National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Spill and Offshore Drilling

National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Spill and Offshore Drilling

Date: July 25, 2011
Creator: National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling
Description: This website is for the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil SpilUnited States. Office of Fossil Energyl and Offshore Drilling, established by President Barack Obama on May 21, 2010. The Commission examined the relevant facts and circumstances concerning the root causes of the Deepwater Horizon explosion and developed options to guard against, and mitigate the impact of, any oil spills associated with offshore drilling in the future. This included recommending improvements to federal laws, regulations, and industry practices. The website contains detailed information about each of the commission's meetings, the commission's final reports, and other related resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Digital Projects Unit
The Proceedings of the 1979 Symposium on Instrumentation and Control for Fossil Energy Processes

The Proceedings of the 1979 Symposium on Instrumentation and Control for Fossil Energy Processes

Date: 1979?
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Description: Organizations, including private industry, universities, national laboratories, and government come together for a symposium on a wide array of topics within the umbrella of furthering the solution of instrumentation and control problems in fossil energy processes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nondestructive Evaluation Techniques for Silicon Carbide Heat-Exchanger Tubes  : Second Annual Report, October 1978-September 1979

Nondestructive Evaluation Techniques for Silicon Carbide Heat-Exchanger Tubes : Second Annual Report, October 1978-September 1979

Date: November 1979
Creator: Kupperman, D. S.; Yuhas, D.; Deininger, W. & Sciammarella, Cesar A.
Description: This report discusses the development of ultrasonic testing, acoustic microscopy, dye-enhanced radiography, holographic interferometry, and infrared scanning techniques for flaw detection in silicon carbide (SiC) heat-exchanger tubing. Both preservice and in-service testing requirements are discussed. An ultrasonic boreside probe and an acoustic microscope stage have been designed for continuous monitoring of SiC tubing. Preliminary results with these acoustic systems are presented. In addition, a novel technique for detecting small surface flaws using holographic interferometry is discussed. Fracture mechanics analysis suggests that detection of flaws on the order of 100 um is necessary to assure good reliability of ceramic heat exchangers. The acoustic and holographic techniques have been shown to be capable of detecting flaws of this size. However, the sensitivity of ultrasonic flaw detection in SiC is affected by the microstructure of the component. The practical considerations involved in the use of these techniques are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nondestructive Evaluation Techniques for Silicon Carbide Heat-Exchanger Tubes  : Annual Report, October 1977-September 1978

Nondestructive Evaluation Techniques for Silicon Carbide Heat-Exchanger Tubes : Annual Report, October 1977-September 1978

Date: March 1979
Creator: Kupperman, D. S.; Yuhas, D.; Sciammarella, Cesar A.; Lapinski, N. P. & Fiore, N. F.
Description: This report discusses the adequacy of several nondestructive evaluation techniques for the detection of flaws in silicon carbide heat-exchanger tubing. Experimental results have been obtained for conventional ultrasonic testing, acoustic microscopy, conventional and dye-enhanced radiography, holographic interferometry, infrared scanning and internal-friction measurements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Analysis of oil-bearing Cretaceous sandstone hydrocarbon reservoirs, exclusive of the Dakota Sandstone, on the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation, New Mexico

Analysis of oil-bearing Cretaceous sandstone hydrocarbon reservoirs, exclusive of the Dakota Sandstone, on the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation, New Mexico

Date: June 8, 2000
Creator: Ridgley, Jennie & Wright Dunbar, Robyn
Description: This is the Phase One contract report to the United States Department of Energy, United State Geological Survey and the Jicarilla Apache Indian Tribe on the project entitled ``Outcrop Analysis of the Cretaceous Mesaverde Group: Jicarilla Apache Reservation, New Mexico.'' Field work for this project was conducted during July and August 1998, at which time fourteen measured sections were described and correlated on or adjacent to Jicarilla Apache Reservation lands. A fifteen section, described east of the main field area, is included in this report, although its distant location precluded use in the correlation's and cross-sections presented herein. Ground-based photo mosaics were shot for much of the exposed Mesaverde outcrop belt and were used to assist in correlation. Outcrop gamma-ray surveys at six of the fifteen measured sections using a GAD-6 scintillometer was conducted. The raw gamma-ray data are included in this report, however, analysis of those data is part of the ongoing Phase Two of this project.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Enhancing the Effectiveness of Carbon Dioxide Flooding by Managing Asphaltene Precipitation

Enhancing the Effectiveness of Carbon Dioxide Flooding by Managing Asphaltene Precipitation

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Deo, M. D.
Description: The objective of this project was to identify conditions at which carbon dioxide induced precipitation occurred in crude oils. Establishing compositions of the relevant liquid and solid phases was planned. Other goals of the project were to determine if precipitation occurred in cores and to implement thermodynamic and compositional models to examine the phenomenon. Exploring kinetics of precipitation was also one of the project goals. Crude oil from the Rangely Field (eastern Colorado) was used as a prototype.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sorbents for mercury removal from flue gas

Sorbents for mercury removal from flue gas

Date: January 1998
Creator: Granite, Evan J.; Hargis, Richard A. & Pennline, Henry W.
Description: A review of the various promoters and sorbents examined for the removal of mercury from flue gas is presented. Commercial sorbent processes are described along with the chemistry of the various sorbent-mercury interactions. Novel sorbents for removing mercury from flue gas are suggested. Since activated carbons are expensive, alternate sorbents and/or improved activated carbons are needed. Because of their lower cost, sorbent development work can focus on base metal oxides and halides. Additionally, the long-term sequestration of the mercury on the sorbent needs to be addressed. Contacting methods between the flue gas and the sorbent also merit investigation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cryogenic Treatment of Production Components in High-Wear Rate Wells

Cryogenic Treatment of Production Components in High-Wear Rate Wells

Date: April 29, 2002
Creator: Milliken, M.
Description: Deep Cryogenic Tempering (DCT) is a specialized process whereby the molecular structure of a material is ''re-trained'' through cooling to -300 F and then heating to +175-1100 F. Cryocon, Inc. (hereafter referred to as Cryocon) and RMOTC entered an agreement to test the process on oilfield production components, including rod pumps, rods, couplings, and tubing. Three Shannon Formation wells were selected (TD about 500 ft) based on their proclivity for high component wear rates. Phase 1 of the test involved operation for a nominal 120 calendar day period with standard, non-treated components. In Phase 2, treated components were installed and operated for another nominal 120 calendar day period. Different cryogenic treatment profiles were used for components in each well. Rod pumps (two treated and one untreated) were not changed between test phases. One well was operated in pumped-off condition, resulting in abnormal wear and disqualification from the test. Testing shows that cryogenic treatment reduced wear of rods, couplers, and pump barrels. Testing of production tubing produced mixed results.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Degradation of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon and BTEX Compounds in Produced Water

Degradation of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon and BTEX Compounds in Produced Water

Date: April 1, 2002
Creator: Jackson, Lorri
Description: Petroleum Environmental Technologies, LLC entered into a Cooperative Research and Development agreement with the Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center to an in-situ pit treatment demonstration and produced water treatment demonstration. The purpose of the test is to demonstrate the degradation of petroleum hydrocarbon compounds in soil and aqueous matrices where ECOSAFE is applied to enhance the degradation of these contaminants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Demonstration of advanced combustion NO{sub X} control techniques for a wall-fired boiler. Project performance summary, Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program

Demonstration of advanced combustion NO{sub X} control techniques for a wall-fired boiler. Project performance summary, Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program

Date: January 1, 2001
Creator: unknown
Description: The project represents a landmark assessment of the potential of low-NO{sub x} burners, advanced overtire air, and neural-network control systems to reduce NO{sub x} emissions within the bounds of acceptable dry-bottom, wall-fired boiler performance. Such boilers were targeted under the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA). Testing provided valuable input to the Environmental Protection Agency ruling issued in March 1994, which set NO{sub x} emission limits for ''Group 1'' wall-fired boilers at 0.5 lb/10{sup 6} Btu to be met by January 1996. The resultant comprehensive database served to assist utilities in effectively implementing CAAA compliance. The project is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program established to address energy and environmental concerns related to coal use. Five nationally competed solicitations sought cost-shared partnerships with industry to accelerate commercialization of the most advanced coal-based power generation and pollution control technologies. The Program, valued at over $5 billion, has leveraged federal funding twofold through the resultant partnerships encompassing utilities, technology developers, state governments, and research organizations. This project was one of 16 selected in May 1988 from 55 proposals submitted in response to the Program's second solicitation. Southern Company Services, Inc. (SCS) conducted a comprehensive evaluation ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ATOM-ECONOMICAL PATHWAYS TO METHANOL FUEL CELL FROM BIOMASS

ATOM-ECONOMICAL PATHWAYS TO METHANOL FUEL CELL FROM BIOMASS

Date: March 1, 1999
Creator: MAHAJAN,D. & WEGRZYN,J.E.
Description: An economical production of alcohol fuels from biomass, a feedstock low in carbon and high in water content, is of interest. At Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), a Liquid Phase Low Temperature (LPLT) concept is under development to improve the economics by maximizing the conversion of energy carrier atoms (C,H) into energy liquids (fuel). So far, the LPLT concept has been successfully applied to obtain highly efficient methanol synthesis. This synthesis was achieved with specifically designed soluble catalysts, at temperatures < 150 C. A subsequent study at BNL yielded a water-gas-shift (WGS) catalyst for the production of hydrogen from a feedstock of carbon monoxide and H{sub 2}O at temperatures < 120 C. With these LPLT technologies as a background, this paper extends the discussion of the LPLT concept to include methanol decomposition into 3 moles of H{sub 2} per mole of methanol. The implication of these technologies for the atom-economical pathways to methanol fuel cell from biomass is discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
21st century energy solutions. Coal and Power Systems FY2001 program briefing

21st century energy solutions. Coal and Power Systems FY2001 program briefing

Date: January 1, 2001
Creator: unknown
Description: The continued strength of American's economy depends on the availability of affordable energy, which has long been provided by the Nations rich supplies of fossil fuels. Forecasts indicate that fossil fuels will continue to meet much of the demand for economical electricity and transportation fuels for decades to come. It is projected that natural gas, oil, and coal will supply nearly 90% of US energy in 2020, with coal fueling around 50% of the electricity. It is essential to develop ways to achieve the objectives for a cleaner environment while using these low-cost, high-value fuels. A national commitment to improved technologies--for use in the US and abroad--is the solution. The Coal and Power Systems program is responding to this commitment by offering energy solutions to advance the clean, efficient, and affordable use of the Nations abundant fossil fuel resources. These solutions include: (1) Vision 21--A multi-product, pollution-free energy plant--producing electricity, fuels, and/or industry heat--could extract 80% or more of the energy value of coal and 85% or more of the energy value of natural gas; (2) Central Power Systems--Breakthrough turbines and revolutionary new gasification technologies that burn less coal and gas to obtain energy, while reducing emissions; (3) Distributed Generation--Fuel ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Activation and Micropore Structure Determination of Activated Carbon-Fiber Composites

Activation and Micropore Structure Determination of Activated Carbon-Fiber Composites

Date: April 23, 1999
Creator: Jagtoyen, M. & Derbyshire, F.
Description: Previous work focused on the production of carbon fiber composites and subsequently activating them to induce adsorbent properties. One problem related to this approach is the difficulty of uniformly activating large composites. In order to overcome this problem, composites have been made from pre-activated fibers. The loss of surface area upon forming the composites after activation of the fibers was investigated. The electrical resistivity and strength of these composites were compared to those made by activation after forming. It was found that the surface area is reduced by about 35% by forming the composite from pre-activated fibers. However, the properties of the activated sample are very uniform: the variation in surface area is less than {+-}0.5%. So, although the surface area is somewhat reduced, it is believed that making composites from pre-activated fibers could be useful in applications where the BET surface area is not required to be very high. The strength of the composites produced from pre-activated fibers is lower than for composites activated after forming when the carbon burnoff is below 45%. For higher burnoffs, the strength of composites made with pre-activated fibers is as good or better. In both cases, there is a dramatic decrease in strength ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advanced reservoir characterization and evaluation of CO{sub 2} gravity drainage in the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area. Quarterly technical report

Advanced reservoir characterization and evaluation of CO{sub 2} gravity drainage in the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area. Quarterly technical report

Date: July 7, 1998
Creator: Schechter, David S.
Description: The overall goal of this project is to assess the economic feasibility of CO{sub 2} flooding the naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area in West Texas. This objective is being accomplished by conducting research in four areas: (1) extensive characterization of the reservoirs, (2) experimental studies of crude oil/brine/rock (COBR) interaction in the reservoirs, (3) analytical and numerical simulation of Spraberry reservoirs, and, (4) experimental investigations on CO{sub 2} gravity drainage in Spraberry whole cores. This report provides results of the fourth quarter of 1997 in the fourth area.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hybrid Fuel Cell Technology Overview

Hybrid Fuel Cell Technology Overview

Date: May 2001
Creator: unknown
Description: For the purpose of this STI product and unless otherwise stated, hybrid fuel cell systems are power generation systems in which a high temperature fuel cell is combined with another power generating technology. The resulting system exhibits a synergism in which the combination performs with an efficiency far greater than can be provided by either system alone. Hybrid fuel cell designs under development include fuel cell with gas turbine, fuel cell with reciprocating (piston) engine, and designs that combine different fuel cell technologies. Hybrid systems have been extensively analyzed and studied over the past five years by the Department of Energy (DOE), industry, and others. These efforts have revealed that this combination is capable of providing remarkably high efficiencies. This attribute, combined with an inherent low level of pollutant emission, suggests that hybrid systems are likely to serve as the next generation of advanced power generation systems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
High Energy Gas Fracturing Test

High Energy Gas Fracturing Test

Date: February 27, 2001
Creator: Schulte, R.
Description: The Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center (RMOTC) has recently completed two tests of a high-energy gas fracturing system being developed by Western Technologies of Crossville, Tennessee. The tests involved the use of two active wells located at the Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3 (NPR-3), thirty-five miles north of Casper, Wyoming (See Figure 1). During the testing process the delivery and operational system was enhanced by RMOTC, Western Technologies, and commercial wireline subcontractors. RMOTC has assisted an industrial client in developing their technology for high energy gas fracturing to a commercial level. The modifications and improvements implemented during the technology testing process are instrumental in all field testing efforts at RMOTC. The importance of well selection can also be critical in demonstrating the success of the technology. To date, significant increases in well productivity have been clearly proven in well 63-TPX-10. Gross fluid production was initially raised by a factor of three. Final production rates increased by a factor of six with the use of a larger submersible pump. Well productivity (bbls of fluid per foot of drawdown) increased by a factor of 15 to 20. The above results assume that no mechanical damage has occurred to the casing or cast ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) RAPID Engineering Program, Project 7: Development of Field Exposure Models

Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) RAPID Engineering Program, Project 7: Development of Field Exposure Models

Date: May 1999
Creator: Bracken, T. D.; Rankin, R. F. & Wiley, J. A.
Description: The purpose of this project was to develop a conceptual model for estimating magnetic field (EMF) personal exposure (PE) of individuals or groups and construct a working model using existing data.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electric Power Research Institute Environmental Control Technology Center Report to the Steering Committee, July 1996

Electric Power Research Institute Environmental Control Technology Center Report to the Steering Committee, July 1996

Date: November 15, 1996
Creator: unknown
Description: Operations and maintenance continued this month at the Electric Power Research Institute's Environmental Control Technology Center. Testing for the Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAP) test block was conducted using the Carbon Injection System (the 4.0 MW Spray Dryer Absorber System and the Pulse Jet Fabric Filter). Testing also continued across the B and W/CHX Heat Exchanger project. The 1.0 MW Cold-Side Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) unit and the 4.0 MW Pilot Wet Scrubber remained idle this month in a cold-standby mode. Inspections of these idled systems were conducted this month.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
INDUCED BIOCHEMICAL INTERACTIONS IN IMMATURE AND BIODEGRADED HEAVY CRUDE OILS

INDUCED BIOCHEMICAL INTERACTIONS IN IMMATURE AND BIODEGRADED HEAVY CRUDE OILS

Date: October 27, 1998
Creator: PREMUZIC,E.T.; LIN,M.S.; BOHENEK,M.; JOSHI-TOPE,G.; SHELENKOVA,L. & ZHOU,W.M.
Description: Studies in which selective chemical markers have been used to explore the mechanisms by which biocatalysts interact with heavy crude oils have shown that the biochemical reactions follow distinct trends. The term biocatalyst refers to a group of extremophilic microorganisms which, under the experimental conditions used, interact with heavy crude oils to (1) cause a redistribution of hydrocarbons, (2) cause chemical changes in oil fractions containing sulfur compounds and lower the sulfur content, (3) decrease organic nitrogen content, and (4) decrease the concentration of trace metals. Current data indicate that the overall effect is due to simultaneous reactions yielding products with relatively higher concentration of saturates and lower concentrations of aromatics and resins. The compositional changes depend on the microbial species and the chemistry of the crudes. Economic analysis of a potential technology based on the available data indicate that such a technology, used in a pre-refinery mode, may be cost efficient and promising. In the present paper, the background of oil biocatalysis and some recent results will be discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A TEST TO DEMONSTRATE A DIGITAL WEB-BASED OILFIELD DATA COLLECTION SERVICE

A TEST TO DEMONSTRATE A DIGITAL WEB-BASED OILFIELD DATA COLLECTION SERVICE

Date: September 30, 2001
Creator: Rochelle, J.
Description: The U.S. Department of Energy and HIS Energy tested a web-based field data collection service, FieldDIRECT, at NPR-3. FieldDIRECT provided a way to digitally collect oil and gas data from the field, transfer it quickly, accurately and securely via the Internet, and utilize it immediately to generate executive, operational and administrative reports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Test to Illustrate the Effects of ECOSAFE on the Movement of Oil in Contaminated Soils

A Test to Illustrate the Effects of ECOSAFE on the Movement of Oil in Contaminated Soils

Date: March 4, 2002
Creator: Jackson, L. M.
Description: An ECOSAFE{trademark} solution was tested at 1 part to 100 milliliters of de-ionized water against a control set using de-ionized water only. Each soil column received five and one-quarter treatments of either ECOSAFE{trademark} solution or de-ionized water over two and one-half days. Air was injected following saturation of the columns and leachate recovery. Soil samples were collected from each column on the final day. The total volume of water added to the Control Column was 6.150 milliliters. The laboratory homogenized 2500 ml of water and removed 75 ml of free crude oil product before analysis. Of that, 1,000 milliliters was analyzed for TPH content and 1,000 milliliters was analyzed for Diesel Range Organics using EPA Method 1664 and 8015 Modified, respectively. The sample contained 17 mg/L of TPH and 34 mg/L of Diesel Range Organics. The total volume of water added to the Test Column was 5,850 milliliters. The samples were analyzed for TPH content and Diesel Range Organics using EPA Method 1664 and 8015 Modified, respectively. The sample contained 15 mg/L of TPH and 500 mg/L of Diesel Range Organics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tucker Wireline Open Hole Wireline Logging

Tucker Wireline Open Hole Wireline Logging

Date: May 23, 2002
Creator: Milliken, M.
Description: The Tucker Wireline unit ran a suite of open hole logs right behind the RMOTC logging contractor for comparison purposes. The tools included Dual Laterolog, Phased Induction, BHC Sonic, and Density-Porosity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Task 3.14 - Demonstration of Technologies for Remote Power Generation in Alaska

Task 3.14 - Demonstration of Technologies for Remote Power Generation in Alaska

Date: June 18, 1997
Creator: Mann, Michael D.
Description: No abstract available.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Task 3.15 - Impacts of Low-N0x Combustion on Fly Ash and Slagging

Task 3.15 - Impacts of Low-N0x Combustion on Fly Ash and Slagging

Date: June 18, 1997
Creator: Zygarlicke, Christopher J.
Description: No abstract available.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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