The Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA): Compensation Related to Exposure to Radiation from Atomic Weapons Testing and Uranium Mining

The Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA): Compensation Related to Exposure to Radiation from Atomic Weapons Testing and Uranium Mining

Date: March 24, 2015
Creator: Szymendera, Scott D.
Description: This report discusses the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA), which provides one-time benefit payments to persons who may have developed cancer or other specified diseases after being exposed to radiation from atomic weapons testing or uranium mining, milling, or transporting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Radionuclide Concentrations in Deer and Elk from Los Alamos National Laboratory: 1991-1998

Radionuclide Concentrations in Deer and Elk from Los Alamos National Laboratory: 1991-1998

Date: December 1, 1998
Creator: Kraig, D. H.; Ferenbaugh, J. K.; Biggs, J. R.; Bennett, K. D.; Mullen, M. A. & Fresquez, P. R.
Description: Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) and Rocky Mountain elk (Cervus elaphus) forage in many areas at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) that may contain radioactivity above natural and/or worldwide fallout levels. This paper summarizes radionuclide concentrations 3H, 90Sr, 137Cs, 238Pu, 239,240Pu, 241Am, and total uranium in muscle and bone tissue of deer and elk collected from LANL lands from 1991 through 1998. Also, the committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE) and the risk of excess cancer fatalities (RECF) to people who ingest muscle and bone from deer and elk collected from LANL lands were estimated. Most radionuclide concentrations in muscle and bone from individual deer and elk collected from LANL lands were either at less than detectable quantities (where the analytical result was smaller than two counting uncertainties) and/or within upper (95%) level background (BG) concentrations. As a group, most radionuclides in muscle and bone of deer and elk from LANL lands were not significantly higher (p<0.10) than in similar tissues from deer and elk collected from BG locations. Also, elk that had been radio collared and tracked for two years and spent an average time of 50% on LANL lands were not significantly different in most radionuclides from road kill elk ...
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Closing Yucca Mountain: Litigation Associated with Attempts to Abandon the Planned Nuclear Waste Repository

Closing Yucca Mountain: Litigation Associated with Attempts to Abandon the Planned Nuclear Waste Repository

Date: June 4, 2012
Creator: Garvey, Todd
Description: Passed in 1982, the Nuclear Waste Policy Act (NWPA) was an effort to establish an explicit statutory basis for the Department of Energy (DOE) to dispose of the nation's most highly radioactive nuclear waste. Congress amended the NWPA's site selection process in 1987, however, and designated Yucca Mountain, Nevada, as the sole candidate site for the repository by terminating site specific activities at all other sites. This report discusses the Obama Administration and the DOE's steps to terminate the Yucca Mountain project, and the subsequent opposition to their efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Effects of Radiation from Fukushima Dai-ichi on the U.S. Marine Environment

Effects of Radiation from Fukushima Dai-ichi on the U.S. Marine Environment

Date: April 2, 2012
Creator: Buck, Eugene H. & Upton, Harold F.
Description: The massive Tohoku earthquake and tsunami of March 11, 2011, caused extensive damage in northeastern Japan, including damage to the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power installation, which resulted in the release of radiation. Concerns arose about the potential effects of this released radiation on the U.S. marine environment and resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Effects of Radiation from Fukushima Daiichi on the U.S. Marine Environment

Effects of Radiation from Fukushima Daiichi on the U.S. Marine Environment

Date: April 5, 2011
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.; Upton, Harold F. & Folger, Peter
Description: The massive Tohoku earthquake and tsunami of March 11, 2011, caused extensive damage in northeastern Japan, including damage to the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power installation, which resulted in the release of radiation. This report discusses concerns about the potential effects of this released radiation on the U.S. marine environment and resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Effects of Radiation from Fukushima Daiichi on the U.S. Marine Environment

Effects of Radiation from Fukushima Daiichi on the U.S. Marine Environment

Date: April 15, 2011
Creator: Buck, Eugene H. & Upton, Harold F.
Description: The massive Tohoku earthquake and tsunami of March 11, 2011, caused extensive damage in northeastern Japan, including damage to the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power installation, which resulted in the release of radiation. This report discusses concerns which have arisen about the potential effects of this released radiation on the U.S. marine environment and resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Radioactivity in the underground environment of the Cambric nuclear explosion at the Nevada Test Site

Radioactivity in the underground environment of the Cambric nuclear explosion at the Nevada Test Site

Date: July 1, 1977
Creator: Hoffman, D.C.; Stone, R. & Dudley, W.W. Jr.
Description: The experimental results obtained from investigation of the radionuclide distribution in the environment around the detonation point of the 0.75-kt nuclear test, Cambric, fired 300 m underground in alluvium at the Nevada Test Site in 1965, are presented and discussed. Analyses of sidewall cores obtained ten years later from near ground surface to below the explosion cavity showed that most of the radioactivity is still contained within solid material in the lower cavity region. Water pumped from the region of highest activity at the bottom of the cavity showed only T and {sup 90}Sr at levels higher than the recommended concentration guides for drinking water in uncontrolled areas. Recommendations for future studies are given. The investigation is part of the Radionuclide Migration Project sponsored by the Nevada Operations Office of ERDA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. Final environmental impact statement

Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. Final environmental impact statement

Date: September 1, 1977
Creator: unknown
Description: This environmental statement for the Nevada Test Site (NTS) considers underground nuclear detonations with yields of one megaton or less, along with the preparations necessary for such detonations. The testing activities considered also include other continuing and intermittent activities, both nuclear and nonnuclear, which can best be conducted in the remote and controlled area of the Nevada Test Site. These activities are listed, with emphasis on weapons testing programs which do not remain static.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, Annual Technical Progress Report of Ecological Research, June 30, 2002

Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, Annual Technical Progress Report of Ecological Research, June 30, 2002

Date: June 30, 2002
Creator: Paul M. Bertsch, (Director)
Description: The Savannah River Ecology Laboratory (SREL) is a research unit of The University of Georgia (UGA) and has been conducting ecological research on the Savannah River Site (SRS) near Aiken, South Carolina for 50 years. The overall mission of the Laboratory is to acquire and communicate knowledge of ecological processes and principles. SREL conducts fundamental and applied ecological research, as well as education and outreach programs, under a Cooperative Agreement with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The Laboratory's research mission during the 2002 fiscal year was fulfilled with the publication of 76 journal articles and book chapters by faculty, technical staff, students, and visiting scientists. An additional 50 journal articles have been submitted or are in press. Other noteworthy events took place as faculty members, staff, and graduate students received awards. These are described in the section titled Special Accomplishments of Faculty, Staff, Students, and Administration on page 51. Notable scientific accomplishments include work conducted on contaminant transport, stable isotopes, sandhills ecology, and phytoremediation: (1) A collaborative study between Dr. Tom Hinton at SREL and scientists at SRTC demonstrated the feasibility of using illite clay to sequester 137Cs in sediments along the P and R reactor cooling canal system, ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mound Laboratory plutonium study: Presentation to the scientific review panel

Mound Laboratory plutonium study: Presentation to the scientific review panel

Date: February 19, 1975
Creator: Rogers, D.R.; Westendorf, W.H. & McClain, J.R.
Description: This paper describes the Mound plutonium study. The objectives of the project were to evaluate the inventory of plutonium 238 in the environment at Mound, determine the source, and alleviate potential health hazards. Analysis of soils, water, vegetation, fishes, and runoff were performed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Road transportable analytical laboratory (RTAL) system. Quarterly report, August--October 1995

Road transportable analytical laboratory (RTAL) system. Quarterly report, August--October 1995

Date: November 1, 1995
Creator: unknown
Description: Goal is the development and demonstration of a system to meet DOE needs for rapid, accurate analysis of a wide variety of hazardous and radioactive contaminants in soil, groundwater, and surface waters. The system consists of a set of individual laboratory modules. This report documents progress on Phase II, which is a transition to Maturity Level 5, Full-Scale Demonstration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Radioactive decontamination of metals by electropolishing

Radioactive decontamination of metals by electropolishing

Date: January 25, 1949
Creator: Brodbeck, R.M. & Schommer, G.R.
Description: Prior to April 1948 the generally accepted method of reducing the radioactive contamination of metal tools and laboratory apparatus was a series of rinses in aqua regia or various other concentrated acids. This method proved unsatisfactory for three reasons. (A) It was not a dependable method of removing activity. (B) It had a delecterious effect on tools in that it caused serious pitting, which resulted in weakened parts, and exposed a bare metal that was subject to very rapid corrosion. (C) Tools and apparatus once cleaned by this method could not readily be cleaned a second time. With the aforementioned limitations in mind, it became obvious that a new method was required. After considerable investigation into a electrochemical processes the present method was developed. Essentially, the new method is an electropolish bath to remove the activity lodged in the pores of the metal, and a ``follow-up`` chrome plate bath to render the surface impassive to corrosion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Time versus concentration plots of select parameters from the groundwater monitoring program, July 1984--June 1987

Time versus concentration plots of select parameters from the groundwater monitoring program, July 1984--June 1987

Date: December 31, 1987
Creator: unknown
Description: This Report is a presentation of time versus concentration plots for results of the groundwater monitoring program conducted by the Health Protection Department. This purpose of this report is to provide a tool for interpretation of the groundwater at the sites monitored. It should be used in conjunction with the U.S. Department of Energy Savannah River Plant Environmental Report for 1984 (DPSPU-86-30-1), the U.S. Department of Energy Savannah River Plant Environmental Report for 1986 (DPSPU-86-30-1), and the quarterly reports of the groundwater monitoring program for the first two quarters of 1987 (HPR-87-158 and HPR-87-286)
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An aerial radiological survey of the Double Track Site and surrounding area. Central Nevada

An aerial radiological survey of the Double Track Site and surrounding area. Central Nevada

Date: July 1, 1995
Creator: Hendricks, T.J.
Description: An aerial radiological survey of the Double Track Site was conducted in December 1993. An interim report was issued. That report described survey procedures and presented terrestrial exposure rate and wide-area-averaged plutonium isopleth plots. This letter report presents additional plutonium plots and some ``rule-of-thumb`` calculations which should help the reader to properly interpret the data presented. Attached to this report are three isopleth plots produced from the Double Track data. No one processing method provides all the answers regarding a particular surveyed area. Where peak values are most important, isopleth {number_sign}1, created from the original unsmoothed data, is the presentation of choice. Isopleth {number_sign}2, from smoothed data, is superior for the detection of areas of widespread low-level contamination. Isopleth {number_sign}3, also smoothed data, satisfied a particular early mission goal but is not as useful for cleanup operations as the other two.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An aerial radiological survey of the Tonopah Test Range including Clean Slate 1,2,3, Roller Coaster, decontamination area, Cactus Springs Ranch target areas. Central Nevada

An aerial radiological survey of the Tonopah Test Range including Clean Slate 1,2,3, Roller Coaster, decontamination area, Cactus Springs Ranch target areas. Central Nevada

Date: August 1, 1995
Creator: Proctor, A.E. & Hendricks, T.J.
Description: An aerial radiological survey was conducted of major sections of the Tonopah Test Range (TTR) in central Nevada from August through October 1993. The survey consisted of aerial measurements of both natural and man-made gamma radiation emanating from the terrestrial surface. The initial purpose of the survey was to locate depleted uranium (detecting {sup 238}U) from projectiles which had impacted on the TTR. The examination of areas near Cactus Springs Ranch (located near the western boundary of the TTR) and an animal burial area near the Double Track site were secondary objectives. When more widespread than expected {sup 241}Am contamination was found around the Clean Slates sites, the survey was expanded to cover the area surrounding the Clean Slates and also the Double Track site. Results are reported as radiation isopleths superimposed on aerial photographs of the area.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monthly health information report, August 1--31, 1948

Monthly health information report, August 1--31, 1948

Date: December 31, 1948
Creator: Bradley, J.E.
Description: This document presents details about health concerns resulting from the activities of the Mound Laboratory during the month of August 1948.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monthly information health report, March 1--31, 1948

Monthly information health report, March 1--31, 1948

Date: December 31, 1948
Creator: Miller, R.A.
Description: This document presents details about health concerns resulting from the activities of the Mound Laboratory during the month of March 1948.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Final report: Accelerated beta decay for disposal of fission fragment wastes

Final report: Accelerated beta decay for disposal of fission fragment wastes

Date: March 6, 2000
Creator: Reiss, Howard R.
Description: The fundamental theory of the interaction of intense, low-frequency electromagnetic fields with certain radioactive nuclei has been fully formulated. The nuclei are of the type that exists in high-level radioactive wastes that are end products of the production of energy from nuclear fission. The basic physical mechanisms that underlie the coupling of the applied field to the nucleus have been identified. Both the basic theory and numerical predictions that stem from it support the conclusion that high-level radioactive wastes can be disposed of by substantially accelerating the rate of radioactive decay. Some old experiments on the acceleration of this type of radioactivity, with results that were not understood at the time, have been re-examined. Their interpretation is now clear, and the experiments are found to be in agreement with the theory.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Summary of proposed approach for deriving cleanup guidelines for radionuclides in soil at Brookhaven National Laboratory

Summary of proposed approach for deriving cleanup guidelines for radionuclides in soil at Brookhaven National Laboratory

Date: November 1, 1996
Creator: Meinhold, A.F.; Morris, S.C.; Dionne, B. & Moskowitz, P.D.
Description: Past activities at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) resulted in soil and groundwater contamination. As a result, BNL was designated a Superfund site under the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA). BNL`s Office of Environmental Restoration (OER) is overseeing environmental restoration activities at the Laboratory, carried out under an Interagency Agreement (IAG) with the United States Department of Energy (DOE), the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC). The objective of this paper is to propose a standard approach to deriving risk-based cleanup guidelines for radionuclides in soil at BNL.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Capabilities of the DOE Remote Sensing Laboratory`s aerial measuring system

Capabilities of the DOE Remote Sensing Laboratory`s aerial measuring system

Date: September 1, 1995
Creator: Riedhauser, S.R.
Description: This report describes the capabilities of the Remote Sensing Laboratory`s aircraft for use in environmental radiation surveys, multispectral (visible, near infrared, and thermal infrared) surveys of vegetation and buildings, and photographic documentation of the areas covered by the two other surveys. The report discusses the technical capabilities of the various systems and presents examples of the data from a recent demonstration survey. To provide a view of the types of surveys the Remote Sensing Laboratory has conducted in the past, the appendices describe several of the previous area surveys and emergency search surveys.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ALPHA WASTE MINIMIZATION IN TERMS OF VOLUME AND RADIOACTIVITY AT COGEMA'S MELOX AND LA HAGUE PLANTS

ALPHA WASTE MINIMIZATION IN TERMS OF VOLUME AND RADIOACTIVITY AT COGEMA'S MELOX AND LA HAGUE PLANTS

Date: February 27, 2003
Creator: ARSLAN, M.; DUMONT, J.C.; LONDRES, V. & PONCELET, F.J.
Description: This paper describes the management of alpha waste that cannot be stored in surface repositories under current French regulations. The aim of the paper is to provide an overview of COGEMA's Integrated Waste Management Strategy. The topics discussed include primary waste minimization, from facility design to operating feedback; primary waste management by the plant operator, including waste characterization; waste treatment options that led to building waste treatment industrial facilities for plutonium decontamination, compaction and cement solidification; and optimization of industrial tools, which is strongly influenced by safety and financial considerations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Corrosion of Spent Nuclear Fuel: The Long-Term Assessment

Corrosion of Spent Nuclear Fuel: The Long-Term Assessment

Date: October 7, 2004
Creator: Ewing, Rodney C.
Description: Spent nuclear fuel, essentially U{sub 2}, accounts for over 95% of the total radioactivity of all of the radioactive wastes in the United States that require disposal, disposition or remediation. The UO{sub 2} in SNF is not stable under oxiding conditions and may also be altered under reducing conditions. The alteration of SNF results in the formation of new uranium phases that can cause the release or retardation of actinide and fission product radionuclides. Over the long term, and depending on the extent to which the secondary uranium phases incorporate fission products and actinides, these alteration phases become the near-field source term.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Activation of materials proposed for use in superconducting linac applications

Activation of materials proposed for use in superconducting linac applications

Date: January 1, 1998
Creator: Hanson, A.L.; Snead, C.L.; Greene, G.A.; Chan, K.C.D. & Safa, H.
Description: Samples of construction materials proposed for use in both superconducting and conventional high-power linear accelerators have been activated with 800 and 2,000 MeV protons to study the decay characteristics of these activated materials. Irradiation times ranged from 10 minutes to 18.67 hours. The decay characteristics of these activated materials were measured and compared to calculated decay curves based on simplified assumptions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
After-action summary for handshake one

After-action summary for handshake one

Date: October 1, 1995
Creator: Hopkins, R.C.
Description: The Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center (FRMAC) conducted a three day training drill May 17 through May 19, 1994 at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The drill was designed to provide training to field monitors and data assessors who would respond to a major radiological emergency. The drill was named ``HANDSHAKE ONE`` to symbolize the strong FRMAC relationship between the federal and state radiological agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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