Expedited Removal Authority for VA Senior Executives (38 U.S.C. § 713): Selected Legal Issues

Expedited Removal Authority for VA Senior Executives (38 U.S.C. § 713): Selected Legal Issues

Date: August 21, 2015
Creator: Nicola, Thomas J.
Description: This report discusses selected legal issues relating to the authority for summary removal of individuals in senior executive positions at the Department of Veterans Affairs. Section 707 of the Veterans Access, Choice, and Accountability Act, P.L. 113-146, enacted on August 7, 2014, created this authority by adding Section 713 to Title 38 of the United States Code. It authorizes the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to remove an individual in a senior executive position from federal service or transfer him or her to a position in the General Schedule if the Secretary determines that the individual's performance or misconduct warrants removal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Expedited Removal Authority for VA Senior Executives (38 U.S.C. § 713): Selected Legal Issues

Expedited Removal Authority for VA Senior Executives (38 U.S.C. § 713): Selected Legal Issues

Date: November 10, 2015
Creator: Nicola, Thomas J.
Description: This report discusses selected legal issues relating to the authority for summary removal of individuals in senior executive positions at the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Expedited Removal Authority for VA Senior Executives (38 U.S.C. § 713): Selected Legal Issues

Expedited Removal Authority for VA Senior Executives (38 U.S.C. § 713): Selected Legal Issues

Date: March 4, 2016
Creator: Nicola, Thomas J.
Description: This report discusses selected legal issues relating to the authority for summary removal of individuals in senior executive positions at the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Reform: Legal Analysis of Social Security Benefit Entitlement Issues

Social Security Reform: Legal Analysis of Social Security Benefit Entitlement Issues

Date: July 7, 2013
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S. & Nicola, Thomas J.
Description: This report addresses selected legal issues which may be raised regarding entitlement to Social Security benefits as Congress considers possible changes to the Social Security program, and in view of projected long-range shortfalls in the Social Security Trust Funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Reform: Legal Analysis of Social Security Benefit Entitlement Issues

Social Security Reform: Legal Analysis of Social Security Benefit Entitlement Issues

Date: September 17, 2014
Creator: Lanza, Emily M. & Nicola, Thomas J.
Description: This report addresses selected legal issues that may be raised regarding entitlement to Social Security benefits as Congress considers possible changes to the Social Security program in view of projected long-range shortfalls in the Social Security Trust Funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
9/11 Commission Recommendations: Intelligence Budget

9/11 Commission Recommendations: Intelligence Budget

Date: September 27, 2004
Creator: Nicola, Thomas J.
Description: This report identifies the main recommendations of the 9/11 Commission with respect to the intelligence budget. This report also describes the intelligence budget process under current law to explain the effect of these recommendations and presents the current budget authorities of the Director of Central Intelligence, as well as budget provisions in two bills, S. 2774 and H.R. 5040, that include all Commission recommendations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Line Item Veto Act Unconstitutional:

Line Item Veto Act Unconstitutional:

Date: August 18, 1998
Creator: Nicola, Thomas J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security and Labor-Management Relations: NTEU v. Chertoff

Homeland Security and Labor-Management Relations: NTEU v. Chertoff

Date: August 14, 2006
Creator: Nicola, Thomas J. & Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: This report examines the opinions of the district court and court of appeals in National Treasury Employees Union (“NTEU”) v. Chertof.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Authority to Limit Military Operations

Congressional Authority to Limit Military Operations

Date: September 8, 2011
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.; Garcia, Michael John & Nicola, Thomas J.
Description: This report begins by discussing constitutional provisions allocating war powers between Congress and the President, and presenting a historical overview of relevant court cases. It considers Congress's constitutional authority to end a military conflict via legislative action. The report discusses Congress's ability to limit funding for U.S. participation in hostilities, examining relevant court cases and prior measures taken by Congress to restrict military operations, as well as possible alternative avenues to fund these activities in the event that appropriations are cut. The report then provides historical examples of measures that restrict the use of particular personnel, and concludes with a brief analysis of arguments that might be brought to bear on the question of Congress's authority to limit the availability of troops to serve in ongoing military operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reaching the Debt Limit: Background and Potential Effects on Government Operations

Reaching the Debt Limit: Background and Potential Effects on Government Operations

Date: May 18, 2011
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.; Brass, Clinton T. & Nicola, Thomas J.
Description: The gross federal debt, which represents the federal government's total outstanding debt, consists of two types of debt: (1) debt held by the public and (2) debt held in government accounts, also known as intragovernmental debt. Federal government borrowing increases for two primary reasons: (1) budget deficits and (2) investments of any federal government account surpluses in Treasury securities, as required by law. Nearly all of this debt is subject to the statutory limit. The federal debt limit currently stands at $14,294 billion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reaching the Debt Limit: Background and Potential Effects on Government Operations

Reaching the Debt Limit: Background and Potential Effects on Government Operations

Date: November 21, 2013
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.; Brass, Clinton T.; Nicola, Thomas J. & Nuschler, Dawn
Description: This report examines the possibility of the federal government reaching its statutory debt limit and not raising it, with a particular focus on government operations. First, the report explains the nature of the federal government's debt, the processes associated with federal borrowing, and historical events that may influence prospective actions. It also includes an analysis of what could happen if the federal government may no longer issue debt, has exhausted alternative sources of cash, and, therefore, depends on incoming receipts or other sources of funds to provide any cash needed to liquidate federal obligations.2 Finally, this report lays out considerations for increasing the debt limit under current policy and what impact fiscal policy could have on the debt limit going forward.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Veto of Executive Actions

Congressional Veto of Executive Actions

Date: November 5, 1982
Creator: Nicola, Thomas J & Norton, Clark F
Description: Statutory provisions by which Congress authorizes a Federal program to be administered by the Executive but retains the legal authority to disapprove all or part of the program before final implementation have become increasingly frequent in recent years. These statutory provisions which subject a variety of proposed executive actions to congressional review are commonly known as "congressional veto" devices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reaching the Debt Limit: Background and Potential Effects on Government Operations

Reaching the Debt Limit: Background and Potential Effects on Government Operations

Date: September 19, 2013
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.; Brass, Clinton T.; Nicola, Thomas J. & Nuschler, Dawn
Description: This report examines the possibility of the federal government reaching its statutory debt limit and not raising it, with a particular focus on government operations. First, the report explains the nature of the federal government's debt, the processes associated with federal borrowing, and historical events that may influence prospective actions. It also includes an analysis of what could happen if the federal government may no longer issue debt, has exhausted alternative sources of cash, and, therefore, depends on incoming receipts or other sources of funds to provide any cash needed to liquidate federal obligations.2 Finally, this report lays out considerations for increasing the debt limit under current policy and what impact fiscal policy could have on the debt limit going forward.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reaching the Debt Limit: Background and Potential Effects on Government Operations

Reaching the Debt Limit: Background and Potential Effects on Government Operations

Date: May 31, 2012
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.; Brass, Clinton T.; Nicola, Thomas J.; Nuschler, Dawn & Shelton, Alison M.
Description: The gross federal debt, which represents the federal government's total outstanding debt, consists of two types of debt: (1) debt held by the public and (2) debt held in government accounts, also known as intragovernmental debt. Federal government borrowing increases for two primary reasons: (1) budget deficits and (2) investments of any federal government account surpluses in Treasury securities, as required by law. Nearly all of this debt is subject to the statutory limit. The federal debt limit currently stands at $14,294 billion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reaching the Debt Limit: Background and Potential Effects on Government Operations

Reaching the Debt Limit: Background and Potential Effects on Government Operations

Date: February 11, 2011
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.; Brass, Clinton T.; Nicola, Thomas J.; Nuschler, Dawn & Shelton, Alison M.
Description: This report examines the possibility of the federal government reaching its statutory debt limit and not raising it, with a particular focus on government operations. First, the report explains the nature of the federal government's debt, the processes associated with federal borrowing, and historical events that may influence prospective actions. It also includes an analysis of what could happen if the federal government may no longer issue debt, has exhausted alternative sources of cash, and, therefore, depends on incoming receipts or other sources of funds to provide any cash needed to liquidate federal obligations. Finally this report lays out considerations for increasing the debt limit under current policy and what impact fiscal policy could have on the debt limit going forward.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reaching the Debt Limit: Background and Potential Effects on Government Operations

Reaching the Debt Limit: Background and Potential Effects on Government Operations

Date: April 27, 2011
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.; Brass, Clinton T.; Nicola, Thomas J. & Shelton, Alison M.
Description: This report examines the possibility of the federal government reaching its statutory debt limit and not raising it, with a particular focus on government operations. First, the report explains the nature of the federal government's debt, the processes associated with federal borrowing, and historical events that may influence prospective actions. It also includes an analysis of what could happen if the federal government may no longer issue debt, has exhausted alternative sources of cash, and, therefore, depends on incoming receipts or other sources of funds to provide any cash needed to liquidate federal obligations. Finally this report lays out considerations for increasing the debt limit under current policy and what impact fiscal policy could have on the debt limit going forward.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
VA Accountability Act of 2015 (H.R. 1994), as Reported to the House

VA Accountability Act of 2015 (H.R. 1994), as Reported to the House

Date: July 27, 2015
Creator: Nicola, Thomas J.; Carey, Maeve P.; Isaacs, Katelin P.; Schwemle, Barbara L. & Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: This report describes the VA Accountability Act of 2015 (H.R. 1994) as reported to the House by the Committee on Veterans' Affairs on July 23 2015 and compares it to current law where appropriate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Department Original Transformation Proposal: Compared to Existing Law

Defense Department Original Transformation Proposal: Compared to Existing Law

Date: May 19, 2003
Creator: Goldich, Robert L; Pagliano, Gary J; Schwemle, Barbara L & Nicola, Thomas J
Description: The Department of Defense (DOD) has sent the Congress a major proposal entitled “Defense Transformation for the 21st Century Act of 2003”on April 10, 2003. This report briefly summarizes and presents all of the sections of the original DOD proposal in a side by side with the relevant provisions in current law, if they exist, that would have been affected by the proposal. The idea is to provide a “road map” that relates each section of the proposal to existing law. Provisions from the Homeland Security Act (HSA) of 2002 specific to the Department of Homeland Security are separately listed from the rest of the existing law, and are the most recently enacted changes to Title 5.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department