U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress

U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 6, 2014
Creator: Frittelli, John; Parfomak, Paul W.; Ramseur, Jonathan L.; Andrews, Anthony; Pirog, Robert & Ratner, Michael
Description: This report discusses the challenges in the transportation of oil, as refineries that once received crude oil principally from oceangoing tankers are now seeing increasing deliveries by domestic transport. It also outlines possible issues for Congress including rail transport of oil versus pipelines, and the possible increase of oil spills from rail transport.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Keystone XL Pipeline Project: Key Issues

Keystone XL Pipeline Project: Key Issues

Date: December 2, 2013
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W.; Pirog, Robert; Luther, Linda & Vann, Adam
Description: This report describes the Keystone XL pipeline proposal and the process required for federal approval. It summarizes key arguments for and against the pipeline put forth by the pipeline's developers, federal agencies, environmental groups, and other stakeholders. The report discusses potential consistency challenges faced by the State Department in reviewing the pipeline application given its recent prior approvals of similar pipeline projects. Finally, the report reviews the constitutional basis for the State Department's authority to issue a Presidential Permit, and opponents' possible challenges to this authority.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Northeast Heating Oil Supply, Demand, and Factors Affecting Its Use

The Northeast Heating Oil Supply, Demand, and Factors Affecting Its Use

Date: April 28, 2014
Creator: Andrews, Anthony & Perl, Libby
Description: This report discusses the United States' exports and imports of refined petroleum products and a number of factors that may contribute to the nation's declining demand for heating oil.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress

U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 5, 2014
Creator: Frittelli, John; Parfomak, Paul W.; Ramseur, Jonathan L.; Andrews, Anthony; Pirog, Robert & Ratner, Michael
Description: This report discusses the challenges in the transportation of oil, as refineries that once received crude oil principally from oceangoing tankers are now seeing increasing deliveries by domestic transport. It also outlines possible issues for Congress including rail transport of oil versus pipelines, and the possible increase of oil spills from rail transport.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Recent Activities and Ongoing Developments

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Recent Activities and Ongoing Developments

Date: May 12, 2014
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L. & Hagerty, Curry L.
Description: This report provides a summary update of selected issues related to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Disaster: Risk, Recovery, and Insurance Implications

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Disaster: Risk, Recovery, and Insurance Implications

Date: July 12, 2010
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report begins with a review of the Deepwater Horizon incident and identifies the limits of liability facing the operators of offshore oil rigs. The next two sections of the report examine risk management in the offshore energy exploration and production business, the scope of the oil spill financial responsibility and insurance requirements, and the marine insurance industry that offers specialized coverage for offshore oil and gas firms. The fourth section outlines the various approaches to compensating oil pollution victims, including compensation funds, commercial insurance, federal disaster assistance, and tort law. The report concludes with a discussion of four specific policy issue consideration for Congress, including new liability limits and insurance capacity, future insurability of offshore oil spill perils, availability of insurance, and the potential effects on domestic offshore energy production.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Outer Continental Shelf Moratoria on Oil and Gas Development

Outer Continental Shelf Moratoria on Oil and Gas Development

Date: June 15, 2010
Creator: Hagerty, Curry L.
Description: This report discusses moratoria measures for the outer continental shelf (OCS) which establish bans or restrictions on oil and gas exploration and development in federal ocean areas. It includes a background of offshore oil and gas development, the sources of U.S. moratorium policy, the background of ocean governance, U.S. moratoria in international areas, and related issues for congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: The Fate of the Oil

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: The Fate of the Oil

Date: December 16, 2010
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report highlights actions taken and issues raised as a result of the April 20, 2010, explosion on the Deepwater Horizon offshore drilling rig, and the resulting oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Selected Issues for Congress

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Selected Issues for Congress

Date: May 27, 2010
Creator: Hagerty, Curry L. & Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: On April 20, 2010, an explosion and fire occurred on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico. This resulted in 11 worker fatalities, a massive oil release, and a national response effort in the Gulf of Mexico region by the federal and state governments as well as BP. This report provides an overview of selected issues related to the Deepwater Horizon incident and is not intended to be comprehensive.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: The Fate of the Oil

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: The Fate of the Oil

Date: January 5, 2011
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report discusses factors that impact an oil spill's fate, and the federal government's oil budget estimates. The report provides figures on flow rate estimates during response, fate of oil in a marine environment, federal government's oil budget, etc.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Selected Issues for Congress

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Selected Issues for Congress

Date: June 18, 2010
Creator: Hagerty, Curry L. & Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: On April 20, 2010, an explosion and fire occurred on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico. This resulted in 11 worker fatalities, a massive oil release, and a national response effort in the Gulf of Mexico region by the federal and state governments as well as BP. This report provides an overview of selected issues related to the Deepwater Horizon incident and is not intended to be comprehensive.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Selected Issues for Congress

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Selected Issues for Congress

Date: July 15, 2010
Creator: Hagerty, Curry L. & Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: On April 20, 2010, an explosion and fire occurred on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico. This resulted in 11 worker fatalities, a massive oil release, and a national response effort in the Gulf of Mexico region by the federal and state governments as well as BP. Based on estimates from the Flow Rate Technical Group, which is led by the U.S. Geological Survey, the 2010 Gulf spill has become the largest oil spill in U.S. waters. The oil spill has damaged natural resources and has had regional economic impacts. In addition, questions have been raised as to whether offshore regulation of oil exploration has kept pace with the increasingly complex technologies needed to explore and develop deeper waters. This report provides an initial overview of Deepwater Horizon-related issues for Congress, and refers readers to in-depth CRS reports on specific issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress

U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: December 4, 2014
Creator: Frittelli, John; Andrews, Anthony; Parfomak, Paul W.; Pirog, Robert; Ramseur, Jonathan L. & Ratner, Michael
Description: This report discusses the challenges in the transportation of oil, as refineries that once received crude oil principally from oceangoing tankers are now seeing increasing deliveries by domestic transport. It also outlines possible issues for Congress including rail transport of oil versus pipelines, and the possible increase of oil spills from rail transport.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline Prices: Causes of Increases and Congressional Response

Gasoline Prices: Causes of Increases and Congressional Response

Date: September 25, 2008
Creator: Behrens, Carl E. & Glover, Carol
Description: This report, after analyzing factors that have contributed to high gasoline prices, describes the major legislative initiatives and discusses the issues involved.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline Prices: Causes of Increases and Congressional Response

Gasoline Prices: Causes of Increases and Congressional Response

Date: July 31, 2008
Creator: Behrens, Carl E. & Glover, Carol
Description: This report, after analyzing factors that have contributed to high gasoline prices, describes the major legislative initiatives and discusses the issues involved.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil Sands and the Keystone XL Pipeline: Background and Selected Environmental Issues

Oil Sands and the Keystone XL Pipeline: Background and Selected Environmental Issues

Date: February 21, 2013
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.; Lattanzio, Richard K.; Luther, Linda; Parfomak, Paul W. & Carter, Nicole T.
Description: This report focuses on selected environmental concerns raised in conjunction with the proposed pipeline and the oil sands crude it will transport. As such, the environmental issues discussed in this report do not represent an exhaustive list of concerns raised by environmental groups.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Outer Continental Shelf Moratoria on Oil and Gas Development

Outer Continental Shelf Moratoria on Oil and Gas Development

Date: April 7, 2010
Creator: Hagerty, Curry L.
Description: This report discusses moratoria measures for the outer continental shelf (OCS) which establish bans or restrictions on oil and gas exploration and development in federal ocean areas. It includes a background of offshore oil and gas development, the sources of U.S. moratorium policy, the background of ocean governance, U.S. moratoria in international areas, and related issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Offshore Oil and Gas Resources: Prospects and Processes

U.S. Offshore Oil and Gas Resources: Prospects and Processes

Date: April 26, 2010
Creator: Humphries, Marc & Pirog, Robert
Description: This report examines questions around lifting the moratoria on Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) exploration and production and the significance of the change on U.S. oil and natural gas supplies and markets. The report presents the current U.S. oil and gas supply-and-demand picture and provides a discussion of legislative issues, resource assessments, the leasing system, and environmental and social issues associated with offshore oil and gas development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Outer Continental Shelf Moratoria on Oil and Gas Development

Outer Continental Shelf Moratoria on Oil and Gas Development

Date: March 23, 2010
Creator: Hagerty, Curry L.
Description: This report discusses moratoria measures for the outer continental shelf (OCS) which establish bans or restrictions on oil and gas exploration and development in federal ocean areas. It includes a background of offshore oil and gas development, the sources of U.S. moratorium policy, the background of ocean governance, U.S. moratoria in international areas, and related issues for congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ethanol Imports and the Caribbean Basin Initiative

Ethanol Imports and the Caribbean Basin Initiative

Date: March 18, 2008
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report discusses the fuel ethanol consumption that has grown significantly in the past several years. The report describes the standard that requires U.S. transportation fuels to contain a minimum amount of renewable fuel, including ethanol.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Performance of the Major Oil Companies, 2007-2011

Financial Performance of the Major Oil Companies, 2007-2011

Date: February 17, 2012
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: Periods of rising oil prices can result in reduced economic growth, rising prices, and reduced disposable incomes for consumers, as well as a deteriorating trade balance. For the oil industry, periods of high oil prices generally imply increasing cash flows and higher profits. Although the U.S. oil industry is composed of many firms, to many the face of the oil industry is represented by the five major firms operating extensively in the U.S. market. These firms are ExxonMobil, Chevron, BP plc, Royal Dutch Shell plc, and ConocoPhillips. During the period 2007 to 2011, the five major companies' upstream activities of exploration and production contributed more to the total profitability of the firms than the downstream activities of refining and marketing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Iran Sanctions Act (ISA)

The Iran Sanctions Act (ISA)

Date: June 4, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the increasing international pressure on Iran to curb its nuclear program and how that pressure discourages foreign firms from investing in Iran's energy sector, hindering Iran's efforts to expand oil production. This report discusses the history and progress of the formal U.S. effort to curb energy investment in Iran, which began with the Iran Sanctions Act (ISA) in 1996. This report also discusses U.S. concerns that other nations, e.g., U.S. allies, Russia, and China, are not as strict with their economic sanctions against Iran, and how U.S. policymakers are combating this reticence with various pieces of legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline Prices: Causes of Increases and Congressional Response

Gasoline Prices: Causes of Increases and Congressional Response

Date: September 25, 2008
Creator: Behrens, Carl E. & Glover, Carol
Description: This report, after analyzing factors that have contributed to high gasoline prices, describes the major legislative initiatives and discusses the issues involved.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline Prices: Causes of Increases and Congressional Response

Gasoline Prices: Causes of Increases and Congressional Response

Date: September 8, 2008
Creator: Behrens, Carl E. & Glover, Carol
Description: This report, after analyzing factors that have contributed to high gasoline prices, describes the major legislative initiatives and discusses the issues involved.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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