Southern Promise and Necessity:  Texas, Regional Identity, and the National Woman Suffrage Movement, 1868-1920

Southern Promise and Necessity: Texas, Regional Identity, and the National Woman Suffrage Movement, 1868-1920

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: August 2010
Creator: Brannon-Wranosky, Jessica S.
Description: This study offers a concentrated view of how a national movement developed networks from the grassroots up and how regional identity can influence national campaign strategies by examining the roles Texas and Texans played in the woman suffrage movement in the United States. The interest that multiple generations of national woman suffrage leaders showed in Texas, from Reconstruction through the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment, provides new insights into the reciprocal nature of national movements. Increasingly, from 1868 to 1920, a bilateral flow of resources existed between national women's rights leaders and woman suffrage activists in Texas. Additionally, this study nationalizes the woman suffrage movement earlier than previously thought. Cross-regional woman suffrage activity has been marginalized by the belief that campaigning in the South did not exist or had not connected with the national associations until the 1890s. This closer examination provides a different view. Early woman's rights leaders aimed at a nationwide movement from the beginning. This national goal included the South, and woman suffrage interest soon spread to the region. One of the major factors in this relationship was that the primarily northeastern-based national leadership desperately needed southern support to aid in their larger goals. Texas' ability to ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
The Certification of Teachers in Texas

The Certification of Teachers in Texas

Date: August 1939
Creator: Lowe, Frank Jr.
Description: This study examines the developmental history of teacher's certifications in Texas as a means to highlight needed improvements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
The Religious Factor in Social Acceptance and Emotional Stability

The Religious Factor in Social Acceptance and Emotional Stability

Date: August 1939
Creator: Dailey, John T.
Description: This study examines the role that religion plays in the lives of high school children. A study conducted on Hondo, Texas high school children yielded data for the study.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
An Analysis of the Adequacy of the Health Program in Certain Texas High Schools

An Analysis of the Adequacy of the Health Program in Certain Texas High Schools

Date: June 1939
Creator: Heizer, Richmond P.
Description: This thesis examines the state of Texas high school health programs using federal standards first established seven years previously.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
An Analysis of Distribution Patterns of Amphibians and Reptiles in Texas

An Analysis of Distribution Patterns of Amphibians and Reptiles in Texas

Date: August 1969
Creator: Leonard, Cuyler Hershey
Description: The purpose of this investigation was to analyze the distribution of amphibians and reptiles in Texas by means of the methods of Webb and Hagmeier and Stults. An additional graphical analysis was made, including range and range limits which provides a cross-section of faunal change along selected base lines across the state.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
ReSource, Volume 6, Number 1, Fall 1989

ReSource, Volume 6, Number 1, Fall 1989

Date: 1989
Creator: University of North Texas
Description: ReSource magazine includes articles and notes about research at University of North Texas in various academic fields.
Contributing Partner: University Relations, Communications & Marketing department for UNT
School Consolidation Impact on State and Local Revenues and Expenditures in Texas

School Consolidation Impact on State and Local Revenues and Expenditures in Texas

Date: May 2011
Creator: Stewart, Marvin
Description: This study examined financial aspects of the consolidation or annexation of 12 pairs of school districts in Texas during the period 1996-2006. Nine of the twelve districts consolidated by mutual agreement of the two school boards and three annexations were by order of the Commissioner of Education of Texas. Financial criteria studied were: a) per pupil expenditures, b) total state aid, c) transportation costs, d) administrative costs, e) school district "wealth" status, and f) facilities assets/liabilities. Each of the initial 24 independent school districts' criteria were collected for two years prior to consolidation and the 12 newly formed consolidated districts criteria were collected for the two years following consolidation. After consolidation, ten of the twelve districts had fewer than 1,000 students. Of the other two districts, one district had approximately 3,000 students and one large district had over 150,000 students. Some districts experienced increases in local expenditures relative to transportation, administrative costs and total expenditures while other districts decreased costs over time. Twelve non-consolidated districts with similar characteristics of the twelve consolidated districts were reviewed with the non-consolidated districts exhibiting increase and decrease fluctuations seen in the consolidated school districts. These findings suggested that each of the issues studied in ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
From Stockyards to Defense Plants, the Transformation of a City: Fort Worth, Texas, and World War II

From Stockyards to Defense Plants, the Transformation of a City: Fort Worth, Texas, and World War II

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: December 2003
Creator: Pinkney, Kathryn Currie
Description: World War II represented a watershed event in the history of the United States and affected political, economic, and social systems at all levels. In particular, the war unleashed forces that caused rapid industrialization, immigration, and urbanization in two regions, the South and the West. This study examines one community's place in that experience as those forces forever altered the city of Fort Worth, Texas. Prior to World War II, Fort Worth's economy revolved around cattle, food-processing, and oil, industries that depended largely on an unskilled labor force. The Fort Worth Stockyards laid claim to the single largest workforce in the city, while manufacturing lagged far behind. After an aggressive campaign waged by city civic and business leaders, Fort Worth acquired a Consolidated Aircraft Corporation assembly plant in early 1941. The presence of that facility initiated an economic transformation that resulted in a major shift away from agriculture and toward manufacturing, particularly the aviation industry. The Consolidated plant sparked industrial development, triggered an influx of newcomers, trained a skilled workforce, and stimulated an economic recovery that lifted the city out of the Depression-era doldrums. When hostilities ended and the United States entered the Cold War period, Consolidated and the adjacent ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Nitrate, Arsenic and Selenium Concentrations in The Pecos Valley Aquifer, West Texas, USA

Nitrate, Arsenic and Selenium Concentrations in The Pecos Valley Aquifer, West Texas, USA

Date: 2010
Creator: Hudak, Paul F.
Description: This article discusses nitrate, arsenic, and selenium concentrations in the Pecos Valley Aquifer in west Texas in the context of local geology and land use.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences
Educational Performance: Texas Open Enrollment Charter High Schools Compared to Traditional Public High Schools

Educational Performance: Texas Open Enrollment Charter High Schools Compared to Traditional Public High Schools

Date: December 2012
Creator: Jackson, Nokomis “Butch,” Jr.
Description: The study examined mathematics and English student achievement, attendance rates, dropout rates, and expenditures per pupil for Texas high school students in both open-enrollment charter schools and traditional public high schools for the 2009–2010 school year. All data were assembled using archived information found at the Texas Education Agency (TEA). This information included the TEA report entitled Texas Open Enrollment Charter Schools Evaluation; TEA Snapshot Yearly Report; and Academic Excellence Indicator System (AEIS) data files. Microsoft Excel (Version 2010) was used to randomly select traditional public high schools categorized as Title 1 and non-Title 1 for comparison with Title 1 and non-Title 1 open-enrollment charter high schools. The IBM Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) (IBM Statistics Version 20) was used for a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) conducted between one independent variable (charter or traditional school) and five dependent variables (mathematics exit-level TAKS scores, English exit-level TAKS scores, attendance rates, dropout rates, and expenditures per pupil). Traditional public high school students had higher or better average mean values than charter schools for mathematics exit-level TAKS scores, English exit-level TAKS scores, attendance rates, dropout rates, and expenditures per pupil. The ANOVA found that four of the five dependent variables ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
A Silent Cry: Visualizing Data on Sex Trafficking

A Silent Cry: Visualizing Data on Sex Trafficking

Date: December 2012
Creator: Singh, Arvind Daman
Description: In this era of globalization, human trafficking is emerging as a major theme, with rapid movement of information, capital and people across international borders. Despite the red alert over the issue, the crime of human trafficking remains highly unreported even in the most developed countries like United States of America. This silence over the issue in this country can be attributed to the lack of awareness about its prevalence in our own back yard and the measures available against it. This silence is further compounded by economic, social, cultural and psychological factors. Acknowledging the need to break the silence over this globalized issue, A Silent Cry is an interdisciplinary response in the form of a documentary film. It combines the strengths of cinema and anthropology attempting to humanize the data available on the phenomena. This document contextualizes the issue dealt in the documentary and along with an insight into its production process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
In justice to our Indian allies:  The government of Texas and her Indian allies, 1836-1867.

In justice to our Indian allies: The government of Texas and her Indian allies, 1836-1867.

Date: August 2008
Creator: Yancey, William C.
Description: Traditional histories of the Texas frontier overlook a crucial component: efforts to defend Texas against Indians would have been far less successful without the contributions of Indian allies. The government of Texas tended to use smaller, nomadic bands such as the Lipan Apaches and Tonkawas as military allies. Immigrant Indian tribes such as the Shawnee and Delaware were employed primarily as scouts and interpreters. Texas, as a result of the terms of her annexation, retained a more control over Indian policy than other states. Texas also had a larger unsettled frontier region than other states. This necessitated the use of Indian allies in fighting and negotiating with hostile Indians, as well as scouting for Ranger and Army expeditions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Funds Budgeted for Educational Programs in Texas Schools during a Period of Changing Enrollment

Funds Budgeted for Educational Programs in Texas Schools during a Period of Changing Enrollment

Date: August 2008
Creator: Perry, Russ F.
Description: This study analyzes budgets of Texas school districts experiencing declining enrollments, as opposed to districts with increasing or steady enrollments. This study identifies how schools are expending funds to meet those needs while dealing with enrollment changes. A total of 924 school districts are studied. The changes in average daily attendance from 1993-1994 to 2003-2004 are used to categorize each district as having increasing, stable, or decreasing enrollments. The total dollar amount expended is compared to the total number of students in each district to determine the amount expended per student. The amounts expended for special education career and technology education, bilingual education, and compensatory education are compared to the number of students being served by those programs to determine a dollar amount that can also be compared from the 1993-1994 and 2003-2004 school years. The per-student expenditures for each educational program are compared to the overall per-student expenditures in each enrollment category (increasing, stable, decreasing). The study reveals no clear pattern of change in the comparison of overall spending to individual program spending as district enrollments fluctuated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
The Extent to Which the Parent-Teacher Association is Achieving its Objectives in the Thirteenth District of the Congress of Parents and Teachers in Texas

The Extent to Which the Parent-Teacher Association is Achieving its Objectives in the Thirteenth District of the Congress of Parents and Teachers in Texas

Date: August 1938
Creator: McAlister, Grover E.
Description: The purpose of this study is to examine the relations of the different channels of the (parent-teacher) association, the functions of the association, and the work that the thirteenth district of Texas is doing through its different channels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Survey of Practices and Procedures of the Administration of the University Interscholastic League of Texas to Determine the Educational Value of Such Procedures

Survey of Practices and Procedures of the Administration of the University Interscholastic League of Texas to Determine the Educational Value of Such Procedures

Date: August 1938
Creator: Simpson, Lee Edwin
Description: The purpose of this study was to determine the educational value of the University Interscholastic League to the school child of Texas in relation to the expenditure of time and means.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
State accountability ratings as related to district size and diversity.

State accountability ratings as related to district size and diversity.

Date: May 2008
Creator: Starrett, Teresa M.
Description: All Texas school districts were examined to determine the relationship of district size and diversity to the accountability ratings of selected Texas school districts and the implications of including all data in the accountability rating system. Eight large districts and 12 small districts were matched demographically utilizing data from the 2003-2004 school year. Information from the Texas Education Agency was accessed over 2003-2004 and 2004-2005. The ratings were found to be lowered from Recognized to Academically Acceptable with the inclusion of these groups 6 out of 20 times. These findings indicate that the Texas accountability system, in its current structure, excludes certain students based upon race and economic status and is not in compliance with what the law intended. This study should be replicated on a larger scale to assess its validity for a larger sample of small districts. Equity among states should be examined to provide information for a nationwide accountability system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Some Economical and Practical Procedures of Insuring Public School Properties in the Common School Districts of Supervisory Area Number Five of Texas

Some Economical and Practical Procedures of Insuring Public School Properties in the Common School Districts of Supervisory Area Number Five of Texas

Date: August 1939
Creator: Moore, J. D.
Description: A study to consider loss ratio on insurance policies carried by school districts in Texas. The purpose is to identify better methods for school insurance. An attempt to compare the cost of administering insurance in Texas and South Carolina.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Securing Maximum Educational Advantages by the Use of Cooperative Criteria

Securing Maximum Educational Advantages by the Use of Cooperative Criteria

Date: August 1939
Creator: Ramsey, Cecil Bion
Description: This study is an examination of the Alvarado, Texas middle school. Advantages afforded by the school building, family income level, and cooperative standards helped indicate future success.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
"Victory is Our Only Road to Peace": Texas, Wartime Morale, and Confederate Nationalism, 1860-1865

"Victory is Our Only Road to Peace": Texas, Wartime Morale, and Confederate Nationalism, 1860-1865

Date: May 2008
Creator: Lang, Andrew F.
Description: This thesis explores the impact of home front and battlefield morale on Texas's civilian and military population during the Civil War. It addresses the creation, maintenance, and eventual surrender of Confederate nationalism and identity among Texans from five different counties: Colorado, Dallas, Galveston, Harrison, and Travis. The war divided Texans into three distinct groups: civilians on the home front, soldiers serving in theaters outside of the state, and soldiers serving within Texas's borders. Different environments, experiences, and morale affected the manner in which civilians and soldiers identified with the Confederate war effort. This study relies on contemporary letters, diaries, newspaper reports, and government records to evaluate how morale influenced national dedication and loyalty to the Confederacy among various segments of Texas's population.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Wyatt Cephas Hedrick: Builder of Cities

Wyatt Cephas Hedrick: Builder of Cities

Date: May 2008
Creator: Liles, Deborah M.
Description: Wyatt Cephas Hedrick, builder and architect, was born in Virginia in 1888 and came to Texas in 1913. At his death in 1964, Hedrick's companies had managed construction projects worth more than $1.3 billion. Hedrick's architectural business designed and built edifices of all kinds, including educational facilities, hotels, military bases, railroad terminals, courthouses, and road systems. His companies built all over the United States, and in some foreign countries, but primarily in Texas. The purpose of Hedrick's structures and their architectural styles changed to accommodate historical events. This can be seen by examining many of the commissions he received during the 1920s and 1930s. Hedrick had a unique opportunity to participate in years of great change and development in Texas, and he played a vital role in the history of those times. This thesis examines the career of Wyatt C. Hedrick from his beginnings in Virginia through his years in Texas, closing in 1940. As a builder, he played a major role in changing the skylines of Texas cities, especially Fort Worth.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
A Study of Unemployment Insurance in Texas

A Study of Unemployment Insurance in Texas

Date: August 1969
Creator: Key, Charles A.
Description: This study is an attempt to provide a comprehensive review of the Texas unemployment insurance program that will yield a greater understanding of the factors that have brought the program to its present position and will give some insight into what can be done to improve the system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Embracing Equality: Texas Baptists, Social Christianity, and Civil Rights in the Twentieth Century

Embracing Equality: Texas Baptists, Social Christianity, and Civil Rights in the Twentieth Century

Date: May 2013
Creator: Davis, Joseph J.
Description: Texas Baptists in the twentieth century struggled to overcome prejudice and embrace racial equality. While historians have generally agreed that Baptist leadership in Texas was more progressive in regard to race relations than that of other southern states, Texas Baptists acquiesced to calls for racial justice with great difficulty. This study seeks to analyze the relationship between Texas Baptists' understanding of social Christianity and their views of racial equality. Furthermore, this study seeks to examine the extent to which white Texas Baptists actually changed their racial views and incorporated African Americans into their church services following the civil rights movement. An analysis of the racial transformation of one of Texas' most famous Baptists, W. A. Criswell, and the history of the Christian Life Commission, which is the ethical arm of the Baptist General Convention of Texas, provides great insight in to the racial progress made by Texas Baptists in the twentieth century. As Texas Baptists enter the twenty-first century and encounter a large and growing Hispanic population, the findings of this study will render aide to those who wish to embark on a new future by learning from the mistakes of their past.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Adapting on the Plains: the United States Army's Evolution of Mobile Warfare in Texas, 1848-1859

Adapting on the Plains: the United States Army's Evolution of Mobile Warfare in Texas, 1848-1859

Date: May 2013
Creator: Buchy, Mark B.
Description: The Army, despite having been vexed for a century on how to effectively fight the Plains Indians, ultimately defeated them only a decade after the Civil War. This thesis will bring to the forefront those individuals who adapted fighting techniques and ultimately achieved victories on the Texas frontier before the Civil War. The majority of these victories came as a result of mounted warfare under the direction of lower ranking officers in control of smaller forces. The tactic of fighting Indians from horseback was shown to be effective by the Rangers and later emulated by the Army.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Breast Implants for Graduation: A Sociological Examination of Daughter and Mother Narratives

Breast Implants for Graduation: A Sociological Examination of Daughter and Mother Narratives

Date: January 2012
Creator: Fowler, Lori Ann & Moore, Ami R.
Description: Article on a sociological examination of daughter and mother narratives.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service
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