Hamas: Background and Issues for Congress

Hamas: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: December 2, 2010
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: Hamas, or the Islamic Resistance Movement, is a Palestinian Islamist military and sociopolitical movement that grew out of the Muslim Brotherhood, a Sunni religious and political organization founded in Egypt in 1928 that has branches throughout the world. The United States, Israel, the European Union, and Canada consider Hamas a terrorist organization. The overarching U.S. goal regarding Hamas is to deter, transform, marginalize, or neutralize it so that it no longer presents a threat to Israel's security, to a peaceful and lasting resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, or to other U.S. interests. This report discusses U.S. efforts and policy debates on these issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israel: Background and U.S. Relations

Israel: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: June 12, 2013
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report describes issues related to U.S. aid provided to Palestine to support prevention/combating against terrorism, creating coexistence with Israel and self-governance, and meeting humanitarian needs. In includes introductory and historical background as well as in-depth analysis of the types of U.S. bilateral aid to Palestine, U.S. contributions to the U.N. Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the near East (UNRWA), and the issues involved in determining future aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: February 2, 2012
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: Congress has an active role to play in shaping and overseeing U.S. relations with Turkey, and several Turkish domestic and foreign policy issues have significant relevance for U.S. interests. This report provides background information on Turkey and discusses possible policy options for Members of Congress and the Obama Administration. U.S. relations with Turkey—a longtime North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) ally—have evolved over time as global challenges to U.S. interests have changed. Turkey's economic dynamism and geopolitical importance—it straddles Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia and now has the world's 16th-largest economy—have increased its influence regionally and globally.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Palestinians: Background and U.S. Relations

The Palestinians: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: January 31, 2014
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report provides an overview of current issues in U.S.-Palestinian relations. It also contains an overview of Palestinian society and politics and descriptions of key Palestinian individuals and groups--chiefly the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the Palestinian Authority (PA), Fatah, Hamas, and the Palestinian refugee population.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: April 27, 2012
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: Congress has an active role to play in shaping and overseeing U.S. relations with Turkey, and several Turkish domestic and foreign policy issues have significant relevance for U.S. interests. This report provides background information on Turkey and discusses possible policy options for Members of Congress and the Obama Administration. U.S. relations with Turkey-a longtime North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) ally-have evolved over time as global challenges to U.S. interests have changed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israel: Background and U.S. Relations

Israel: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: November 7, 2012
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: Report containing a history of U.S.-Israeli relationships and current Israeli issues such as border security, defense, Israel-Palestinian conflicts, economy, and democracy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: June 21, 2013
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: Report that provides background information on Turkey and discusses possible policy options for Members of Congress and the Obama Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israel: Background and U.S. Relations

Israel: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: February 29, 2012
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: A look at the history of U.S.-Israeli relationships and current Israeli issues such as border security, defense, Israel-Palestinian conflicts, economy, and democracy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

Date: April 4, 2012
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: The U.S. government has committed over $4 billion in bilateral assistance to the Palestinians Since the establishment of limited Palestinian self-rule in the West Bank and Gaza Strip in the mid-1990s. This aid has been requested to support prevention/combating against terrorism, creating coexistence with Israel and self-governance, and meeting humanitarian needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

Date: October 7, 2011
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: U.S. aid to the Palestinians has fluctuated considerably over the past three years, largely due to Hamas's changing role within the Palestinian Authority (PA). Since Hamas's forcible takeover of the Gaza Strip in June 2007, the U.S. has dramatically boosted aid levels to bolster the PA and President Mahmoud Abbas vis-à-vis Hamas. Because of congressional concerns that, among other things, U.S. funds might be diverted to Palestinian terrorist groups, much of this assistance is subject to legislative restrictions. Experts advise that PA stability hinges on, now more than ever, improved security, economic development, Israeli cooperation, and the continuation of high levels of foreign assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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