Basic Elements Necessary for Permanent World Peace

Basic Elements Necessary for Permanent World Peace

Date: 1947
Creator: Mitchell, Joe
Description: The purpose of this study is to make a survey of the efforts that have been made to secure world peace and to present some basic elements necessary in any workable world peace organization. Stress will be placed not on military power or economic difficulties but on the fundamental human relationships of mankind.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Domestic influences for interstate cooperation: Do domestic conditions affect the occurrence of cooperative events in democratic regimes?

Domestic influences for interstate cooperation: Do domestic conditions affect the occurrence of cooperative events in democratic regimes?

Date: August 2004
Creator: Yi, Seong-Woo
Description: This research addressed two main issues that have become evident in studies of interstate cooperation. The first issue has to do with the relationship between cooperation and conflict. Can they be represented on a single, uni-dimensional continuum, or are they better represented by two theoretically and empirically separable dimensions? Granger causality tests were able to clarify the nature of cooperative events. The second issue is related to factors that might facilitate or discourage cooperation with other countries as a foreign policy tool. Factors used to explain cooperation and conflict include domestic variables, which have not been fully accounted for in previous empirical analyses. It is hypothesized that economic variables, such as inflation rates, GDP, and manufacturing production indices affect the likelihood of cooperative event occurrences. The effect of political dynamics, such as electoral cycles, support rates and national capability status, can also affect the possibility of cooperative foreign policies. The domestic factors in panel data was tested with Feasible Generalized Least Square (FGLS) in order to take care of heteroscedasticity and autocorrelations in residuals. The individual case analysis used linear time series analysis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Discovery of Resources and Conflict in the Interstate System, 1816-2001

Discovery of Resources and Conflict in the Interstate System, 1816-2001

Date: May 2010
Creator: Clark, Bradley
Description: This study tests a theory detailing the increased likelihood of conflict following an initial resource discovery in the discovering nation and its region. A survey of prior literature shows a multitude of prior research concerning resources and nations' willingness to initiate conflict over those resources, but this prior research lacks any study concerning the effects of the discovery of resources on interstate conflict. The theory discusses the increased likelihood of conflict in the discovering nation as both target and initiator. It further looks at the increased chance of conflict in the discoverer's region due to security dilemmas and proxy wars. The results show strong support for the theory, suggesting nations making new resource discoveries must take extra care to avoid conflict.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
An Analysis of Relation Between International Cooperation and Secondary Education

An Analysis of Relation Between International Cooperation and Secondary Education

Date: 1949
Creator: Inkman, Will W.
Description: In this study an attempt is made to answer the following questions: (1) Can international cooperation be helped through the proper employment of the tool called secondary education? (2) What constitutes such proper employment? (3) What effect, if any, will a sound system of secondary education have upon the objective of world peace, international understanding and good will, and better international, intercultural and interracial relations and friendship?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
SALYUT: Soviet Steps Toward Permanent Human Presence in Space

SALYUT: Soviet Steps Toward Permanent Human Presence in Space

Date: December 1983
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA), which "has undertaken a study of the presence of Soviets in space and their Salyut space stations, in order to provide Congress with an informed view of Soviet capabilities and intentions" (p. iii).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
World Petroleum Availability 1980-2000

World Petroleum Availability 1980-2000

Date: November 1980
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: A technical memorandum by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "estimates plausible levels of world oil production to the year 2000 and assesses the factors likely to determine which levels are actually reached" (p. iii).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technology and East-West Trade: An Update

Technology and East-West Trade: An Update

Date: May 1983
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "summarizes the major provisions of the 1979 Export Administration Act, highlighting those provisions which have led to problems of interpretation or exaction; recounts major provisions in U.S. export control policy towards the Soviet Union since 1979; and discusses the impacts and implications of those events-for the domestic economy, for U.S. political relations with the NATO allies and with the Soviet Union, and for U.S. national security" (p. iii).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Louder and Stronger? The Role of Signaling and Receptivity in Democratic Breakdowns and Their Impact Upon Neighboring Regimes

Louder and Stronger? The Role of Signaling and Receptivity in Democratic Breakdowns and Their Impact Upon Neighboring Regimes

Date: December 2008
Creator: Ludwig, Tommy
Description: The purpose of this thesis is to establish what specific forces influence whether or not a democratic setback within one nation will diffuse to peripheral states. Past studies devoted to this topic have largely suggested that diffusion essentially functions like a contagious disease, where the likelihood of "infection" is primarily based upon the level of interaction between states. This thesis however proposes that the interaction of the signal generated from a democratic state's collapse and the receptiveness of neighboring nations to this signal ultimately determines when and where diffusion will occur. In order to test the validity of this thesis' claims, the level of democracy within the neighboring states of all failed democratic governments spanning the years 1842-2002 are examined during the first years following such system breakdowns within a large-N quantitative research design. Ultimately this study leads to the conclusion that the interaction of signals and receptivity play a major role in the diffusion of democratic setbacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Ecological Sustainability and Peace: The Effect of Ecological Sustainability on Interstate and Intrastate Environmental Conflict

Ecological Sustainability and Peace: The Effect of Ecological Sustainability on Interstate and Intrastate Environmental Conflict

Date: August 2010
Creator: Yoon, Jong-Han
Description: This study examines the relationship between ecological sustainability and violent conflict at both the interstate and intrastate level. In particular, this study explores the effect of ecological sustainability of a society on the initiation and the occurrence of violent conflict. By developing a theory, which is named "Eco-peace," this study hypothesizes that the more ecologically sustainable the socioeconomic system of societies, the less likely the society is to initiate interstate conflict. Regarding intrastate conflict, it is hypothesized that the more ecologically sustainable the mode of development pursued by the Third World society is, the more likely that society is to experience intrastate conflicts. To test the hypotheses, this study conducts cross-national time-series analyses for 97-127 countries. Negative binomial and Poisson models are used for interstate conflict during 1960-2001, and logit and rare event logit models are used for intrastate conflict during 1960-1999. Militarized interstate dispute dataset and Uppsala Armed Conflict Program dataset are employed for interstate and intrastate conflict. For ecological sustainability, Ecological sustainability factor index and Environmental sustainability index are used. Through the analyses, this study found the supports for the theoretical argument that the ecologically unsustainable modes of development cause the initiation of interstate conflict and the incidence ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Deterrence: American Naval Policy In The Western Pacific, Realistic Or Subject To Change

Deterrence: American Naval Policy In The Western Pacific, Realistic Or Subject To Change

Date: Spring 2012
Creator: Wicks, Harrison
Description: Thesis written by a student in the UNT Honors College discussing the future of United States naval deterrence and its viability.
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College