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Disclosure of Children's Positive Serostatus to Family and Nonfamily Members: Informal Caregivers in Togo, West Africa

Disclosure of Children's Positive Serostatus to Family and Nonfamily Members: Informal Caregivers in Togo, West Africa

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Moore, Ami R. & Williamson, David Allen
Description: Article on the disclosure of children's positive serostatus to family and nonfamily members.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service
Perceptions of Control and Social Support: Correlates of HIV-Related Self-Efficacy

Perceptions of Control and Social Support: Correlates of HIV-Related Self-Efficacy

Date: May 2011
Creator: Lopez, Eliot Jay
Description: This study examines the extent to which locus of control and social support are linked to self-efficacy with regard to disease management in HIV-positive adults. Perceived ability to effectively manage illness was measured with the Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Disease Scale. Scores from the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and the Multidimensional Locus of Control Scale were used as predictors. The gender-balanced sample (N = 69) of HIV+ adults was primarily African-American (65.3%) and European American (30.5%), with a mean age of 47 years (SD = 8.37). Correlational analyses suggested significant positive relationships between self-efficacy, social support, and locus of control due to powerful others. A regression analysis found that the model accounted for 23% of the variance in self-efficacy (adj. R-squared =.23, F (5, 63) = 4.81, p < .01), with social support (&#946; = .37, t = 3.28, p < .01) and locus of control (&#946; = .25, t = 2.26, p < .05) both significant predictors. Results suggest that social support and locus of control contribute to the belief that HIV can be managed. Interestingly, an external locus of control contributed to this belief, perhaps due to the perception of a physician, religious icon, or partner ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
HIV in Asia: History, Challenges, and Solutions

HIV in Asia: History, Challenges, and Solutions

Date: December 1, 2011
Creator: Chng, Chwee-Lye
Description: This presentation is part of the faculty lecture series UNT Speaks Out on HIV/AIDS. This presentation discusses HIV in Asia, including its history, challenges, and solutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Education
Current Behavioral and Psychosocial Interventions for HIV/AIDS

Current Behavioral and Psychosocial Interventions for HIV/AIDS

Date: December 1, 2011
Creator: Vosvick, Mark A.
Description: This presentation is part of the faculty lecture series UNT Speaks Out on AIDS. This presentation discusses recent directions in psychosocial research on HIV/AIDS in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences
World AIDS Day

World AIDS Day

Date: December 1, 2011
Creator: Mondragon-Becker, Antonio
Description: This poster introduces the faculty lecture series UNT Speaks Out on HIV/AIDS. This series features Dr. Mark Vosvick, associate professor of psychology, Dr. Chwee-Lye Chng, regents professor of kinesiology, health promotion, and recreational studies, Dr. Joseph R. Oppong, professor of geography, and Dr. Ami R. Moore, associate professor of sociology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa

HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa

Date: December 1, 2011
Creator: Moore, Ami R.
Description: This presentation is part of the faculty lecture series UNT Speaks Out on HIV/AIDS. This presentation discusses HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service
Geographic Distribution of HIV/AIDS in Texas

Geographic Distribution of HIV/AIDS in Texas

Date: December 1, 2011
Creator: Oppong, Joseph R.
Description: This presentation is part of the faculty lecture series UNT Speaks Out on HIV/AIDS. This presentation discusses the geographic distribution of HIV/AIDS in Texas and the associated factors.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences
An Investigation of the Relationship between HIV and Prison Facilities in Texas: The Geographic Variation and Vulnerable Neighborhood Characteristics

An Investigation of the Relationship between HIV and Prison Facilities in Texas: The Geographic Variation and Vulnerable Neighborhood Characteristics

Date: August 2011
Creator: Kutch, Libbey
Description: Previous research suggests that prisons may be fueling the spread of HIV infection in the general population. In 2005, the HIV rate was more than 2.5 times higher in US prison populations. Environmental factors in prisons such as illicit drug use and unprotected sexual activities can be conducive for HIV transmission. Because the vast majority of prison inmates are incarcerated for less than three years, transmission of HIV between prison inmates and members of the general population may occur at a high rate. The environment in which an individual lives and the entities that comprise it affect the health of that person. Thus the location of prisons within communities, as well as socio-demographic characteristics may influence the geography of HIV infection. HIV surveillance data, obtained from the Texas Department of State Health Services, were used to investigate the relationship between the location of prison units in Texas and HIV infection rates in the surrounding zip codes. The results suggest that HIV prevalence rates are higher among geographic areas in close proximity to a prison unit. With continued behavioral risks and low treatment adherence rates among individuals infected with HIV, there is a possibility of increased HIV prevalence. Vulnerable places, locations ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Positive and Negative Affect: Differential Impact of Optimism, Pessimism, and Coping in People Living with HIV/AIDS

Positive and Negative Affect: Differential Impact of Optimism, Pessimism, and Coping in People Living with HIV/AIDS

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: August 2005
Creator: Ranucci, Melissa B.
Description: People living with HIV/AIDS (PLH) struggle with depression. Recent research suggests that depression affects medical regimen adherence, disease progression, and risky sexual behaviors. The present study uses a stress and coping theory viewing HIV-related stigma and physical symptoms as stressors in PLH. Results suggest whereas symptoms and stigma consistently predict negative affect, positive affect, and overall depression, the role of optimism, pessimism, active coping, denial, and behavioral disengagement is not as clear. Pessimism and denial predict negative affect and depression. Optimism and behavioral disengagement predict depression and positive affect. Active coping only predicts positive affect. Focusing on positive and negative affect as distinct components that contribute to overall depression may help researchers develop interventions more effectively.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
[AIDS Resource Center PSA]

[AIDS Resource Center PSA]

Date: [1983..1988]
Creator: AIDS Resource Center
Description: Flyer for the AIDS Resource Center advertising services that the organization provides as part of its community outreach and educational programming.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections
[Letter to the Editor from Ann Brown - 1983]

[Letter to the Editor from Ann Brown - 1983]

Date: 1983
Creator: Brown, Ann
Description: Letter from Ann Brown to members of the Dallas Gay Alliance concerning issues during 1983 centering around the AIDS epidemic and the Texas Freedom Festival.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections
Psychosocial and Spiritual Factors Affecting Persons Living with HIV and AIDS

Psychosocial and Spiritual Factors Affecting Persons Living with HIV and AIDS

Date: August 1993
Creator: Elkins, Tamara L. (Tamara Lynn)
Description: The purposes of this study were (a) to examine whether social support decreases as the person with HIV disease progresses from asymptomatic HIV to symptomatic AIDS and (b) to examine the extent to which general well-being might be mediated through a religious and/or spiritual support system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Preparedness to Counsel HIV-Positive Clients: a Survey of Practitioners

Preparedness to Counsel HIV-Positive Clients: a Survey of Practitioners

Date: December 1994
Creator: Rowe, Christina J. (Christina Jo)
Description: This purpose of this study was to investigate and examine the attitudes of therapists who treat HIV-positive (HIV+) clients. Specifically, therapists' perceptions of their own preparedness in dealing with specific issues and emotions of HIV+ clients were examined. Also, therapists' evaluation of their own efficacy of specific therapeutic approaches with HIV+ clients was examined. These therapists' perceptions and evaluations of all their clients in general were compared to their HIV+ clients. Comparisons were also made within the two groups.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
HIV and Duty to Protect: a Survey of Licensed Professional Counselors and Physicians

HIV and Duty to Protect: a Survey of Licensed Professional Counselors and Physicians

Date: May 1995
Creator: Johnson, Laura K. (Laura Kimberly)
Description: This study was designed to investigate what course of action therapists and physicians report they would take in reconciling their conflicting duties to maintain confidentiality and protect third parties from harm in HIV-related situations. The physicians surveyed were licensed to practice medicine in Texas and board certified in Internal Medicine. The therapists surveyed were licensed professional counselors in Texas and members of one of three selected divisions within the Texas Counseling Association. A survey instrument developed by the researcher was mailed to 200 subjects randomly selected from each group.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Perceived Stress as a Mediator Between Self-Efficacy and Depression in HIV positive Individuals

Perceived Stress as a Mediator Between Self-Efficacy and Depression in HIV positive Individuals

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Parks, Eddie; Vosvick, Mark A. & Chng, Chwee-Lye
Description: Presentation for the 2011 University Scholars Day at the University of North Texas discussing research on perceived stress as a mediator between self-efficacy and depression in human immunodeficiency virus positive (HIV+) individuals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College
HIV/AIDS Management and Control in sub-Saharan Africa

HIV/AIDS Management and Control in sub-Saharan Africa

Date: April 15, 2010
Creator: Echun, Akello & Spinks, Todd
Description: Paper on HIV/AIDS management and control in sub-Saharan Africa.
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College
The roles of stress, self-distraction and behavioral disengagement: Perceived stigma in HIV-positive individuals

The roles of stress, self-distraction and behavioral disengagement: Perceived stigma in HIV-positive individuals

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Gomez, Brooke; Chng, Chwee-Lye & Vosvick, Mark A.
Description: Paper on denial, daily hassles, and health distress in HIV positive individuals. The authors' findings are important from a therapeutic perspective, and suggest that experiencing hassles and choosing to use denial as a coping strategy are associated with more health distress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College
Anger Within an HIV+ Population in Relation to Stigma and Anxiety

Anger Within an HIV+ Population in Relation to Stigma and Anxiety

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Pierson, Mark & Vosvick, Mark A.
Description: Presentation for the 2011 University Scholars Day at the University of North Texas discussing research on anger within a human immunodeficiency virus positive (HIV+) population in relation to stigma and anxiety.
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College
Correlates of Vitality in HIV+ Adults: Perceived Social Support and Life Regard

Correlates of Vitality in HIV+ Adults: Perceived Social Support and Life Regard

Date: April 15, 2010
Creator: Nguyen, Yen; Chng, Chwee-Lye; Vosvick, Mark A. & Perales, Marissa
Description: Presentation for the 2010 University Scholars Day at the University of North Texas discussing research on the correlates of vitality in HIV positive adults and perceived social support and life regard.
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College
The Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Texas in Ages 25-49 (1999-2010)

The Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Texas in Ages 25-49 (1999-2010)

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Rodriguez, Jonathan & Oppong, Joseph R.
Description: This paper discusses research on the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Texas in ages 25-49.
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College
Denial, Daily Hassles, and Health Distress in HIV Positive Individuals

Denial, Daily Hassles, and Health Distress in HIV Positive Individuals

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Gomez, Brooke; DeSena, Thomas; Miller, James; Deaton, Kyle; Ridings, John & Vosvick, Mark A.
Description: Presentation for the 2011 University Scholars Day at the University of North Texas discussing research on denial, daily hassles, and distress in HIV positive individuals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College
Do Anger Expressions, Coping Strategies and Interpersonal Support Dynamics Relate to CD4 Count in HIV-Positive Adults?

Do Anger Expressions, Coping Strategies and Interpersonal Support Dynamics Relate to CD4 Count in HIV-Positive Adults?

Date: April 19, 2012
Creator: Pierson, Mark & Vosvick, Mark A.
Description: Paper on whether anger expressions, coping strategies and interpersonal support dynamics relate to CD4 count in HIV positive adults.
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College
Do Anger Expressions, Coping Strategies and Interpersonal Support Dynamics Relate to CD4 Count in HIV-Positive Adults? [Presentation]

Do Anger Expressions, Coping Strategies and Interpersonal Support Dynamics Relate to CD4 Count in HIV-Positive Adults? [Presentation]

Date: April 19, 2012
Creator: Pierson, Mark & Vosvick, Mark A.
Description: Presentation for the 2012 University Scholars Day at the University of North Texas discussing anger expressions, coping strategies, and interpersonal support dynamics relating to CD4 count in human immunodeficiency virus positive (HIV+) adults.
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College
The Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Texas in Ages 25-49 (1999-2010) [Presentation]

The Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Texas in Ages 25-49 (1999-2010) [Presentation]

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Rodriguez, Jonathan & Oppong, Joseph R.
Description: Presentation for the 2011 University Scholars Day at the University of North Texas discussing the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Texas in ages 25-49 from 1999 to 2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College
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