Supreme Court Appointment Process: Roles of the President, Judiciary Committee, and Senate

Supreme Court Appointment Process: Roles of the President, Judiciary Committee, and Senate

Date: September 3, 2010
Creator: Rutkus, Denis S.
Description: This report discusses the appointment of Supreme Court Justices, including the President's selection of a nominee and process to reach confirmation in the Senate. The appointment of a Supreme Court Justice is an event of major significance in American politics. Each appointment is of consequence because of the enormous judicial power the Supreme Court exercises as the highest appellate court in the federal judiciary. Appointments are usually infrequent, as a vacancy on the nine-member Court may occur only once or twice, or never at all, during a particular President's years in office. Under the Constitution, Justices on the Supreme Court receive lifetime appointments. Such job security in the government has been conferred solely on judges and, by constitutional design, helps insure the Court's independence from the President and Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Questioning Supreme Court Nominees About Their Views on Legal or Constitutional Issues: A Recurring Issue

Questioning Supreme Court Nominees About Their Views on Legal or Constitutional Issues: A Recurring Issue

Date: June 23, 2010
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven
Description: This report discusses a recurring Senate issue regarding what kinds of questions are appropriate for Senators to pose to a Supreme Court nominee appearing at hearings before the Senate Judiciary Committee. Particularly at issue has been whether, or to what extent, questions by committee members should seek out a nominee's personal views on current legal or constitutional issues or on past Supreme Court decisions that have involved those issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominations Not Confirmed, 1789-August 2010

Supreme Court Nominations Not Confirmed, 1789-August 2010

Date: August 20, 2010
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Description: From 1789 through August 2010, Presidents submitted 160 nominations to Supreme Court positions. Of these, 36 were not confirmed by the Senate. This report provides a summary of these unsuccessful nominations and the factors that lead to them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominee Elena Kagan: Presidential Authority and the Separation of Powers

Supreme Court Nominee Elena Kagan: Presidential Authority and the Separation of Powers

Date: June 4, 2010
Creator: Tatelman, Todd B.
Description: In light of Elena Kagan's nomination to serve as an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, this report analyzes then-Professor Kagan's views of executive power and the doctrine of separation of powers as laid most extensively out in her 2001 Harvard Law Review article Presidential Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominee Elena Kagan: Selected Freedom of Speech Scholarship

Supreme Court Nominee Elena Kagan: Selected Freedom of Speech Scholarship

Date: June 18, 2010
Creator: Ruane, Kathleen Ann
Description: President Obama has nominated his Solicitor General, Elena Kagan, to be the next Supreme Court Justice. If confirmed, she would fill the seat being vacated by Justice John Paul Stevens upon his retirement at the end of the 2009/2010 term. Prior to her term as Solicitor General, Ms. Kagan, in her capacity as an academic and scholar, wrote influential pieces analyzing free speech jurisprudence. This report will explain these articles in further detail, as well as an additional, shorter piece, discussing the First Amendment implications of codes of conduct at public universities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2010

Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2010

Date: August 6, 2010
Creator: Garrett, R. S. & Rutkus, Denis S.
Description: This report provides information on the amount of time taken to act on all Supreme Court nominations occurring between 1900 and the present. It focuses on the actual amounts of time that Presidents and the Senate have taken to act (as opposed to the elapsed time between official points in the process). This report focuses on when the Senate became aware of the President's selection (e.g., via a public announcement by the President).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominations, 1789 - 2010: Actions by the Senate, the Judiciary Committee, and the President

Supreme Court Nominations, 1789 - 2010: Actions by the Senate, the Judiciary Committee, and the President

Date: August 23, 2010
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven & Bearden, Maureen
Description: This report lists and describes actions taken by the Senate, the Senate Judiciary Committee, and the President on all Supreme Court nominations, from 1789 to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominee Elena Kagan: Defamation and the First Amendment

Supreme Court Nominee Elena Kagan: Defamation and the First Amendment

Date: June 10, 2010
Creator: Liu, Edward C.
Description: This report discusses prior writings by Supreme Court nominee Elena Kagan on the interaction of defamation law and the First Amendment of the Constitution. It is based on two articles on defamation law written by Kagan during her academic career at the University of Chicago Law School and the Harvard Law School. The most recent of these articles is from 2000, and Kagan has not revisited this topic in any published writings since then. Thus, these two articles appear to represent her most extensive examination of the interaction between the First Amendment and defamation law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominations Not Confirmed, 1789-2009

Supreme Court Nominations Not Confirmed, 1789-2009

Date: May 11, 2010
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Description: From 1789 through 2009, Presidents submitted 159 nominations to Supreme Court positions. Of these, 36 were not confirmed by the Senate. This report provides a summary of these unsuccessful nominations and the factors that lead to them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Jurisprudence of Justice John Paul Stevens: Selected Federalism Issues

The Jurisprudence of Justice John Paul Stevens: Selected Federalism Issues

Date: May 19, 2010
Creator: Thomas, Kenneth R.
Description: During Justice John Paul Stevens's tenure on the Supreme Court, the Court has continued to develop its jurisprudence on these constitutional provisions in resolving tension between federal versus state authority. Justice Stevens himself has written notable opinions on a range of federalism issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Justices: Demographic Characteristics, Professional Experience, and Legal Education, 1789-2010

Supreme Court Justices: Demographic Characteristics, Professional Experience, and Legal Education, 1789-2010

Date: April 9, 2010
Creator: Navarro Smelcer, Susan
Description: This report provides an introduction of Supreme Court appointments in historical context. The report discusses the Supreme Court Justices demographic characteristics, professional background, and educational background.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2010

Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2010

Date: April 21, 2010
Creator: Garrett, R. Sam & Rutkus, Denis Steven
Description: This report provides information on the amount of time taken to act on all Supreme Court nominations occurring between 1900 and 2010. It focuses on the actual amounts of time that Presidents and the Senate have taken to act after learning about vacancies, selections, etc. (as opposed to the elapsed time between official points in the process).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Appointment Process: Roles of the President, Judiciary Committee, and Senate

Supreme Court Appointment Process: Roles of the President, Judiciary Committee, and Senate

Date: February 19, 2010
Creator: Rutkus, Denis S.
Description: This report discusses the appointment of Supreme Court Justices, including the President's selection of a nominee and process to reach confirmation in the Senate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Justices: Demographic Characteristics, Professional Experience, and Legal Education, 1789-2009

Supreme Court Justices: Demographic Characteristics, Professional Experience, and Legal Education, 1789-2009

Date: September 9, 2009
Creator: Navarro Smelcer, Susan
Description: This report provides an introduction of Supreme Court appointments in historical context. The report discusses the Supreme Court Justices demographic characteristics, professional background, and educational background.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Chief Justice of the United States: Responsibilities of the Office and Process for Appointment

The Chief Justice of the United States: Responsibilities of the Office and Process for Appointment

Date: March 17, 2005
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven & Tong, Lorraine H
Description: As part of Senate consideration, the Judiciary Committee holds hearings on the nominee and votes on whether to report the nomination favorably, unfavorably, or without recommendation. Regardless of the outcome of that vote, the reporting of a Supreme Court nomination sends it to the full Senate for debate and a vote. Like the President, Senators may evaluate the nominee by such standards as professional excellence, integrity, and leadership qualities, but may also (again, as the President is free to do) focus on the nominee's judicial philosophy, views on constitutional issues, or how they believe the appointment might affect the Court's future direction on major legal and constitutional issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2005

Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2005

Date: October 18, 2005
Creator: Garrett, R. Sam & Rutkus, Denis Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominations Not Confirmed, 1789-2004

Supreme Court Nominations Not Confirmed, 1789-2004

Date: March 21, 2005
Creator: Hogue, Henry B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Appointment Process: Roles of the President, Judiciary Committee, and Senate

Supreme Court Appointment Process: Roles of the President, Judiciary Committee, and Senate

Date: July 6, 2005
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominations, 1789 - 2009: Actions by the Senate, the Judiciary Committee, and the President

Supreme Court Nominations, 1789 - 2009: Actions by the Senate, the Judiciary Committee, and the President

Date: May 13, 2009
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven & Bearden, Maureen
Description: This report explains in detail the process of appointing Supreme Court Justices, both as it stands currently and how it has changed over the last two centuries. The report includes a table that lists and describes actions taken by the Senate, the Senate Judiciary Committee, and the President on all Supreme Court nominations, from 1789 to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominations: Senate Floor Procedure and Practice, 1789-2009

Supreme Court Nominations: Senate Floor Procedure and Practice, 1789-2009

Date: June 5, 2009
Creator: Beth, Richard S. & Palmer, Betsy
Description: This report discusses Senate procedure relating to Supreme Court nominations from 1789 to the present, but excluding the June 1, 2009 nomination of Sonia Sotomayor.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominations: Senate Floor Procedure and Practice, 1789-2011

Supreme Court Nominations: Senate Floor Procedure and Practice, 1789-2011

Date: March 11, 2011
Creator: Beth, Richard S. & Palmer, Betsy
Description: This report examines the ways in which the Senate has handled the 160 Supreme Court nominations the President has sent to the Senate. As the purpose of this report is to examine the forms taken by Senate proceedings on these 160 nominations, it treats each nomination as a separate case. It is not couched in terms of the smaller number of different individuals nominated or the ultimate outcome the confirmation process may have had for each individual.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominations, 1789-2005: Actions by the Senate, Judiciary Committee, and the President

Supreme Court Nominations, 1789-2005: Actions by the Senate, Judiciary Committee, and the President

Date: January 5, 2006
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven & Bearden, Maureen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900 - 2009

Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900 - 2009

Date: May 29, 2009
Creator: Garrett, R. Sam & Rutkus, Denis Steven
Description: This report provides information on the amount of time taken to act on all Supreme Court nominations occurring between 1900 and the present. It focuses on the actual amounts of time that Presidents and the Senate have taken to act (as opposed to the elapsed time between official points in the process). This report focuses on when the Senate became aware of the President's selection (e.g., via a public announcement by the President).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proper Scope of Questioning of Supreme Court Nominees: The Current Debate

Proper Scope of Questioning of Supreme Court Nominees: The Current Debate

Date: September 1, 2005
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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