Congressional Use of Funding Cutoffs Since 1970 Involving U.S. Military Forces and Overseas Deployments

Congressional Use of Funding Cutoffs Since 1970 Involving U.S. Military Forces and Overseas Deployments

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: This report provides background information on major instances, since 1970, when Congress has utilized funding cutoffs to compel the withdrawal of United States military forces from overseas military deployments. It also highlights key efforts by Congress to utilize the War Powers Resolution, since its enactment in 1973, to compel the withdrawal of U.S. military forces from foreign deployments. In this review, legislation expressing the “sense of the Congress” regarding U.S. military deployments is not addressed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act (ESA), Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), and Department of Defense (DOD) Readiness Activities: Background and Current Law

The Endangered Species Act (ESA), Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), and Department of Defense (DOD) Readiness Activities: Background and Current Law

Date: August 9, 2004
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report provides a brief overview of how the Endangered Species Act (ESA)1 and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA)2 and their relevant regulations may apply to military training and readiness activities of the Department of Defense (DOD). Military activities may “take” protected creatures directly (e.g,. killing with ordnance during rifle, gunnery or assault drills), or might destroy habitat (e.g., artillery or bombing practices), even if these results are not the purpose of the activities. The applicability of the MBTA and ESA to military readiness activities has been controversial recently and legislation has been enacted in both the 107th and 108th Congresses on these topics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF): Background and Issues for Congress

U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 29, 2008
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: Special Operations Forces (SOF) play a significant role in U.S. military operations and the Administration has given U.S. SOF greater responsibility for planning and conducting worldwide counterterrorism operations. The progress of mandated SOF growth and SOF's role in irregular warfare (IW) are potential policy issues for congressional consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ship Deployments: New Approaches -- Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Ship Deployments: New Approaches -- Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 2, 2008
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Navy is implementing or experimenting with new kinds of naval formations, more flexible forward-deployment schedules, forward-homeporting additional Navy ships, and long-duration deployments with crew rotation (which the Navy calls Sea Swap). These changes, which form a key part of Navy transformation, raise several potential issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Guam: U.S. Defense Deployments

Guam: U.S. Defense Deployments

Date: October 29, 2008
Creator: Kan, Shirley A. & Niksch, Larry A.
Description: The U.S. military is building up forces on the U.S. territory of Guam to increase deterrence and power projection for possible responses to crises and disasters, counterterrorism, and contingencies in support of South Korea, Japan, the Philippines, Taiwan, or elsewhere in Asia. But the defense buildup on Guam is moderate. Guam's role has increased with plans to withdraw some U.S. forces from Japan and South Korea. The buildup will cost $10.3 billion, with Japan contributing about 60% ($6.1 billion).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Turkey, the Deployment of U.S. Forces, and Related Issues

Iraq: Turkey, the Deployment of U.S. Forces, and Related Issues

Date: May 2, 2003
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Peacekeeping and Related Stability Operations: Issues of U.S. Military Involvement

Peacekeeping and Related Stability Operations: Issues of U.S. Military Involvement

Date: July 13, 2006
Creator: Serafino, Nina M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Operations (House)/State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Senate): FY2007 Appropriations

Foreign Operations (House)/State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Senate): FY2007 Appropriations

Date: July 14, 2006
Creator: Nowels, Larry; Veillette, Connie & Epstein, Susan B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties

Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties

Date: September 7, 2006
Creator: O'Bryant, JoAnne
Description: The following casualty data was compiled by the Department of Defense (DOD), as tallied from the agency's press releases. Table 1 provides statistics on fatalities during Operation Iraqi Freedom, which began on March 19, 2003, and is ongoing as well as on the number of fatalities since May 1, 2003, plus statistics on those wounded, but not killed, since March 19, 2003. Statistics may be revised as circumstances are investigated and as all records are processed through the U.S. military's casualty system. More frequent updates are available at DOD's website at [http://www.defenselink.mil/news/] under "OIF/OEF Casualty Update." A detailed casualty summary that includes data on deaths by cause, as well as statistics on soldiers wounded in action, is available at the following DOD website: [http://siadapp.diot.whs.mil/personnel/CASUALTY/castop.htm].
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties

Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties

Date: October 12, 2006
Creator: O'Bryant, JoAnne
Description: The following casualty data was compiled by the Department of Defense (DOD), as tallied from the agency's press release. Table 1 provides statistics on fatalities during Operation Iraqi Freedom, which began on March 19, 2003, and is ongoing, as well as on the number of fatalities since May 1, 2003, plus statistics on those wounded, but not killed, since March 19, 2003. A detailed casualty summary that includes data on deaths by cause, as well as statistics on soldiers wounded in action, is available at the following DOD website: [http://siadapp.dmdc.osd.mil/personnel/CASUALTY/castop.htm].
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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