Emergency Designation: Current Budget Rules and Procedures

Emergency Designation: Current Budget Rules and Procedures

Date: January 6, 2011
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: Budgetary legislation is constrained by certain enforcement rules that are generally intended to control spending, revenues, and the deficit. Since 1990, those rules have provided, in various forms, procedural mechanisms allowing Congress to effectively exempt certain budgetary amounts from such constraints by designating a provision in a measure as an emergency requirement. This report provides a brief description of the current rules and congressional procedures associated with the emergency designation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Enforcement Procedures: Senate Pay- As-You-Go (PAYGO) Rule

Budget Enforcement Procedures: Senate Pay- As-You-Go (PAYGO) Rule

Date: January 12, 2010
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report discusses the Senate pay-as-you-go, or PAYGO, rule which generally requires that any legislation projected to increase direct spending or reduce revenues must also include equivalent amounts of direct spending cuts, revenue increases, or a combination of the two, so that the legislation does not increase the on-budget deficit over a six-year period and an 11-year period.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Basic Federal Budgeting Terminology

Basic Federal Budgeting Terminology

Date: November 26, 2012
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: Report that provides a brief overview of the basic terminology and concepts used in the federal budget process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Baselines and Scorekeeping in the Federal Budget Process

Baselines and Scorekeeping in the Federal Budget Process

Date: November 26, 2012
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report provides a brief explanation of baselines and scorekeeping and their uses in the federal budget process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Rules Changes Affecting the Congressional Budget Process Made at the Beginning of the 112th Congress

House Rules Changes Affecting the Congressional Budget Process Made at the Beginning of the 112th Congress

Date: July 20, 2011
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report discusses the changes to the congressional budget process under H.Res. 5 (an agreement made January 5, 2011), which includes six changes made to the House Standing Rules as well as separate orders also affecting the process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Reconciliation Legislation: Development and Consideration

Budget Reconciliation Legislation: Development and Consideration

Date: November 26, 2012
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report briefly discusses the budget reconciliation process, which is an optional two-step process Congress may use to assure compliance with the direct spending, revenue, and debt-limit levels set forth in budget resolutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Fiscal Year

The Federal Fiscal Year

Date: February 25, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report discusses the federal fiscal year which is the accounting period of the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Debt Limit Legislation: The House "Gephardt Rule"

Debt Limit Legislation: The House "Gephardt Rule"

Date: July 27, 2015
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report describes the legislative history of the Gephardt rule, initially codified as Rule XLIX of the Standing Rules of the House of Representatives, which was established by P.L. 96-78 (93 Stat. 589-591). The goal of the act was to provide for a temporary increase in the public debt limit to contextualize the issue within other budget policies and to reduce time spent and the number of votes taken on the issue. The report also explains its features and reviews how it operated before it was repealed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Date: August 6, 2015
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report discusses the procedure for adjusting the public debt limit. Nearly all of the outstanding debt of the federal government is subject to a statutory limit, which is set forth as a dollar limitation in 31 U.S.C. 3101(b). From time to time, Congress considers and passes legislation to adjust or suspend this limit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Functional Categories of the Federal Budget

Functional Categories of the Federal Budget

Date: March 23, 1998
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: This report discusses the functional categories, which provide a broad statement of budget priorities and facilitate the analysis of trends in related programs regardless of the type of financial transaction or agency organization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Formulation and Content of the Budget Resolution

Formulation and Content of the Budget Resolution

Date: July 17, 2003
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: This report discusses the budget resolution, which provides the framework for subsequent legislative action on the annual appropriations bills, revenue measures, debt-limit legislation, reconciliation legislation (if required), and any other budgetary legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Resolutions: Historical Information

Congressional Budget Resolutions: Historical Information

Date: February 7, 2014
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report provides current and historical information on the budget resolution. It provides a list of the budget resolutions adopted and rejected by Congress since implementation of the Budget Act, and describes their formulation and content. The report also provides information on the consideration and adoption of budget resolutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Basic Federal Budgeting Terminology

Basic Federal Budgeting Terminology

Date: November 22, 2004
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the basic terminology and concepts used in the federal budget process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Spending Pipeline: Stages of Federal Spending

The Spending Pipeline: Stages of Federal Spending

Date: November 22, 2006
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report briefly outlines the process for federal government spending, a multi-step process in which budget authority is enacted and obligated, and outlays are generated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Revenue Legislation in the Congressional Budget Process

Revenue Legislation in the Congressional Budget Process

Date: June 13, 2003
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report discusses revenue legislation, which may include changes to individual and corporate income taxes, social insurance taxes, excise taxes, or tariffs and duties. Congressional consideration of revenue legislation is governed by various constitutional provisions and procedural rules.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Functional Categories of the Federal Budget

Functional Categories of the Federal Budget

Date: June 13, 2003
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report presents a list of the 20 functional categories currently included in the federal budget, as well as the sub-functions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Resolution Enforcement

Budget Resolution Enforcement

Date: November 22, 2006
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report briefly discusses the annual budget resolution, which sets forth Congress's budget plan for a period of at least five fiscal years. It includes total levels of new budget authority, outlays, revenues, the deficit, and the public debt for each of the fiscal years covered. Once a budget resolution is adopted, Congress may enforce its provisions, through points of order, at several levels: the total levels of spending and revenues, the level of resources allocated to committees, and the level of resources allocated to the appropriations subcommittees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Fiscal Year

The Federal Fiscal Year

Date: June 17, 2008
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report discusses the federal fiscal year which is the accounting period of the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of the Office of Management and Budget in Budget Development

The Role of the Office of Management and Budget in Budget Development

Date: August 28, 2003
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report discusses the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), which assists the President in carrying out his budgetary duties. Its primary function is to oversee the development and implementation of the federal budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Date: May 6, 2016
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report discusses the procedure for adjusting the public debt limit. Nearly all of the outstanding debt of the federal government is subject to a statutory limit, which is set forth as a dollar limitation in 31 U.S.C. 3101(b). From time to time, Congress considers and passes legislation to adjust or suspend this limit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Basic Federal Budgeting Terminology

Basic Federal Budgeting Terminology

Date: April 27, 1998
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: In its most elemental form, the federal budget is a comprehensive accounting of the government’s spending, revenues, and borrowing. This fact sheet provides a brief overview of the basic terminology and concepts used in the federal budget process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Resolutions: Historical Information

Congressional Budget Resolutions: Historical Information

Date: April 4, 2011
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr. & Murray, Justin
Description: This report looks at the history and processes of budget resolution in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Resolutions: Historical Information

Congressional Budget Resolutions: Historical Information

Date: March 13, 2012
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr. & Murray, Justin
Description: A look at the history and processes of budget resolution in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Consideration of the Budget Resolution

Consideration of the Budget Resolution

Date: May 29, 1998
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: Consideration of a concurrent budget resolution is governed by special procedures in the House and Senate. Although the procedures of each chamber differ, they serve generally to expedite consideration of the budget resolution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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