The Strategic and Operational Debate Over Operation Anvil: the Allied Invasion of Southern France in August, 1944

The Strategic and Operational Debate Over Operation Anvil: the Allied Invasion of Southern France in August, 1944

Date: May 2013
Creator: Zinsou, Cameron
Description: In August, 1944, the Allies embarked on one of the "two supreme operations of 1944," Operation Anvil/Dragoon. It is an operation that almost did not happen. Envisioned as a direct supporting operation of Overlord, Anvil soon ran into troubles. Other operations taking away resources away from Anvil in addition to opposition from the highest levels of Allied command threatened Anvil. This thesis chronicles the evolution of this debate, as well as shed light on one of the most overlooked and successful operations the Allies embarked on in World War II.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Newsmap. Monday, June 21, 1943 : week of June 10 to June 17, 197th week of the war, 79th week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. Monday, June 21, 1943 : week of June 10 to June 17, 197th week of the war, 79th week of U.S. participation

Date: June 21, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Mediterranean, Russia, Western Europe, Southwest Pacific, Submarines. Maps show the Mediterranean arena; New Guinea and northern Australia. Photographs: Thousands of gas shells at the ready in an American arsenal; Nazi Junkers 52 trimotor transports attempt to evacuate supplies to the European mainland from Tunisia. Back: Text and illustrations highlight possible diseases in the tropics and ways to avoid becoming ill. Discusses malaria, dysentery, and skin diseases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, May 24, 1943 : week of May 13 to May 20, 193rd week of the war, 75th week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. Monday, May 24, 1943 : week of May 13 to May 20, 193rd week of the war, 75th week of U.S. participation

Date: May 24, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Attu, Wake Island, Southwest Pacific, Russia, China-Burma, Air offensive. Large world map is keyed to text and shows United Nations Axis and Axis occupied areas, countries with Axis relations broken, and neutral countries. Additional maps: Mediterranean Sea; Areas held by Japan in the Kurile and Aleutian Islands. Inset map: Attu Island. Photographs: Mass production methods in the southwest Pacific mimic those of Detroit; Red Stars mark Soviet Air Force planes made in America; Nazis frisk Yugoslav peasants accused of guerilla activities Back: The not-so-soft underside [African victory].
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, May 31, 1943 : week of May 20 to May 27, 194th week of the war, 76th week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. Monday, May 31, 1943 : week of May 20 to May 27, 194th week of the war, 76th week of U.S. participation

Date: May 31, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Aleutians, Western Europe, Mediterranean, Russia, Southwest Pacific. Map: Shows military activity in western Europe during the week of May 10 to May 27, 1943. Inset maps: Aleutians, Present fighting area in Attu. Photographs: Images of a Grumman "Wildcat" fighter plane taken from the escort carrier, U.S.S. Altamaha. Illustration: Advance on Attu. Back: You can crack that tank! Text and illustrations show how an infantryman can defend against an enemy tank.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, September 21, 1942 : week of September 11 to September 18

Newsmap. Monday, September 21, 1942 : week of September 11 to September 18

Date: September 21, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Russia, Madagascar, Solomon Islands, New Guinea, Aleutians, Far Eastern waters, Midway, China, West Coast, Western Europe, Mediterranean. Large map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show: Madagascar; Russian front (southern sectors), Madagascar in Africa Includes photographs: Night falls in North Africa; Stinger [twin machine-gun]; It was "impossible" [Capt. Edward Ellsberg's sub salvage work]; Blimps hunt subs. Back: Somewhere in Alaska. 13 photographs are captioned. Text headlined: Alaska's Defenders Go Underground. Includes map labeled: Still Our Northern Frontier.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, August 31, 1942 : week of August 21 to August 28

Newsmap. Monday, August 31, 1942 : week of August 21 to August 28

Date: August 31, 1942
Creator: [United States]. Army Orientation Course
Description: Text describes action on various war fronts: New phase, Solomon Islands, Gilbert Islands, East Indies, China, Burma, Russia, Iraq and Iran, Mediterranean, Western Europe, Brazil. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show Battle for the Hangchow-Nanchang Railway; Southern Russia. Includes photographs: A Maori's best friend; Dive bomber tail brake; Vought-Sikorsky helicopter; Back from Dieppe; The run to Malta; Airborne command lands.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, October 5, 1942 : week of September 25 to October 2

Newsmap. Monday, October 5, 1942 : week of September 25 to October 2

Date: October 5, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Russia, New Guinea, Solomons, Aleutians, China, Madagascar, Shipping, Mediterranean. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show South Russia, New Guinea, Target in Europe with inset of Industrial areas bombed in the Ruhr Valley. Includes photographs: WAFS report for duty, Armored "super jeep", South of Bengazi, Tank landing, "Guiding plane back home to roost". Back: Training (Action! -- Solomons -- Landing operations -- Europe). 21 photographs accompanied by descriptive and explanatory text.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, July 6, 1942 : week of June 26 to July 2

Newsmap. Monday, July 6, 1942 : week of June 26 to July 2

Date: July 6, 1942
Creator: [United States]. Army Orientation Course
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts including Midway, Western Europe, Russia, Egypt, Southwest Pacific, Mediterranean, China, and Jugoslavia. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Includes two inset maps: "Rommel drives east for Suez"; Nazi-Russian battles near Kursk. Photographs: Saboteurs' weapons, Port of embarkation, Allied leaders in the Middle East [Major Gen. Russell L. Maxwell, General Sir Claude Auchinleck], Armoured observation car, U.S. Army troops in shadow of the pyramids; British mechanized unit salvages a disabled tank; Blocking Nazi tanks;"Production hits its stride". Back: Poster features photographs of British weapons.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, November 23, 1942 : week of November 13 to November 20

Newsmap. Monday, November 23, 1942 : week of November 13 to November 20

Date: November 23, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Mediterranean, Tunisia, Libya, Lake Chad, Italy, Solomons, New Guinea, Russia. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps: the Advance on Buna; North Africa. Photographs: New Guinea; Welcome to North Africa; Scene in Libya; North Africa: the march westward Back: Life saver #2 : winning friends - helping people. Text and photographs highlight the importance of training soldiers to interact successfully with local cultures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, October 26, 1942 : week of October 16 to October 23

Newsmap. Monday, October 26, 1942 : week of October 16 to October 23

Date: October 26, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Solomons -- New Guinea -- Aleutians -- Russia -- Shipping -- Mediterranean -- Yugoslavia -- Western Europe. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show Southwest Pacific -- Stalingrad. Includes photographs: Airport on Guadalcanal Island -- Somewhere in India [field artillery pieces and Gen. Stillwell's troops wearing German-type coal scuttle helmet] -- Supplies for Russia [Arctic convoy attacked by enemy torpedo planes and U boats] -- Freight cars with wings. Back: Foxholes are Lifesavers. 9 photographs show details of foxhole construction. Text describes advantages and proper use of foxholes in combat.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, October 12, 1942 : week of October 2 to October 9

Newsmap. Monday, October 12, 1942 : week of October 2 to October 9

Date: October 12, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Aleutians, New Guinea, Solomons, Far eastern waters, Russia, Mediterranean, Western Europe. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show Aleutian Islands; Southwest Pacific. Includes photographs: Nazi medium artillery field pieces, Long range patrol, Canadian paratroopers graduate, "Paratroopers train for action". Back: Convoy. 15 photographs with text describe a typical journey of a convoy of troops across an ocean.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, October 19, 1942 : week of October 9 to October 16

Newsmap. Monday, October 19, 1942 : week of October 9 to October 16

Date: October 19, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Description: Front: Text describes action on various fronts: Solomons, New Hebrides, New Guinea, Aleutians, Far Eastern waters, Russia, Mediterranean, Western Europe. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show Guadalcanal Island, Tulagi; Russian front. Includes photographs: Alaska road in use by December (construction of the Alaska Defense Highway); Zero fighter; in the Solomons; German mobile gun; Insect protection. Back: Airborne Command. 12 photographs with descriptive text and explanation of the role of airborne troops.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, December 7, 1942 : week of November 27 to December 4

Newsmap. Monday, December 7, 1942 : week of November 27 to December 4

Date: December 7, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Tunisia, Supply, Libya, Toulon, Russia, New Guinea, Solomons, Aleutians. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Includes inset maps: Tunisia -- Russian Front. Back: Maps and texts highlight the battleground of North Africa. Photographs: Crash landing -- Target sighted, mission completed -- Stalingrad strikes back.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, August 24, 1942 : week of August 14 to August 21

Newsmap. Monday, August 24, 1942 : week of August 14 to August 21

Date: August 24, 1942
Creator: [United States]. Army Orientation Course
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Northern France, Air assault, Allied conference, Southwest Pacific, Mediterranean, Russia, North Africa, Aleutians, China, Brazil. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show The European theatre, Main area of operations in the Solomons, USSR. Includes photographs: Landing party; Commando glider; Last stop in North Africa; War in the heart of Africa. Back: China's Cadets. 10 photographs are accompanied by text.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, August 17, 1942 : week of August 7 to August 14

Newsmap. Monday, August 17, 1942 : week of August 7 to August 14

Date: August 17, 1942
Creator: [United States]. Army Orientation Course
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Solomon Islands, New Guinea, Aleutians, China, India, Western Europe, Yugoslavia, Mediterranean, Russia. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Map insets show Solomon Islands, Russian front. Includes photographs: view of Tulagi; German fighter; Facing the Nazis; Sniper suit; A traitor covers up; Club for U.S. forces on London. Back: British Battle Dress. Includes 6 photograhs, 4 drawings with accompanying text.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, August 3, 1942 : week of July 24 to July 31

Newsmap. Monday, August 3, 1942 : week of July 24 to July 31

Date: August 3, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Description: Text describes action on various war fronts: New Guinea -- China -- Philippines -- Siberia --Mediterranean -- Western Europe -- Russia. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Includes inset maps: Action in New Guinea -- Drive to the Caucasas -- Vital distances in Europe, Africa, and Western Asia. Photographs: Combat photo taken through a submarine's periscope of a sinking Japanese destroyer -- U.S. aid to Russia -- Tommy goes over [method of crossing a river] -- Jap 'Belly tank' -- Stingers on the Flying Fortress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, February 8, 1943 : week of January 29 to February 5

Newsmap. Monday, February 8, 1943 : week of January 29 to February 5

Date: February 8, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps: [Rostov area] ; [Tunisia coast]. Includes 8 photographs. Back: The World at War map indicates points where U.S. forces are stationed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, April 19, 1943 : week of April 9 to April 16, 188th week of the war, 70th week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. Monday, April 19, 1943 : week of April 9 to April 16, 188th week of the war, 70th week of U.S. participation

Date: April 19, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Tunisia -- Southwest Pacific -- Russia -- Mediterranean. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show Allied drive in Tunisia -- Japanese controlled areas throughout the Southwest Pacific. Includes photographs: Helping Rommel's run [puppy stationed atop a Vickers machine gun] -- So he can fight (Staff Sergt. Hollers clerks at the San Angelo AAF Bombardier School in Texas) -- Blimp training. Back: Tunisia, map with inset showing location of Tunisia in the Mediterranean area.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, June 22, 1942 : week of June 12 to June 19

Newsmap. Monday, June 22, 1942 : week of June 12 to June 19

Date: June 22, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Includes inset maps: Strategic distances in the North Pacific ; Attu Island ; the Rat Island group ; Jap drives [in China]. Photographs: Jungle fighting; Battle of Carriers; Planes that hit the enemy; Swimming through flames; Tomahawk takes it. Back: "These are some of the weapons which checked Hitler's armies." Includes photographs: Moving in column to the attack -- Armored train alert -- Light armored cars -- Anti-aircraft alarm -- Ready to fire -- Formation to the front -- Anti-aircraft machine gun -- Woods used for cover -- Mortar ready to fire -- Amphibian tanks on land... -- Horse-drawn anti-tank gun -- ... and on the sea.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Capital Ships, Commerce, and Coalition: British Strategy in the Mediterranean Theater, 1793

Capital Ships, Commerce, and Coalition: British Strategy in the Mediterranean Theater, 1793

Date: August 2014
Creator: Baker, William C.
Description: In 1793, Great Britain embarked on a war against Revolutionary France to reestablish a balance of power in Europe. Traditional assessments among historians consider British war planning at the ministerial level during the First Coalition to be incompetent and haphazard. This work reassesses decision making of the leading strategists in the British Cabinet in the development of a theater in the Mediterranean by examining political, diplomatic, and military influences. William Pitt the Younger and his controlling ministers pursued a conservative strategy in the Mediterranean, reliant on Allies in the region to contain French armies and ideas inside the Alps and the Pyrenees. Dependent on British naval power, the Cabinet sought to weaken the French war effort by targeting trade in the region. Throughout the first half of 1793, the British government remained fixed on this conservative, traditional approach to France. However, with the fall of Toulon in August of 1793, decisions made by Admiral Samuel Hood in command of forces in the Mediterranean radicalized British policy towards the Revolution while undermining the construct of the Coalition. The inconsistencies in strategic thought political decisions created stagnation, wasting the opportunities gained by the Counter-revolutionary movements in southern France. As a result, reinvigorated ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Final Technical Report: Response of Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems to Elevated Atmospheric CO2 and Associated Climate Change

Final Technical Report: Response of Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems to Elevated Atmospheric CO2 and Associated Climate Change

Date: August 15, 2002
Creator: Oechel, Walter C
Description: This research incorporated an integrated hierarchical approach in space, time, and levels of biological/ecological organization to help understand and predict ecosystem response to elevated CO{sub 2} and concomitant environmental change. The research utilized a number of different approaches, and collaboration of both PER and non-PER investigators to arrive at a comprehensive, integrative understanding. Central to the work were the CO{sub 2}-controlled, ambient Lit, Temperature controlled (CO{sub 2}LT) null-balance chambers originally developed in the arctic tundra, which were re-engineered for the chaparral with treatment CO{sub 2} concentrations of from 250 to 750 ppm CO{sub 2} in 100 ppm increments, replicated twice to allow for a regression analysis. Each chamber was 2 meters on a side and 2 meters tall, which were installed over an individual shrub reprouting after a fire. This manipulation allowed study of the response of native chaparral to varying levels of CO{sub 2}, while regenerating from an experimental burn. Results from these highly-controlled manipulations were compared against Free Air CO{sub 2} Enrichment (FACE) manipulations, in an area adjacent to the CO{sub 2}LT null balance greenhouses. These relatively short-term results (5-7 years) were compared to long-term results from Mediterranean-type ecosystems (MTEs) surrounding natural CO{sub 2} springs in northern Italy, ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department