The Use Of Societal Impacts Considerations In Grant Proposal Peer Review: A Comparison Of Five Models

The Use Of Societal Impacts Considerations In Grant Proposal Peer Review: A Comparison Of Five Models

Date: 2010
Creator: Holbrook, J. Britt
Description: This article discusses the use of societal impacts considerations in grant proposal peer review in scientific and technical research.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences
Accountable Science: The COMPETES Act Needs to Demonstrate an Accountability Attitude

Accountable Science: The COMPETES Act Needs to Demonstrate an Accountability Attitude

Date: September 16, 2010
Creator: Holbrook, J. Britt
Description: This article discusses the U.S. National Science Foundation's (NSF) Broader Impacts Merit Review Criterion in relation to the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences
Resistance to impact criteria can lead to a tightening of the accountability noose

Resistance to impact criteria can lead to a tightening of the accountability noose

Date: March 15, 2012
Creator: Holbrook, J. Britt & Frodeman, Robert
Description: This article discusses how resistance to impact criteria can lead to a tightening of the accountability noose. Vague impact criteria are a blessing in disguise. The authors write that researchers who push against criteria that allow considerable autonomy are foolish and should learn from overseas contemporaries that a clearer definition of impact requirements is not dissimilar from a tightening of the noose.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences
Accountability versus Autonomy? Toward a More Responsible Practice of Science

Accountability versus Autonomy? Toward a More Responsible Practice of Science

Date: February 2013
Creator: Barr, Kelli R.
Description: This paper was awarded a Nicholas and Anna Ricco Ethics Award for 2013. In this paper, the author discusses issues related to accountability versus autonomy and suggestions toward a more responsible practice of science.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences
Analysis of Graduation Rates for Four-year Colleges: A Model of Institutional Performance Using IPEDS

Analysis of Graduation Rates for Four-year Colleges: A Model of Institutional Performance Using IPEDS

Date: May 2010
Creator: Fung, Terence Yip-hung
Description: Under the George W. Bush U.S. presidential administration, the federal government pushed for greater accountability among institutions of higher education for educational outcomes. Graduation rate is a key performance indicator of institutional accountability. Previous researchers of student attrition focused primarily on the effects of student level factors on student persistence/withdrawal behavior. Recently, researchers put more focus on the effects of institutional characteristics on graduation rates, but most of these studies were exploratory and based on multiple regression models. No institutional model has existed to synthesize their results within a theoretical framework. Such an institutional model is needed to explain the process of student persistence at the institutional level. The purpose of this study was to develop a model of institutional performance in graduation rate for four-year, public and private not-for-profit, Title IV institutions in the United States. This study validated the institutional model based on the IPEDS dataset using the structural equation modeling (SEM) technique. Further group comparison analyses are conducted by fitting the same SEM model to several subgroup datasets based on grouping variables such as control, geographical region and state. Benchmarking analyses were conducted to demonstrate how administrators and policy-makers can use the institutional model to compare the ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
A multi-state political process analysis of the anti-testing movement.

A multi-state political process analysis of the anti-testing movement.

Date: December 2006
Creator: DeMerle, Carol
Description: I applied McAdam's political process model for social movement analysis to examine the level of collective resistance to high stakes testing in California, Massachusetts, New York, South Carolina, and Texas from 1985 to 2005. Data on protest occurrences in those states were gathered from online news reports, anti-testing organization websites, and electronic interviews from individuals associated with the anti-testing movement. Variables used in the analysis included each state's key educational accountability legislation, political affiliations of state political leaders, state political leaders' support of accountability issues, student ethnicity profiles, poverty indicators, dropout rates, and collective bargaining laws. I examined the relationship between those variables and protest development in terms of the political process model's three components: framing processes, mobilizing structures, and political opportunity. I concluded California and Massachusetts, with their strong networks of anti-testing organizations, showed more instances of protest than any other state. Slightly fewer protests occurred in New York. Texas showed few instances of anti-testing protests and there were no reports of protests in South Carolina. There was evidence of framing efforts from both proponents and opponents of high-stakes testing, with proponents' framing efforts tending to be more covert. I found that anti-testing protests were primarily initiated by middle-class ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
The perception of English language arts teachers about instructional changes following the implementation of the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills test.

The perception of English language arts teachers about instructional changes following the implementation of the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills test.

Date: December 2009
Creator: Horn, Brian K.
Description: Accountability in education has been expanding for the past twenty years. As standards for curricular areas continued to develop, educational shareholders desired a way to measure student achievement contextualized by the established standards. Since 1964, policies expanded federal involvement with education, and with the No Child Left Behind Act in 2001, high-stakes testing became a significant part of public education. In Texas, testing transitioned in 2003 to the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skill (TAKS) test, an assessment that determines grade advancement for students, ratings for school districts, and additional compensation for some teachers. Along with the increasing expectations for student achievement, the need for effective instruction also increases. This dissertation studies how English language arts (ELA) teachers in four North Texas suburban high schools perceive instructional change following the implementation of TAKS. One hundred twenty-one teachers (n=121) were surveyed using an instrument broken into seven categories: student-centered instruction, student interest, instructional communication, time, classroom environment, teacher knowledge, and assessment. Participants were separated into two groups, teachers with one to six years of experience with a district or seven or more years with a district. Using a rating scale for each statement on the survey instrument, participants indicated the direction ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
State accountability ratings as related to district size and diversity.

State accountability ratings as related to district size and diversity.

Date: May 2008
Creator: Starrett, Teresa M.
Description: All Texas school districts were examined to determine the relationship of district size and diversity to the accountability ratings of selected Texas school districts and the implications of including all data in the accountability rating system. Eight large districts and 12 small districts were matched demographically utilizing data from the 2003-2004 school year. Information from the Texas Education Agency was accessed over 2003-2004 and 2004-2005. The ratings were found to be lowered from Recognized to Academically Acceptable with the inclusion of these groups 6 out of 20 times. These findings indicate that the Texas accountability system, in its current structure, excludes certain students based upon race and economic status and is not in compliance with what the law intended. This study should be replicated on a larger scale to assess its validity for a larger sample of small districts. Equity among states should be examined to provide information for a nationwide accountability system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Teaching Basic Marketing Accountability Using Spreadsheets: An Exploratory Perspective

Teaching Basic Marketing Accountability Using Spreadsheets: An Exploratory Perspective

Date: 2010
Creator: Ganesh, Gopala & Paswan, Audhesh K.
Description: This article discusses marketing accountability using spreadsheets.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Business