The Budget Reconciliation Process: The Senate's "Byrd Rule"

The Budget Reconciliation Process: The Senate's "Byrd Rule"

Date: July 2, 2010
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: Reconciliation is a procedure under the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 by which Congress implements budget resolution policies affecting mainly permanent spending and revenue programs. The principal focus in the reconciliation process has been deficit reduction, but in recent years reconciliation has encompassed revenue reduction generally and spending increases in selected program areas. This report discusses the Byrd rule, which provides six definitions of what constitutes extraneous matter for purposes of the rule (and several exceptions thereto), but the term is generally described as covering provisions unrelated to achieving the goals of the reconciliation instructions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Budget Process Reform in the 110th Congress: A Brief Overview

Federal Budget Process Reform in the 110th Congress: A Brief Overview

Date: May 28, 2008
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report briefly discusses the context in which federal budget process changes are made and identifies selected reform proposals by major category. The identification of reform proposals in this report is not intended to be comprehensive; other CRS reports discuss different aspects of budget process reform in more detail.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Duration of Continuing Resolutions in Recent Years

Duration of Continuing Resolutions in Recent Years

Date: May 28, 2008
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report provides information on congressional practices with respect to the duration of continuing resolutions, including the use of full-year measures, and focuses particularly on the period covering FY1998-FY2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Budget Process Reform in the 111th Congress: A Brief Overview

Federal Budget Process Reform in the 111th Congress: A Brief Overview

Date: May 20, 2010
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report briefly discusses the context in which federal budget process changes are made and identifies selected reform proposals by major category. The identification of reform proposals in this report is not intended to be comprehensive.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Reconciliation Measures Enacted Into Law: 1980-2010

Budget Reconciliation Measures Enacted Into Law: 1980-2010

Date: May 28, 2010
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report identifies and briefly summarizes the 20 budget reconciliation measures enacted into law during the period covering 1980, when reconciliation procedures first were used by both chambers, through 2010, the last year of the 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The "Deeming Resolution": A Budget Enforcement Tool

The "Deeming Resolution": A Budget Enforcement Tool

Date: May 17, 2010
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: Deeming resolution" is a term that refers to legislation which is deemed to serve as an annual budget resolution for purposes of establishing enforceable budget levels for a budget cycle. A deeming resolution is used when the House and Senate are late in reaching final agreement on a budget resolution or fail to reach agreement altogether. Either chamber may initiate its own budget enforcement procedures by adopting a "deeming resolution" in the form of a simple resolution. This report describes substantive enforcement procedures associated with the budget resolution, explains the concept of a "deeming resolution," discusses House and Senate action on deeming resolutions, and provides information on a related topic, waiving a bar against the consideration of budgetary legislation for a fiscal year before a budget resolution for that fiscal year has been adopted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Duration of Continuing Resolutions in Recent Years

Duration of Continuing Resolutions in Recent Years

Date: May 13, 2010
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report provides information on congressional practices with respect to the duration of continuing resolutions, including the use of full-year measures, and focuses particularly on the period covering FY1998-FY2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010: Summary and Legislative History

The Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010: Summary and Legislative History

Date: June 8, 2010
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report provides a summary and legislative history of the P.L. 111-139, focusing on the features of the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Senate's Byrd Rule Against Extraneous Matter in Reconciliation Measures

The Senate's Byrd Rule Against Extraneous Matter in Reconciliation Measures

Date: September 9, 1998
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Brief Introduction to the Federal Budget Process

A Brief Introduction to the Federal Budget Process

Date: November 13, 1996
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report provides a brief introduction to the federal budget process. Key budget concepts and terminology are defined and explained. The separate procedures that make up the federal budget process are identified and their salient features described. While a complete understanding of federal budgeting probably can be obtained only after much observation and study of the process in operation, broad exposure to its rudiments is a useful first step. Various resources "for additional reading" are identified at the end of this report, which the reader may find helpful in exploring the subject in greater depth.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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