on UNDP's activities around the world in support of climate change adaptation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
OECD Global Forum on Sustainable Development: Emissions Trading: Concerted Action on Tradeable Emissions Permits Country Forum

OECD Global Forum on Sustainable Development: Emissions Trading: Concerted Action on Tradeable Emissions Permits Country Forum

Date: March 2003
Creator: Gupta, Shreekant
Description: The aim of the Forum was to bring representatives from OECD and non-OECD country governments together with representatives from the research community, to identify and discuss key policy issues relating to greenhouse gas emissions trading and other project based mechanisms for GHG emission reduction, such as Joint Implementation and the Clean Development Mechanism. The Forum also aimed to promote dialogue between the various stakeholder groups, and discuss policy needs in the design and implementation of tradeable emissions schemes. Forum participants included representatives from OECD and non-OECD governments, as well as from the research community. Those from industry and other institutions involved with emissions trading, joint implementation and clean development mechanism projects such as the European Commission and the World Bank were also represented.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Fast Facts: UNDP and Climate Change

Fast Facts: UNDP and Climate Change

Date: January 2008
Creator: United Nations Environment Programme
Description: The document contains key facts about climate change drawn from UNDP's 2007/2008 Human Development Report. The document also outlines UNDP's work in the area of climate change and provides examples.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
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