The Chief Justice of the United States: Responsibilities of the Office and Process for Appointment

The Chief Justice of the United States: Responsibilities of the Office and Process for Appointment

Date: March 17, 2005
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven & Tong, Lorraine H
Description: As part of Senate consideration, the Judiciary Committee holds hearings on the nominee and votes on whether to report the nomination favorably, unfavorably, or without recommendation. Regardless of the outcome of that vote, the reporting of a Supreme Court nomination sends it to the full Senate for debate and a vote. Like the President, Senators may evaluate the nominee by such standards as professional excellence, integrity, and leadership qualities, but may also (again, as the President is free to do) focus on the nominee's judicial philosophy, views on constitutional issues, or how they believe the appointment might affect the Court's future direction on major legal and constitutional issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominations, 1789 - 2009: Actions by the Senate, the Judiciary Committee, and the President

Supreme Court Nominations, 1789 - 2009: Actions by the Senate, the Judiciary Committee, and the President

Date: May 13, 2009
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven & Bearden, Maureen
Description: This report explains in detail the process of appointing Supreme Court Justices, both as it stands currently and how it has changed over the last two centuries. The report includes a table that lists and describes actions taken by the Senate, the Senate Judiciary Committee, and the President on all Supreme Court nominations, from 1789 to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominations Not Confirmed, 1789-August 2010

Supreme Court Nominations Not Confirmed, 1789-August 2010

Date: August 20, 2010
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Description: From 1789 through August 2010, Presidents submitted 160 nominations to Supreme Court positions. Of these, 36 were not confirmed by the Senate. This report provides a summary of these unsuccessful nominations and the factors that lead to them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominee Elena Kagan: Presidential Authority and the Separation of Powers

Supreme Court Nominee Elena Kagan: Presidential Authority and the Separation of Powers

Date: June 4, 2010
Creator: Tatelman, Todd B.
Description: In light of Elena Kagan's nomination to serve as an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, this report analyzes then-Professor Kagan's views of executive power and the doctrine of separation of powers as laid most extensively out in her 2001 Harvard Law Review article Presidential Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
From Solicitor General to Supreme Court Nominee: Responsibilities, History, and the Nomination of Elena Kagan

From Solicitor General to Supreme Court Nominee: Responsibilities, History, and the Nomination of Elena Kagan

Date: June 23, 2010
Creator: Navarro Smelcer, Susan & Thomas, Kenneth R.
Description: This report examines both the office of the Solicitor General and the Justices who held that position before their elevation to the Court. After examining the office of the Solicitor General and its success before the Court, the report describes the professional careers of the four Justices who served as Solicitor General before joining the Court: William Howard Taft, Stanley Reed, Robert Jackson, and Thurgood Marshall. The final section of the report examines the career of Elena Kagan, noting in particular her service as Solicitor General.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominee Elena Kagan: Selected Freedom of Speech Scholarship

Supreme Court Nominee Elena Kagan: Selected Freedom of Speech Scholarship

Date: June 18, 2010
Creator: Ruane, Kathleen Ann
Description: President Obama has nominated his Solicitor General, Elena Kagan, to be the next Supreme Court Justice. If confirmed, she would fill the seat being vacated by Justice John Paul Stevens upon his retirement at the end of the 2009/2010 term. Prior to her term as Solicitor General, Ms. Kagan, in her capacity as an academic and scholar, wrote influential pieces analyzing free speech jurisprudence. This report will explain these articles in further detail, as well as an additional, shorter piece, discussing the First Amendment implications of codes of conduct at public universities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominations, 1789 - 2010: Actions by the Senate, the Judiciary Committee, and the President

Supreme Court Nominations, 1789 - 2010: Actions by the Senate, the Judiciary Committee, and the President

Date: August 23, 2010
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven & Bearden, Maureen
Description: This report lists and describes actions taken by the Senate, the Senate Judiciary Committee, and the President on all Supreme Court nominations, from 1789 to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Jurisprudence of Justice John Paul Stevens: Selected Opinions on the Jury's Role in Criminal Sentencing

The Jurisprudence of Justice John Paul Stevens: Selected Opinions on the Jury's Role in Criminal Sentencing

Date: June 7, 2010
Creator: Henning, Anna C.
Description: This report discusses Justice John Paul Stevens' opinions on the Jury's role in criminal sentencing. Justice Stevens has played a critical role in the Supreme Court's interpretation of a jury's role in criminal sentencing. In 2000, he wrote the majority opinion for the Court in Apprendi v. New Jersey, a landmark case in which the Court held that a judge typically may not increase a sentence beyond the range prescribed by statute unless the increase is based on facts determined by a jury "beyond a reasonable doubt." In 2005, he wrote one of two majority opinions in United States v. Booker, in which the Court applied the Apprendi rule to the Federal Sentencing Guidelines. In those two cases and in several other cases on this issue during the past few decades, Justice Stevens has been a leading voice, articulating a broad interpretation of the jury trial and due process rights at issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominee Elena Kagan: Defamation and the First Amendment

Supreme Court Nominee Elena Kagan: Defamation and the First Amendment

Date: June 10, 2010
Creator: Liu, Edward C.
Description: This report discusses prior writings by Supreme Court nominee Elena Kagan on the interaction of defamation law and the First Amendment of the Constitution. It is based on two articles on defamation law written by Kagan during her academic career at the University of Chicago Law School and the Harvard Law School. The most recent of these articles is from 2000, and Kagan has not revisited this topic in any published writings since then. Thus, these two articles appear to represent her most extensive examination of the interaction between the First Amendment and defamation law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Jurisprudence of Justice John Paul Stevens: Leading Opinions on the Death Penalty

The Jurisprudence of Justice John Paul Stevens: Leading Opinions on the Death Penalty

Date: May 7, 2010
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report briefly surveys decisions of retiring Justice John Paul Stevens in death penalty cases. Justice Stevens's position on the death penalty has undergone a thorough transformation during his tenure on the Court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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