Climate Change: The European Union's Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS)

Climate Change: The European Union's Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS)

Date: July 31, 2006
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: The European Union’s (EU’s) Emissions Trading System (ETS) is a cornerstone of the EU’s efforts to meet its obligation under the Kyoto Protocol. It covers more than 11,500 energy intensive facilities across the 25 EU member countries, including oil refineries, power plants over 20 megawatts (MW) in capacity, coke ovens, and iron and steel plants, along with cement, glass, lime, brick, ceramics, and pulp and paper installations. Covered entities emit about 45% of the EU’s carbon dioxide emissions. The trading program does not cover emissions of non-CO2 greenhouse gases, which account for about 20% of the EU’s total greenhouse gas emissions. A final consideration for the ETS is its suitability for directing long-term investment toward a low-carbon future — the ultimate goal of any climate change program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union's Reform Process: The Lisbon Treaty

The European Union's Reform Process: The Lisbon Treaty

Date: February 8, 2011
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report provides information on the Lisbon Treaty and possible U.S.-EU implications that may be of interest to the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Union Enlargement: A Status Report on Turkey's Accession Negotiations

European Union Enlargement: A Status Report on Turkey's Accession Negotiations

Date: November 26, 2010
Creator: Morelli, Vincent
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the European Union's (EU) accession process; Turkey's path to EU membership; the impact of the Cyprus problem; and a review of the United States' interest in Turkey's future in the European Union.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Union’s Arms Embargo on China: Implications and Options for U.S. Policy

European Union’s Arms Embargo on China: Implications and Options for U.S. Policy

Date: May 27, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin; Grimmett, Richard F & Kan, Shirley A
Description: Overall, there are two sets of questions for Congress in examining U.S. policy toward the fate of the EU’s arms embargo on China. What are the implications for U.S. interests in trans-Atlantic relations and China? If U.S. interests are adversely affected, what are some options for Congress to discourage the EU from lifting its arms embargo on China and, if it is lifted, to protect U.S. national security interests in both Asia and Europe? Issues raised by these questions are the subject of this CRS Report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change and the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS): Looking to 2020

Climate Change and the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS): Looking to 2020

Date: January 27, 2011
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: This report looks at new European Union (EU) emissions standards in trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Union's Arms Control Regime and Arms Exports to China: Background and Legal Analysis

European Union's Arms Control Regime and Arms Exports to China: Background and Legal Analysis

Date: March 1, 2005
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F & Papademetriou, Theresa
Description: This report provides detailed background and legal analysis of the nature of the current European Union embargo on arms exports to China. It also provides detailed background on the European Union’s current Code of Conduct on Arms Exports. A strengthened version of the Code would be one of the control mechanisms that would remain should the EU lift the embargo on arms exports to China. This report also gives information on recent EU arms exports authorized for China. It further summarizes U.S. concerns regarding the lifting of the arms embargo, and notes the prospective timing of EU action on the embargo issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Biotechnology: The U.S.-EU Dispute

Agricultural Biotechnology: The U.S.-EU Dispute

Date: November 17, 2005
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: In May 2003, the United States, Canada, and Argentina initiated a formal challenge before the World Trade Organization (WTO) of the European Union’s (EU’s) de facto moratorium on approving new agricultural biotechnology products, in place since 1998. Although the EU effectively lifted the moratorium in May 2004 by approving a genetically engineered (GE) corn variety, the three countries are pursuing the case, in part because a number of EU member states continue to block approved biotech products. Because of delays, the WTO is expected to decide the case by December 2005. The moratorium reportedly cost U.S. corn growers some $300 million in exports to the EU annually. The EU moratorium, U.S. officials contend, threatened other agricultural exports not only to the EU, but also to other parts of the world where the EU approach to regulating agricultural biotechnology is taking hold.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Biotechnology: The U.S.-EU Dispute

Agricultural Biotechnology: The U.S.-EU Dispute

Date: March 10, 2006
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: In May 2003, the United States, Canada, and Argentina initiated a formal challenge before the World Trade Organization (WTO) of the European Union’s (EU’s) de facto moratorium on approving new agricultural biotechnology products, in place since 1998. Although the EU effectively lifted the moratorium in May 2004 by approving a genetically engineered (GE) corn variety, the three countries are pursuing the case, in part because a number of EU member states continue to block approved biotech products. Because of delays, the WTO is expected to decide the case by December 2005. The moratorium reportedly cost U.S. corn growers some $300 million in exports to the EU annually. The EU moratorium, U.S. officials contend, threatened other agricultural exports not only to the EU, but also to other parts of the world where the EU approach to regulating agricultural biotechnology is taking hold.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, May 18, 1942 : week of May 8 to May 15

Newsmap. Monday, May 18, 1942 : week of May 8 to May 15

Date: May 18, 1942
Creator: [United States]. Army Orientation Course
Description: Text describes action on various war fronts: Jap advance lines cut -- U.S. bombers in India -- Jap defeat in China -- Tribute to team work -- Tokyo raid confirmed -- Axis attack forecast -- Subs in St. Lawrence -- Plan relief corps -- WAAC bill passes -- State laws 'brake' war -- Deal at Martinique -- Raid Jap settlements -- Peru's president here -- Freight by plane -- Gas rationing starts -- Indies fliers here -- British announce war casualties -- R.A.F. pushes attacks -- Gort to Malta command -- Mission to Africa -- Spring offensive on -- Norway plant wrecked. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset map shows German and Russian advances near the Black Sea. Includes photographs: Lt. Gen. Stillwell -- Vice Pres. Wallace -- Lt. Gen. Somervell -- New bombs piled underground awaiting delivery -- Lord Gort -- Russian troop answer the Nazi assault -- British troops practice street fighting tactics. Includes 1 cartoon.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. Monday, April 27, 1942 : week of April 17 to 24

Newsmap. Monday, April 27, 1942 : week of April 17 to 24

Date: April 27, 1942
Creator: [United States]. Army Orientation Course
Description: Text describes action on various war fronts. Includes photographs: Lieut. Bulkeley -- Nip Nipper de luxe, Lieut. Comm. Edward H. O'Hare -- Brewster "Buffalo" -- The guns were going on -- The big Wellingtons did not rest -- Training of airborne Infantry. Large world map is keyed to text: Japs confused on raid -- Chinese rescue British -- Corregidor holds -- Timor fight still on -- blame set for fire -- President honors flyer -- Gen. Marshall returns -- strike idleness small -- manpower mobilization -- Brewster plant seized -- Argentine ship hit -- radio detectors used -- "Peace Offensive" due-- Lubeck laid low-- commandos raid again -- Reds close for action -- Malta takes high toll -- Laval favors Nazis. Inset maps: Honshu, Japan ; western Europe. Also includes 2 pictographs: Happy Birthday, Dear Adolf; Telefact: materials for victory.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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