U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress

U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 6, 2014
Creator: Frittelli, John; Parfomak, Paul W.; Ramseur, Jonathan L.; Andrews, Anthony; Pirog, Robert & Ratner, Michael
Description: This report discusses the challenges in the transportation of oil, as refineries that once received crude oil principally from oceangoing tankers are now seeing increasing deliveries by domestic transport. It also outlines possible issues for Congress including rail transport of oil versus pipelines, and the possible increase of oil spills from rail transport.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Crude Oil Export Policy: Background and Considerations

U.S. Crude Oil Export Policy: Background and Considerations

Date: March 26, 2014
Creator: Brown, Phillip; Pirog, Robert; Vann, Adam; Fergusson, Ian F.; Ratner, Michael & Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report provides background and context about the crude oil legal and regulatory framework, discusses motivations that underlie the desire to export U.S. crude oil, and presents analysis of issues that Congress may choose to consider during debate about U.S. crude oil export policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress

U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 5, 2014
Creator: Frittelli, John; Parfomak, Paul W.; Ramseur, Jonathan L.; Andrews, Anthony; Pirog, Robert & Ratner, Michael
Description: This report discusses the challenges in the transportation of oil, as refineries that once received crude oil principally from oceangoing tankers are now seeing increasing deliveries by domestic transport. It also outlines possible issues for Congress including rail transport of oil versus pipelines, and the possible increase of oil spills from rail transport.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Recent Activities and Ongoing Developments

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Recent Activities and Ongoing Developments

Date: May 12, 2014
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L. & Hagerty, Curry L.
Description: This report provides a summary update of selected issues related to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Coastal Wetland and Wildlife Impacts and Response

The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Coastal Wetland and Wildlife Impacts and Response

Date: August 5, 2010
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne & Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report addresses the importance of wetlands in general, the ecology of the coastal wetlands in the Gulf, impacts of oil spills on wetland habitats, response options, the implications of hurricane season for the spill's impacts, and cleanup and recovery issues.3 The emphasis is on the nearshore environment, though a few species found in deeper waters will be mentioned. In addition, some lessons from past spills such as the Exxon Valdez in Alaska will be discussed along with issues that may arise in the years after the leak from the deepwater well is capped.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Disaster: Risk, Recovery, and Insurance Implications

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Disaster: Risk, Recovery, and Insurance Implications

Date: July 12, 2010
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report begins with a review of the Deepwater Horizon incident and identifies the limits of liability facing the operators of offshore oil rigs. The next two sections of the report examine risk management in the offshore energy exploration and production business, the scope of the oil spill financial responsibility and insurance requirements, and the marine insurance industry that offers specialized coverage for offshore oil and gas firms. The fourth section outlines the various approaches to compensating oil pollution victims, including compensation funds, commercial insurance, federal disaster assistance, and tort law. The report concludes with a discussion of four specific policy issue consideration for Congress, including new liability limits and insurance capacity, future insurability of offshore oil spill perils, availability of insurance, and the potential effects on domestic offshore energy production.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Civil and Criminal Penalties Possibly Applicable to Parties Responsible for the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill

Federal Civil and Criminal Penalties Possibly Applicable to Parties Responsible for the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill

Date: December 16, 2010
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: The Deepwater Horizon oil spill that began on April 20, 2010 lead Congress to give attention to the compensatory liability provisions of the Oil Pollution Act and, to a lesser extent, those of the Jones Act and the Death on the High Seas Act. However, federal laws possibly relevant to the oil spill also impose civil and criminal money penalties, which may reach dollar amounts in connection with the Gulf spill greater than those for compensatory liability. This report summarizes selected federal civil and criminal penalty provisions that may be found violated in connection with the Gulf spill and related worker fatalities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Coastal Wetland and Wildlife Impacts and Response

The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Coastal Wetland and Wildlife Impacts and Response

Date: July 7, 2010
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne & Copeland, Claudia
Description: The explosion of the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico on April 20, 2010, and the resulting oil spill began a cascade of effects on the coastal areas of the Gulf and on the wealth of species that inhabit those areas. This report addresses the importance of wetlands in general, the ecology of the coastal wetlands in the Gulf, impacts of oil spills on wetland habitats, response options, the implications of hurricane season for the spill's impacts, and cleanup and recovery issues. The emphasis is on the nearshore environment, although a few species found in deeper waters will be mentioned. In addition, some lessons from past spills such as the Exxon Valdez in Alaska will be discussed, along with issues that may arise as response and recovery transition to restoration of the Gulf.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Highlighted Actions and Issues

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Highlighted Actions and Issues

Date: September 13, 2010
Creator: Hagerty, Curry L. & Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report highlights actions taken and issues raised as a result of the April 20, 2010, explosion on the Deepwater Horizon offshore drilling rig, and the resulting oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Readers can access more extensive discussions in various CRS reports, identified at the end of this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: The Fate of the Oil

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: The Fate of the Oil

Date: December 16, 2010
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report highlights actions taken and issues raised as a result of the April 20, 2010, explosion on the Deepwater Horizon offshore drilling rig, and the resulting oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2010 Oil Spill: Natural Resource Damage Assessment Under the Oil Pollution Act

The 2010 Oil Spill: Natural Resource Damage Assessment Under the Oil Pollution Act

Date: September 8, 2010
Creator: Alexander, Kristina
Description: The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill leaked an estimated 4.1 million barrels of oil into the Gulf of Mexico, damaging the waters, shores, and marshes, and the fish and wildlife that live there. When resources in the public trust are harmed by contamination, federal, state, foreign, and tribal governments may seek compensation for damage to natural resources under certain laws. This is done in two steps: first, by assessing the harm; then, by determining how and what restoration will take place. Compensation for natural resource damage is intended to restore the natural resources to their condition before the damage and to compensate the public for the lost use of those resources. This report discusses legislation that provides a framework for assessing and mitigating the damage caused by such spills.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Selected Issues for Congress

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Selected Issues for Congress

Date: May 27, 2010
Creator: Hagerty, Curry L. & Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: On April 20, 2010, an explosion and fire occurred on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico. This resulted in 11 worker fatalities, a massive oil release, and a national response effort in the Gulf of Mexico region by the federal and state governments as well as BP. This report provides an overview of selected issues related to the Deepwater Horizon incident and is not intended to be comprehensive.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: The Fate of the Oil

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: The Fate of the Oil

Date: January 5, 2011
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report discusses factors that impact an oil spill's fate, and the federal government's oil budget estimates. The report provides figures on flow rate estimates during response, fate of oil in a marine environment, federal government's oil budget, etc.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Issues and the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill: Legal Analysis of Payments and Tax Relief Policy Options

Tax Issues and the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill: Legal Analysis of Payments and Tax Relief Policy Options

Date: July 15, 2010
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.; Lunder, Erika K.; Liu, Edward C. & Klein, Heather S.
Description: This report provides analysis of various policy options for providing tax relief to oil spill victims, highlighting the circumstantial differences between previous natural disasters and the current oil spill. The report concludes with a brief summary of current legislative efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Selected Issues for Congress

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Selected Issues for Congress

Date: June 18, 2010
Creator: Hagerty, Curry L. & Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: On April 20, 2010, an explosion and fire occurred on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico. This resulted in 11 worker fatalities, a massive oil release, and a national response effort in the Gulf of Mexico region by the federal and state governments as well as BP. This report provides an overview of selected issues related to the Deepwater Horizon incident and is not intended to be comprehensive.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Selected Issues for Congress

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Selected Issues for Congress

Date: July 15, 2010
Creator: Hagerty, Curry L. & Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: On April 20, 2010, an explosion and fire occurred on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico. This resulted in 11 worker fatalities, a massive oil release, and a national response effort in the Gulf of Mexico region by the federal and state governments as well as BP. Based on estimates from the Flow Rate Technical Group, which is led by the U.S. Geological Survey, the 2010 Gulf spill has become the largest oil spill in U.S. waters. The oil spill has damaged natural resources and has had regional economic impacts. In addition, questions have been raised as to whether offshore regulation of oil exploration has kept pace with the increasingly complex technologies needed to explore and develop deeper waters. This report provides an initial overview of Deepwater Horizon-related issues for Congress, and refers readers to in-depth CRS reports on specific issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Selected Issues for Congress

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Selected Issues for Congress

Date: July 30, 2010
Creator: Hagerty, Curry L. & Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report summarizes provisions of selected legislation - enacted and proposed - that address oil spill policy issues raised after the April 20, 2010, explosion and resulting oil spill at the Deepwater Horizon drilling platform in the Gulf of Mexico. This report focuses primarily on oil spill policy matters that concern prevention, preparedness, response, and the liability and compensation framework.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2010 Oil Spill: Criminal Liability Under Wildlife Laws

The 2010 Oil Spill: Criminal Liability Under Wildlife Laws

Date: June 28, 2010
Creator: Alexander, Kristina
Description: In April 2010 an explosion occurred on an oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico, reportedly killing 11 people, and, according to federal experts, causing the worst oil spill in U.S. history. Millions of barrels of oil are believed to have leaked into the Gulf of Mexico. As the oil spreads, the implications for harm to wildlife grow. The United States has many laws that protect wildlife from harm. This report discusses three: the Endangered Species Act, the Marine Mammal Protection Act, and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress

U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: December 4, 2014
Creator: Frittelli, John; Andrews, Anthony; Parfomak, Paul W.; Pirog, Robert; Ramseur, Jonathan L. & Ratner, Michael
Description: This report discusses the challenges in the transportation of oil, as refineries that once received crude oil principally from oceangoing tankers are now seeing increasing deliveries by domestic transport. It also outlines possible issues for Congress including rail transport of oil versus pipelines, and the possible increase of oil spills from rail transport.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil Spills in U.S. Coastal Waters: Background, Governance, and Issues for Congress

Oil Spills in U.S. Coastal Waters: Background, Governance, and Issues for Congress

Date: September 2, 2008
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report focuses on oil spills in U.S. coastal waters. The first section highlights background issues, including oil spill statistics and potential environmental impacts. The second section discusses the legal framework that governs oil spill prevention and response. The third section examines the threat of future oil spills in coastal waters and whether response personnel are prepared to respond to a major spill. The final section highlights recent legislative activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Crude Oil Export Policy: Background and Considerations

U.S. Crude Oil Export Policy: Background and Considerations

Date: December 31, 2014
Creator: Brown, Phillip; Pirog, Robert; Vann, Adam; Fergusson, Ian F.; Ratner, Michael & Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: The crude oil export policy debate has multiple dimensions and complexities. As U.S. light tight oil (LTO) production has increased--along with additional oil supply from Canada--certain challenges have emerged that affect some oil producers and refiners. While the economic arguments both for and against U.S. crude oil exports are quite complex and dynamic, there are some fundamental concepts and issues that may be worth considering during debate about exporting U.S. crude oil. This report provides background and context about the crude oil legal and regulatory framework, discusses motivations that underlie the desire to export U.S. crude oil, and presents analysis of issues that Congress may choose to consider during debate about U.S. crude oil export policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil Spills in U.S. Coastal Waters: Background, Governance, and Issues for Congress

Oil Spills in U.S. Coastal Waters: Background, Governance, and Issues for Congress

Date: April 30, 2010
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report focuses on oil spills in U.S. coastal waters. The first section highlights background issues, including oil spill statistics and potential environmental impacts. The second section discusses the legal framework that governs oil spill prevention and response. The third section examines the threat of future oil spills in coastal waters and whether response personnel are prepared to respond to a major spill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil Sands and the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund: The Definition of "Oil" and Related Issues for Congress

Oil Sands and the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund: The Definition of "Oil" and Related Issues for Congress

Date: January 22, 2015
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report provides background on oil sands resources, followed by a discussion of the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund (OSLTF), including authorized uses and revenue sources; the scope of oil subject to the per-barrel tax (that funds the OSLTF) versus the scope of oil that triggers activities under the Oil Pollution Act; and relevant legislative activities of the 113th and 114th Congresses. The final section offers concluding observations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Activities of the U.S. Coast Guard

Environmental Activities of the U.S. Coast Guard

Date: May 22, 2008
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report discusses the U.S. Coast Guard's (USCG's) environmental activities, which focus on the prevention of oil spills and pollution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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