Farm Commodity Payment Limits: Comparison of Proposals

Farm Commodity Payment Limits: Comparison of Proposals

Date: April 26, 2002
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: This report discusses U.S. policy regard farm commodities. Greater public awareness of the size of commodity program payments reaching a comparatively small number of very large farms has focused the attention of Congress on payment limits. Limits on commodity program payments have been imposed since 1970. As part of the emergency economic assistance packages enacted each of the past three years, the payment limits have been doubled. In addition, a mechanism has been developed that allows farms to circumvent the limit on loan deficiency payments, namely commodity certificates
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm "Counter-Cyclical Assistance"

Farm "Counter-Cyclical Assistance"

Date: May 31, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Womach, Jasper
Description: This report discusses recently approved legislation reauthorizing major farm income and commodity price support programs through crop year 2007. This legislation includes new “counter-cyclical assistance” programs for grains, cotton, oilseeds, peanuts, and milk. The intent of counter-cyclical assistance is to provide more government support when farm prices and/or incomes decline, and less support when they improve. In fact, farmers have, for many years, been eligible for various forms of counter-cyclical assistance. At issue has been the need for, and potential impacts of, another counter-cyclical program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm "Counter-Cyclical Assistance"

Farm "Counter-Cyclical Assistance"

Date: March 7, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Womach, Jasper
Description: This report discusses the reauthorization of major farm income and commodity price support programs that expire after crop year 2002. Many agricultural interests expect that a new “counter-cyclical assistance” program will be an integral component of future farm policy. The intent of counter-cyclical assistance is to provide more government support when farm prices and/or incomes decline, and less support when they improve.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Economic Relief: Issues and Options for Congress

Farm Economic Relief: Issues and Options for Congress

Date: December 6, 2000
Creator: Womach, Jasper & Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report discusses issues regarding Agriculture funding, specifically the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform (FAIR) Act (P.L. 104-127), which prescribed farm commodity support policy through 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Economic Relief: Issues and Options for Congress

Farm Economic Relief: Issues and Options for Congress

Date: August 22, 2000
Creator: Womach, Jasper & Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report discusses issues regarding Agriculture funding and subsidies. In response to low prices, natural disasters, and other farm-related problems, Congress has, over 3 successive years, provided a total of about $23 billion in supplemental aid – in addition to funds already programmed through the 1996 farm bill (P.L. 104-127). The most recent aid was attached to a crop insurance reform bill signed into law on June 22, 2000 (P.L. 106-224). This Agriculture Risk Protection Act of 2000 includes $7.113 billion for additional farm income and related assistance, of which $5.5 billion is to be spent in FY2000.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Economic Relief and Policy Issues in the 106th Congress: A Retrospective

Farm Economic Relief and Policy Issues in the 106th Congress: A Retrospective

Date: January 8, 2001
Creator: Womach, Jasper & Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report discusses issues regarding Agriculture funding, specifically the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform (FAIR) Act (P.L. 104-127), which prescribed farm commodity support policy through 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Potential Challenges to U.S. Farm Subsidies in the WTO: A Brief Overview

Potential Challenges to U.S. Farm Subsidies in the WTO: A Brief Overview

Date: October 25, 2006
Creator: Schnepf, Randy & Womach, Jasper
Description: This report examines U.S. commodity subsidy programs, which have changing criteria due to the expiration of the World Trade Organization's (WTO's) so-called "Peace Clause." This change appears to have made U.S. export and domestic support programs more vulnerable to legal challenge under WTO rules.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2002 Farm Bill: Overview and Status

The 2002 Farm Bill: Overview and Status

Date: July 3, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S. & Womach, Jasper
Description: The Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform, or FAIR, Act of 1996 (commonly known as the "farm bill"), which was due to expire in 2002, is expected to be extended for another six years when President Bush signs the bill into law. This report discusses the provisions of the new "farm bill," including the federal spending involved.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Average Farm Subsidy Payments, by State, 2002

Average Farm Subsidy Payments, by State, 2002

Date: September 16, 2004
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: The U.S. Department of Agriculture makes direct subsidy payments through the Commodity Credit Corporation to farmers for commodity price and income support, certain conservation and environmental activities, and some disaster losses. In 2002, these direct farm subsidy payments amounted to $12.151 billion. This report examines the distribution of these payments among states, calculates the average size of payments going to recipient farms in each state, and distinguishes between payments received by farm operators and landlords. This information is intended to aid in policy debates about subsidizing some farms but not others, changing per-person payment limits, and the altering eligibility rules for landlords to receive payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Previewing a 2007 Farm Bill

Previewing a 2007 Farm Bill

Date: August 18, 2005
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cotton Production and Support in the United States

Cotton Production and Support in the United States

Date: June 24, 2004
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: This report explains the various cotton subsidy programs and provides quantitative data on market revenues, production costs, and the size of the subsidies. Also, it characterizes the relative position of the United States vis-a-vis other countries as a producer, exporter and importer of cotton. The purpose of this examination is to provide U.S. policy makers with a complete overview of U.S. cotton production and the federal programs that support that production.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Compensating Farmers for the Tobacco Settlement

Compensating Farmers for the Tobacco Settlement

Date: July 6, 1998
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: The legislative proposals designed to reduce smoking, primarily by teenagers, are likely to have negative economic consequences for tobacco growers and tobacco-dependent communities. This report discusses the possibility of some kind of compensation to farmers as part of the settlement package legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comparing Quota Buyout Payments for Peanuts and Tobacco

Comparing Quota Buyout Payments for Peanuts and Tobacco

Date: October 14, 2003
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: The purpose of this analysis is to provide a generally consistent comparison of the benefits provided to peanut quota holders and producers and proposed benefits concerning tobacco. It is not the intention of this analysis to attempt to determine the appropriate size of these buyout payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Marketing Assistance Loans and Loan Deficiency Payments

Agricultural Marketing Assistance Loans and Loan Deficiency Payments

Date: December 13, 2000
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: Marketing assistance loans for the major crops were designed to facilitate orderly marketing by providing short-term financing so that farmers could pay their bills right after harvest and spread their sales over the entire marketing year. However, the persistence of very low commodity prices transformed the loan program into a major vehicle of farm income support. Marketing loan program benefits (primarily loan deficiency payments, LDPs) to farmers amounted to about $5.9 billion in 1999, and will exceed $6.5 billion in 2000. Such levels of use and high costs have revealed several administrative problems and given rise to several policy issues. Some policy makers have favored broadening the scope and enhancing the benefits of the program to achieve greater farm income support. Anticipated adverse market impacts have discouraged adoption of these proposals to date. A persistent policy issue is the payment limitation on marketing loan gains.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Marketing Assistance Loans and Loan Deficiency Payments

Agricultural Marketing Assistance Loans and Loan Deficiency Payments

Date: September 15, 2000
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: Marketing assistance loans for the major crops were designed to facilitate orderly marketing by providing short-term financing so that farmers could pay their bills right after harvest and spread their sales over the entire marketing year. However, the persistence of very low commodity prices transformed the loan program into a major vehicle of farm income support. Marketing loan program benefits (primarily loan deficiency payments, LDPs) to farmers amounted to about $5.9 billion in 1999, and will exceed $6.5 billion in 2000. Such levels of use and high costs have revealed several administrative problems and given rise to several policy issues. Some policy makers have favored broadening the scope and enhancing the benefits of the program to achieve greater farm income support. Anticipated adverse market impacts have discouraged adoption of these proposals to date. A persistent policy issue is the payment limitation on marketing loan gains.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws

Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws

Date: October 1, 1997
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: This report includes a glossary of approximately 1,700 agriculture and related terms (e.g., food programs, conservation, forestry, environmental protection, etc.). Besides defining terms and phrases with specialized meanings for agriculture, the glossary also identifies acronyms, agencies, programs, and laws related to agriculture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws, 2005 Edition

Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws, 2005 Edition

Date: June 16, 2005
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: This report includes a glossary of approximately 2,500 agriculture and related terms (e.g., food programs, conservation, forestry, environmental protection, etc.). Besides defining terms and phrases with specialized meanings for agriculture, the glossary also identifies acronyms, agencies, programs, and laws related to agriculture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2002 Farm Bill: Comparison of Commodity Support Provisions with the House and Senate Proposals, and Prior Law

The 2002 Farm Bill: Comparison of Commodity Support Provisions with the House and Senate Proposals, and Prior Law

Date: August 1, 2002
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: A new farm bill, the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (P.L. 107- 171), covering crop years 2002-2007, was signed into law May 13, 2002. The previous farm bill (now prior law) was the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-127), popularly called the FAIR Act. Commodity support authority in the FAIR Act (Title I, Agricultural Market Transition Act (AMTA)) was set to expire after crop year 2002. This report provides a side-by-side comparison of prior law (AMTA), with most commodity support provisions of Title I of the new law, and the House and Senate farm bills.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Price Support: An Overview of the Program

Tobacco Price Support: An Overview of the Program

Date: June 25, 2004
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Price Support: An Overview of the Program

Tobacco Price Support: An Overview of the Program

Date: July 6, 1998
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Price Support: An Overview of the Program

Tobacco Price Support: An Overview of the Program

Date: November 3, 2003
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Price Support: An Overview of the Program

Tobacco Price Support: An Overview of the Program

Date: June 25, 2004
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: About 94 percent of U.S. tobacco production is flue-cured and burley (cigarette tobacco types). These crops are particularly important to the agriculture of North Carolina and Kentucky. The federal tobacco price support program is designed to support and stabilize prices for farmers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Programs of the U.S. Department of Agriculture: Their Operation and Cost

Tobacco Programs of the U.S. Department of Agriculture: Their Operation and Cost

Date: January 15, 1988
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Quota Buyout

Tobacco Quota Buyout

Date: December 31, 2005
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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