Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund Expenditures

Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund Expenditures

Date: January 25, 2010
Creator: Frittelli, John
Description: This report reviews the legislative history of the Harbor Maintenance Tax (HMT) and legal challenges to it, discusses the advantages and disadvantages of alternative funding mechanisms, and describes the commercial context of current dredging activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

Date: July 28, 2006
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: The proposed acquisition of major operations in six major U.S. ports by Dubai Ports World and of Unocal by the China National Offshore Oil Corporation sparked intense concerns among some Members of Congress and the public and has reignited the debate over what role foreign acquisitions play in U.S. national security. The United States actively promotes internationally the national treatment of foreign firms. Several Members of Congress have introduced various measures during the 2nd Session of the 109th Congress that can be grouped into four major areas: those that deal specifically with the proposed Dubai Ports World acquisition; those that focus more generally on foreign ownership of U.S. ports; those that would amend the CFIUS process; and those that would amend the Exon-Florio process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Harbor Maintenance Finance and Funding

Harbor Maintenance Finance and Funding

Date: September 11, 2013
Creator: Frittelli, John
Description: This report discusses the harbor maintenance trust fund (HMTF), which receives revenue from taxes on waterborne cargo and on cruise ship passengers. The future of the HMTF is a major issue in consideration of the Water Resources Development Act (WRDA), which is now pending in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund Expenditures

Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund Expenditures

Date: January 10, 2011
Creator: Frittelli, John
Description: In 1986, the Harbor Maintenance Tax (HMT) was enacted to fund U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' (USACE or the Corps) activities related to the routine operation and maintenance (O&M) of harbors, namely the dredging of harbor channels to their authorized depths and widths. Economic and equity issues related to HMT expenditures and collections are the main focus of this report. Before analyzing these issues, the report reviews the legislative history of the tax and legal challenges to it, discusses the advantages and disadvantages of alternative funding mechanisms, and describes the commercial context of current dredging activity. The last section identifies legislation related to harbor maintenance funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act (LHWCA): Overview of Workers' Compensation for Certain Private- Sector Maritime Workers

The Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act (LHWCA): Overview of Workers' Compensation for Certain Private- Sector Maritime Workers

Date: November 29, 2010
Creator: Szymendera, Scott
Description: This report discusses the Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act (LHWCA), a federal workers' compensation program that covers certain private-sector maritime workers. More than $980 million in LHWCA benefits are paid each year. The LHWCA is administered by the Department of Labor (DOL) and all benefit costs are paid by employers and their insurance carriers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Harbors and Inland Waterways: An Overview of Federal Financing

Harbors and Inland Waterways: An Overview of Federal Financing

Date: January 12, 2004
Creator: Carter, Nicole T & Frittelli, Robert S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

Date: July 28, 2006
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) is an interagency committee that serves the President in overseeing the national security implications of foreign investment in the economy. Since it was established by an Executive Order of President Ford in 1975, the committee has operated in relative obscurity.1 According to a Treasury Department memorandum, the Committee originally was established in order to placate Congress, which had grown concerned over the rapid increase in Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) investments in American portfolio assets (Treasury securities, corporate stocks and bonds), and to respond to concerns of some that much of the OPEC investments were being driven by political, rather than by economic, motives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

Date: April 24, 2006
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) is an interagency committee that serves the President in overseeing the national security implications of foreign investment in the economy. Since it was established by an Executive Order of President Ford in 1975, the committee has operated in relative obscurity.1 According to a Treasury Department memorandum, the Committee originally was established in order to placate Congress, which had grown concerned over the rapid increase in Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) investments in American portfolio assets (Treasury securities, corporate stocks and bonds), and to respond to concerns of some that much of the OPEC investments were being driven by political, rather than by economic, motives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

Date: May 17, 2006
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) is an interagency committee that serves the President in overseeing the national security implications of foreign investment in the economy. Since it was established by an Executive Order of President Ford in 1975, the committee has operated in relative obscurity.1 According to a Treasury Department memorandum, the Committee originally was established in order to placate Congress, which had grown concerned over the rapid increase in Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) investments in American portfolio assets (Treasury securities, corporate stocks and bonds), and to respond to concerns of some that much of the OPEC investments were being driven by political, rather than by economic, motives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Harbor Maintenance Tax and the 106th Congress

The Harbor Maintenance Tax and the 106th Congress

Date: January 19, 1999
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terminal Operators and Their Role in U.S. Port and Maritime Security

Terminal Operators and Their Role in U.S. Port and Maritime Security

Date: April 20, 2006
Creator: Frittelli, John F & Lake, Jennifer E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DECONTAMINATING AND PROCESSING DREDGED MATERIAL FOR BENEFICIAL USE

DECONTAMINATING AND PROCESSING DREDGED MATERIAL FOR BENEFICIAL USE

Date: July 1, 2000
Creator: CLESCERI,N.L.; STERN,E.A.; FENG,H. & JONES,K.W.
Description: Management of contaminated dredged material is a major problem in the Port of New York and New Jersey. One component of an overall management plan can be the application of a decontamination technology followed by creation of a product suitable for beneficial use. This concept is the focus of a project now being carried out by the US Environmental Protection Agency-Region 2, the US Army Corps of Engineers-New York District, the US Department of Energy-Brookhaven National Laboratory, and regional university groups that have included Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Rutgers University, New Jersey Institute of Technology, and Stevens Institute of Technology. The project has gone through phased testing of commercial technologies at the bench scale (15 liters) and pilot scale (1.5--500 m{sup 3}) levels. Several technologies are now going forward to large-scale demonstrations that are intended to treat from 23,000 to 60,000 m{sup 3}. Selections of the technologies were made based on the effectiveness of the treatment process, evaluation of the possible beneficial use of the treated materials, and other factors. Major elements of the project are summarized here.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DECONTAMINATION OF DREDGED MATERIAL FROM THE PORT OF NEW YORK AND NEW JERSEY

DECONTAMINATION OF DREDGED MATERIAL FROM THE PORT OF NEW YORK AND NEW JERSEY

Date: June 1, 1999
Creator: JONES,K.W.; STERN,E.A.; DONATO,K.R. & CLESCERI,N.L.
Description: The Port of New York and New Jersey ranks first in the US in volume of petroleum products handled each year. In addition, many refineries are in operation on the New Jersey side of the Port. These activities have led to the discharge of significant amounts of petroleum hydrocarbons into the waters of the New York/New Jersey region. Intense industrial and commercial activities have also brought about major inputs of other organic and inorganic contaminants as would be expected in an industrialized, heavily populated urban port. Sediments that then are contaminated are a major problem for the region since they can no longer be disposed of by the traditional method of ocean disposal following the dredging operations required for the efficient operation of the Port. Decontamination and beneficial reuse of the dredged materials is one component of a comprehensive dredged material management plan being developed by the US Army Corps of Engineers. A demonstration decontamination project extending from bench- to field-scale operations is now in progress in the Port, and its current status and relevance for other regions is summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
MAINTAINING ACCESS TO AMERICA'S INTERMODAL PORTS/TECHNOLOGIES FOR DECONTAMINATION OF DREDGED SEDIMENT: NEW YORK/NEW JERSEY HARBOR

MAINTAINING ACCESS TO AMERICA'S INTERMODAL PORTS/TECHNOLOGIES FOR DECONTAMINATION OF DREDGED SEDIMENT: NEW YORK/NEW JERSEY HARBOR

Date: May 1, 1998
Creator: STERN,E.A.; JONES,K.; DONATO,K.; PAULING,J.D.; SONTAG,J.G.; CLESCERI,N.L. et al.
Description: One of the greatest drivers for maintaining access to America's Intermodal ports and related infrastructure redevelopment efforts over the next several years will be the control and treatment of contaminated sediments dredged from the nation's waterways. More than 306 million cubic meters (m{sup 3}) (400 million cubic yards [cy]) of sediments are dredged annually from US waterways, and each year close to 46 million m{sup 3} (60 million cy) of this material is disposed of in the ocean (EPA 842-F-96-003). The need to protect the environment against undesirable effects from sediment dredging and disposal practices is gaining increased attention from the public and governmental agencies. Meeting this need is a challenging task not only from the standpoint of solving formidable scientific and engineering problems, but also, and more importantly, from the need to implement complex collaborations among the many different parties concerned with the problem. Some 40 years ago, C.P. Snow pointed out the problems involved in communicating between the two cultures of the sciences and the humanities (Snow, 1993). Today, it is necessary to extend Snow's concept to a multicultural realm with groups that include governmental, industrial, environmental, academic, and the general public communicating in different languages based on ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
MICRO X-RAY FLUORESCENCE TOMOGRAPHY ON SINGLE SEDIMENT PARTICLES FROM NEW YORK/NEW JERSEY HARBOR.

MICRO X-RAY FLUORESCENCE TOMOGRAPHY ON SINGLE SEDIMENT PARTICLES FROM NEW YORK/NEW JERSEY HARBOR.

Date: June 18, 2000
Creator: VEKEMANS,B.; VINCZE,L.; SZALOKI,V.I.; VAN GRIEKEN,R.; ADAMS,F.; RIEKEL,C. et al.
Description: No abstract prepared.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
HIGH RESOLUTION X-RAY FLUORESCENCE MICRO-TOMOGRAPHY ON SINGLE SEDIMENT PARTICLES.

HIGH RESOLUTION X-RAY FLUORESCENCE MICRO-TOMOGRAPHY ON SINGLE SEDIMENT PARTICLES.

Date: July 29, 2002
Creator: VINCZE,L.; VEKEMANS,B.; SZALOKI,I.; JANSSENS,K.; VAN GRIEKEN,R.; FENG,H. et al.
Description: This work focuses on the investigation of the distribution of contaminants in individual sediment particles from the New York/New Jersey Harbor. Knowledge of the spatial distribution of the contaminants within the particles is needed to enable (1) more sophisticated approaches to the understanding of the fate and transport of the contaminants in the environment and (2) more refined methods for cleaning the sediments. The size of the investigated particles ranges from 30-80 microns. Due to the low concentration of the elements of interest and the microscopic size of the environmental particles in these measurements, the small size and high intensity of the analyzing X-ray beam was critical. The high photon flux at the ESRF Microfocus beam line (ID13) was used as the basis for fluorescence tomography to investigate whether the inorganic compounds are taken upon the surface organic coating or whether they are distributed through the volume of the grains being analyzed. The experiments were done using a 13 keV monochromatic beam of approximately 2 {micro}m in size having an intensity of 10{sup 10} ph/s, allowing absolute detection limits on the 0.04-1 fg level for Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, and Zn.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
SEDIMENT DECONTAMINATION WITH BENEFICIAL USE FOR THE PORT OF NEW YORK AND NEW JERSEY.

SEDIMENT DECONTAMINATION WITH BENEFICIAL USE FOR THE PORT OF NEW YORK AND NEW JERSEY.

Date: May 1, 2002
Creator: STERN,E.A.; JONES,K.W.; DOUGLAS,W.S.; FENG,H.; CLESCERI,N.L. & LODGE,J.L.
Description: Effective operation of the multi-state Port ofNew York/New Jersey (Port), which contributes $20 billion to the regional economy and generates nearly 250,000 jobs, is dependent on yearly navigational dredging of several million m{sup 3} of sediment for channel maintenance and deepening. Further dredging is required for remediation of environmentally sensitive areas. However, more stringent ocean placement testing regulations in the Port region have necessitated a search for other means of handling the most contaminated dredged materials. Here, we describe a dredged material decontamination program for the Port aimed at the creation of sediment decontamination facilities that produce a beneficial use product to obviate the need for ocean placement. These facilities, to be a viable component of an overall dredged material management plan, must be environmentally balanced and economically feasible with the predictable ability to process large volumes of dredged materials with rapid turn-around. Our program recognizes that the responsible management of contaminated dredged materials is a complex problem that requires the effective application and coordination of a variety of cross-cutting skills to make decontamination facilities a reality. Participants do not come from a single agency, but are ad hoc teams of scientists, engineers, regulators, port authorities and operators, technology development ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
SEAPORT LIQUID NATURAL GAS STUDY

SEAPORT LIQUID NATURAL GAS STUDY

Date: February 1, 1999
Creator: COOK,Z.
Description: The Seaport Liquid Natural Gas Study has attempted to evaluate the potential for using LNG in a variety of heavy-duty vehicle and equipment applications at the Ports of Los Angeles and Oakland. Specifically, this analysis has focused on the handling and transport of containerized cargo to, from and within these two facilities. In terms of containerized cargo throughput, Los Angeles and Oakland are the second and sixth busiest ports in the US, respectively, and together handle nearly 4.5 million TEUs per year. At present, the landside handling and transportation of containerized cargo is heavily dependent on diesel-powered, heavy-duty vehicles and equipment, the utilization of which contributes significantly to the overall emissions impact of port-related activities. Emissions from diesel units have been the subject of increasing scrutiny and regulatory action, particularly in California. In the past two years alone, particulate matter from diesel exhaust has been listed as a toxic air contaminant by CAM, and major lawsuits have been filed against several of California's largest supermarket chains, alleging violation of Proposition 65 statutes in connection with diesel emissions from their distribution facilities. CARE3 has also indicated that it may take further regulatory action relating to the TAC listing. In spite of ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An investigation of the feasibility of building a harbor on the West coast of South America using explosive power of nuclear weapons, a preliminary report

An investigation of the feasibility of building a harbor on the West coast of South America using explosive power of nuclear weapons, a preliminary report

Date: December 31, 1971
Creator: Zodtner, H. H.
Description: There is an interest in discovering the various peace time uses of nuclear explosives. One of the proposals is the building of harbors. There are several ports along the west coast of South America where lighterage is necessary. This implies a need for expanded harbor facilities. The problem is to find a good location for creating a harbor, and the feasibility of accomplishing this with the use of nuclear force. Feasibility includes blast effects, radiation hazards, the number of weapons needed, and economic considerations. Economic considerations include the cost of treating a harbor of sufficient depth and area, the building of harbor facilities, and the estimated savings and advantages of the new harbor. Several meetings were held with naval personnel of the Military Liaison group at UCRL to discuss the general problems of harbors. Thirty-three different ports were given a preliminary investigation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Program activities for Plowshare: Letter to J.S. Kelly, AEC

Program activities for Plowshare: Letter to J.S. Kelly, AEC

Date: February 3, 1967
Creator: Werth, G. C.
Description: No abstract available.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Long range plan - Plowshare excavation program (Book 1 - 1966/1967 excavation program binder)

Long range plan - Plowshare excavation program (Book 1 - 1966/1967 excavation program binder)

Date: September 7, 1967
Creator: Knox, J. B.
Description: The purpose of this report is to present a proposed five-year program for the Plowshare Excavation Program. In preparing this study we proceed as follows: (a) Review the significant advances (since 1963) in nuclear excavation technology, and (b) identify the key uncertainties in that technology. After completing these two steps, we then proceed to identify key experiments and any new measurements that may be required to increase our predictive capability and/or to resolve the major uncertainties. It is probably clear that if one proceeds in this fashion one may not necessarily arrive at the existing long range excavation program (e.g., the definitions of experiments beyond Cabriolet and Buggy). In fact, one might expect to derive a significantly different long range plan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Glass composition development for stabilization of New York Harbor sediment

Glass composition development for stabilization of New York Harbor sediment

Date: January 1, 1996
Creator: Marra, J.C.
Description: Sediment from the New York Harbor must be periodically dredged in order to maintain adequate water depths for navigation. In the past, disposal of the sediment in the ocean was routine. Recently, the sediment was found to contain organics and heavy metals which may prevent direct ocean disposal. Methods are currently being evaluated for decontamination and disposal of the sediment. Vitrification is a technology being investigated. As part of this effort the appropriate glass formulations for stabilization of the sediment were developed. Crucible melting tests were used to identify and `optimized` glass composition for stabilization of the harbor sediment. Criteria to assess the suitability of the glass compositions included: waste loading, homogeneity, raw material cost and melt viscosity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ecological evaluation of proposed dredged material from Richmond Harbor Deepening Project and the intensive study of the Turning Basin

Ecological evaluation of proposed dredged material from Richmond Harbor Deepening Project and the intensive study of the Turning Basin

Date: June 1, 1995
Creator: Pinza, M.R.; Mayhew, H.L.; Karle, L.M.; Kohn, N.P.; White, P.J.; Word, J.Q. et al.
Description: Richmond Harbor is on the eastern shoreline of central San Francisco Bay and its access channels and several of the shipping berths are no longer wide or deep enough to accommodate modem deeper-draft vessels. The Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (PL99-662) authorized the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), San Francisco District to deepen and widen the navigation channels in Richmond Harbor. Several options for disposal of the material from this dredging project are under consideration by USACE: disposal within San Francisco Bay, at open-ocean disposal sites, or at uplands disposal sites. Purpose of this study was to conduct comprehensive evaluations, including chemical, biological, and bioaccumulation testing of sediments in selected areas of Richmond Harbor. This information was required by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and USACE. Battelle/Marine Sciences Laboratory collected 20 core samples, both 4-in. and 12-in., to a project depth of -40 ft mean lower low water (MLLW) (-38 ft MLLW plus 2 ft of overdepth) using a vibratory-hammer core. These 20 field samples were combined to form five test composites plus an older bay mud (OBM) composite that were analyzed for physical/chemical parameters, biological toxicity, and tissue chemistry. Solid-phase tests were conducted with the amphipod, Rhepoxynius ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A system dynamics approach to intermodalism at the Port of Lewiston

A system dynamics approach to intermodalism at the Port of Lewiston

Date: August 1, 1996
Creator: Sebo, D.
Description: Intermodalism refers to interconnections among modes of transportation, e.g., road, rail, water, and air. Effective intermodal planning must cross boundaries between the public and private sectors as well as transportation modes. The development of an effective and efficient intermodal transportation system requires the identification of barriers to intermodal transportation and the investigation of the impact of proposed changes in infrastructure development, policies, regulations, and planning. A systems approach is necessary to adequately represent the interaction between the sometimes incompatible concerns of all modes and stakeholders. A systems dynamics model of intermodalism at the Port of Lewiston has been developed to highlight leverage points, hidden assumptions, second order effects resulting from feedback loops and system drivers. The purpose of this document is to present the results of the system dynamics model work.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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