The U.S. Foreign-Born Population: Trends and Selected Characteristics

The U.S. Foreign-Born Population: Trends and Selected Characteristics

Date: January 18, 2011
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: This report offers context for consideration of immigration policy options by presenting data on key geographic, demographic, social, and economic characteristics of the foreign-born population residing in the United States. Interest in the U.S. foreign-born population stems in part from the changing demographic profile of the United States as well as the rapidity of such change, and how both of these trends correspond to U.S. immigration policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Permanent Legal Immigration to the United States: Policy Overview

Permanent Legal Immigration to the United States: Policy Overview

Date: October 29, 2014
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the current state of legal immigration policy in the U.S. In FY2013, just under 1 million aliens became U.S. legal permanent residents (LPRs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Family-Based Immigration Policy

U.S. Family-Based Immigration Policy

Date: November 19, 2014
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: This report provides an examination of family-based immigration policy. In doing so, it outlines a brief history of U.S. family-based immigration policies, discusses current law governing admissions, and summarizes recommendations made by previous congressionally mandated committees charged with evaluating immigration policy. It then presents descriptive figures on legal immigrants entering the United States during the past decade and discusses the sizable queue of approved immigrant petitioners waiting for an immigrant visa. It closes by discussing selected policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Naturalization Policy

U.S. Naturalization Policy

Date: January 16, 2014
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: This report reviews the rights and obligations that come with naturalization. It examines the naturalization process, discusses recent trends regarding who, among the roughly 1 million immigrants entering the United States each year, ultimately becomes a U.S. citizen, and discusses recent naturalization-related policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Immigration Policy: Chart Book of Key Trends

U.S. Immigration Policy: Chart Book of Key Trends

Date: December 17, 2014
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: This report is a chart book of selected immigration trends that touch on the main elements of comprehensive immigration reform (CIR). Most policymakers agree that the main issues in CIR include increased border security and immigration enforcement, improved employment eligibility verification, revision of legal immigration, and options to address the millions of unauthorized aliens residing in the country. The report offers snapshots of time series data, using the most complete and consistent time series currently available for each statistic. The key findings and elements germane to the data depicted are summarized with the figures. The summary offers the highlights of key immigration trends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
USCIS Funding and Accountability to Congress

USCIS Funding and Accountability to Congress

Date: February 19, 2015
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: This report briefly discusses funding for U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), an agency within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). USCIS handles many immigration administration functions, the most prominent of which is processing and adjudicating immigrant petitions and applications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Provisions of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA)

Immigration Provisions of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA)

Date: May 15, 2012
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: This report discusses the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA, P.L. 103-322) that congress passed in 1994. This legislation created new programs within the Departments of Justice and Health and Human Services that aimed to both reduce domestic violence and improve response to and recovery from domestic violence incidents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Provisions of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA)

Immigration Provisions of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA)

Date: August 9, 2013
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: This report describes how the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) immigration provisions work in practice. It discusses legislation passed in the 113th Congress that expanded protections under VAWA, including the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 (H.R. 11/S. 47) and the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act (S. 744). The report then discusses selected related policy issues and how they were addressed by legislation in the 113th Congress. The report includes appendices on family sponsorship for lawful permanent residence, U visas, and the legislative history of VAWA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Provisions of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA)

Immigration Provisions of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA)

Date: April 10, 2012
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: This report describes how the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) provisions work in practice. It discusses improvements suggested by immigration attorneys and law enforcement observers to increase the utilization of VAWA provisions by abused foreign nationals as well as ways to reduce immigration fraud. The report closes with possible immigration-related issues that Congress may choose to consider should it reauthorize VAWA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Family-Based Immigration Policy

U.S. Family-Based Immigration Policy

Date: July 11, 2013
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: Report that provides background information and discussion related to immigration issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Family-Based Immigration Policy

U.S. Family-Based Immigration Policy

Date: February 17, 2016
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: This report provides an examination of family-based immigration policy. It outlines a brief history of U.S. policies, discusses current law governing admissions, and summarizes recommendations made by previous congressionally-mandated committees charged with evaluating immigration policy. It then presents descriptive figures on legal immigrants entering the United States during the past decade and discusses the sizable queue of approved immigrant petitioners waiting for an immigrant visa. It closes by discussing selected policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sanctuary Jurisdictions and Criminal Aliens: In Brief

Sanctuary Jurisdictions and Criminal Aliens: In Brief

Date: July 24, 2015
Creator: Kandel, William A. & Seghetti, Lisa
Description: This report examines the interplay between the federal government -- i.e., Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) -- and state and local jurisdictions in enforcing immigration law, with a specific focus on noncitizens who have been convicted of a crime. It briefly outlines the evolution of the cooperation among law enforcement agencies, then discusses current administrative efforts to involve state and local law enforcement, and explores major programs and federal resources available to those agencies that cooperate with ICE to enforce immigration law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview

Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview

Date: August 18, 2015
Creator: Kandel, William A. & Seghetti, Lisa
Description: This report opens with an analysis of recent unaccompanied alien children (UAC) apprehension data. It then discusses current policy on the treatment, care, and custody of the population, with a description of the responsibilities of each federal agency involved with the population. The report then discusses both administrative and congressional actions to deal with the UAC surge in FY2014 and ongoing action to address possible future surges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sanctuary Jurisdictions and Criminal Aliens: In Brief

Sanctuary Jurisdictions and Criminal Aliens: In Brief

Date: October 20, 2015
Creator: Kandel, William A. & Seghetti, Lisa
Description: This report examines the interplay between the federal government (i.e., ICE) and state and local jurisdictions in enforcing immigration law, with a specific focus on noncitizens who have been convicted of a crime. It explores major programs and federal resources available to state and local law enforcement agencies that cooperate with ICE to enforce immigration law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services' Immigration Fees and Adjudication Costs: Proposed Adjustments and Historical Context

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services' Immigration Fees and Adjudication Costs: Proposed Adjustments and Historical Context

Date: July 16, 2010
Creator: Kandel, William A. & Haddal, Chad C.
Description: This report discusses the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service's (USCIS) newly proposed fee schedule for immigration services. Issues for Congress to consider might include how USCIS fees have been computed and justified; whether anticipated revenue from revised fees will cover agency costs; how fiscal shortfalls might be funded; and what impact higher fees might have on the applicant pool.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Interior Immigration Enforcement: Programs Targeting Criminal Aliens

Interior Immigration Enforcement: Programs Targeting Criminal Aliens

Date: December 20, 2012
Creator: Rosenblum, Marc R. & Kandel, William A.
Description: This report begins by defining and quantifying the criminal alien population, to the extent possible. The following sections describe current and historical programs designed in whole or in part to target this population, including the Criminal Alien Program (CAP), Secure Communities, the §287(g) program, and the National Fugitive Operations Program (NFOP). After describing how these programs function and key differences among them, the report reviews their recent appropriations history and enforcement statistics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Interior Immigration Enforcement: Programs Targeting Criminal Aliens

Interior Immigration Enforcement: Programs Targeting Criminal Aliens

Date: October 21, 2011
Creator: Rosenblum, Marc R. & Kandel, William A.
Description: This report begins by defining and quantifying the criminal alien population, to the extent possible. The following sections describe current and historical programs designed in whole or in part to target this population, including CAP, Secure Communities, the § 287(g) program, and NFOP. After describing how these programs function and key differences among them, the report reviews their recent appropriations history and enforcement statistics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Immigration Policy: Chart Book of Key Trends

U.S. Immigration Policy: Chart Book of Key Trends

Date: March 14, 2016
Creator: Kandel, William A. & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report is a chart book of selected immigration trends. Key immigration issues that Congress has considered in recent years include increased border security and immigration enforcement, expanded employment eligibility verification, reforms to the system for legal temporary and permanent immigration, and options to address the millions of unauthorized aliens residing in the country.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The President's Immigration Accountability Executive Action of November 20, 2014: Overview and Issues

The President's Immigration Accountability Executive Action of November 20, 2014: Overview and Issues

Date: January 8, 2015
Creator: Kandel, William A.; Bjelopera, Jerome P.; Bruno, Andorra & Siskin, Alison
Description: This report discusses President Obama's Immigration Accountability Executive Action which revises some U.S. immigration policies and initiates several programs, including a revised border security policy for the Southwest border.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The President's Immigration Accountability Executive Action of November 20, 2014: Overview and Issues

The President's Immigration Accountability Executive Action of November 20, 2014: Overview and Issues

Date: February 24, 2015
Creator: Kandel, William A.; Bjelopera, Jerome P.; Bruno, Andorra & Siskin, Alison
Description: This report discusses President Obama Immigration Accountability Executive Action which would revise some U.S. immigration policies and initiate several programs, including a revised border security policy for the Southwest border.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The President's Immigration Accountability Executive Action of November 20, 2014: Overview and Issues

The President's Immigration Accountability Executive Action of November 20, 2014: Overview and Issues

Date: February 24, 2015
Creator: Kandel, William A.; Bjelopera, Jerome P.; Bruno, Andorra & Siskin, Alison
Description: This report discusses President Obama's Immigration Accountability Executive Action which revises some U.S. immigration policies and initiates several programs, including a revised border security policy for the Southwest border.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexican Migration to the United States: Policy and Trends

Mexican Migration to the United States: Policy and Trends

Date: June 7, 2012
Creator: Rosenblum, Marc R.; Kandel, William A.; Ribando Seelke, Clare & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: History and geography have given Mexico a unique status in the U.S. immigration system, and have made the Mexico-U.S. migration flow the largest in the world. Mexicans are the largest group of U.S. migrants across most types of immigration statuses—a fact that may have important implications for how Congress makes U.S. immigration policy. This report reviews the history of immigration policy and migration flows between the countries and the demographics of Mexicans within the United States. It also analyzes contemporary issues in U.S. immigration policy and the impact Mexico may have on U.S. immigration outcomes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unaccompanied Alien Children: Potential Factors Contributing to Recent Immigration

Unaccompanied Alien Children: Potential Factors Contributing to Recent Immigration

Date: July 3, 2014
Creator: Kandel, William A.; Bruno, Andorra; Meyer, Peter J.; Seelke, Clare Ribando; Taft-Morales, Maureen & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report begins by describing the recent surge in unaccompanied child apprehensions. It discusses several factors widely associated with out-migration from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. The report then discusses three broad factors that may be attracting migrants to the United States: economic and educational opportunity, family reunification, and U.S. immigration policies. It concludes with caveats on the attribution of causes to this situation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 113th Congress

Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 113th Congress

Date: November 4, 2014
Creator: Bruno, Andorra; Bjelopera, Jerome P.; Garcia, Michael John; Kandel, William A.; Lee, Margaret Mikyung; Siskin, Alison et al.
Description: Immigration reform was an active legislative issue in the first session of the 113th Congress. The Senate passed the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act (S. 744), a comprehensive immigration reform bill that includes provisions on border security, interior enforcement, employment eligibility verification and worksite enforcement, legalization of unauthorized aliens, immigrant visas, nonimmigrant visas, and humanitarian admissions. For its part, the House took a different approach to immigration reform. Rather than considering a single comprehensive bill, the House acted on a set of immigration bills that address border security, interior enforcement, employment eligibility verification and worksite enforcement, and nonimmigrant and immigrant visas. House committees reported or ordered to be reported the following immigration bills: Border Security Results Act of 2013 (H.R. 1417); Strengthen and Fortify Enforcement (SAFE) Act (H.R. 2278); Legal Workforce Act (H.R. 1772); Agricultural Guestworker (AG) Act (H.R. 1773); and Supplying Knowledge-based Immigrants and Lifting Levels of STEM Visas (SKILLS Visa) Act (H.R. 2131). This report discusses these and other immigration-related issues that received legislative action or have been of significant congressional interest in the 113th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department