Trends in Discretionary Spending

Trends in Discretionary Spending

Date: January 24, 2014
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report provides a graphical overview of historical trends in discretionary budget authority (BA) from FY1976 through FY2011, enacted levels for FY2012 spending, and the levels consistent with President Obama's proposals for FY2013 through FY2017. It also includes a background on functional categories and a section discussing historical spending trends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Civil Aviation Programs: In Brief

Federal Civil Aviation Programs: In Brief

Date: December 16, 2013
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report discusses the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) programs and activities are funded under four broad budget accounts: operations and maintenance (such as air traffic control and aviation safety functions); facilities and equipment (such as control towers and navigation beacons); grants for airport improvements under the airports improvement program (AIP); and civil aviation research and development conducted or sponsored by FAA. Additionally, aviation programs fund aviation programs administered by the Department of Transportation (DOT) Office of the Secretary, including the Essential Air Service Program that subsidizes airline service to certain small and isolated communities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Date: January 24, 2014
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report provides a graphical overview of historical trends in discretionary budget authority (BA) from FY1976 through FY2012, preliminary estimates for FY2013 spending, and the levels consistent with the President's proposals for FY2014 through FY2018 using data from President Obama's FY2014 budget submission that was released on April 10, 2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wastebook 2012

Wastebook 2012

Date: October 2012
Creator: Coburn, Tom
Description: Senator Tom Coburn released his Wastebook 2012, a report outlining wasteful federal policies that cost taxpayers more than $19 billion dollars a year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Summary Report: FY2014 Supplemental Appropriations

Summary Report: FY2014 Supplemental Appropriations

Date: July 30, 2014
Creator: Painter, William L.
Description: Report concerning appropriations requested to address the issues of children illegally crossing the southwest border and a shortfall of funds needed to pay for wildfires.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget Control Act and Trends in Discretionary Spending

The Budget Control Act and Trends in Discretionary Spending

Date: April 2, 2014
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report mostly discusses trends in outlays (disbursements from the U.S. Treasury).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Expenditures and the Federal Budget

Tax Expenditures and the Federal Budget

Date: May 26, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: Among the options likely to be considered to deal with the long-term fiscal problem is reform of the federal tax system. The growth of the alternative minimum tax (AMT) and the expiration of the 2001 and 2003 tax cuts in 2010 will likely force some action on tax policy. The perception that the federal tax system is too complex and unfair could lead to public support for tax reform. Past efforts to reform the federal tax system have included policies to rein in the use and expense of tax expenditures--the special deductions, exclusions, exemptions, and credits resulting in revenue losses. This report examines tax expenditures within the context of the federal budget and discusses tax expenditure analysis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The FY2011 Federal Budget

The FY2011 Federal Budget

Date: August 4, 2010
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report provides an historical overview of the budget trends through the most recently completed fiscal year (2009). It discusses major budgetary challenges over the past several fiscal years given the current economic conditions and provides an in-depth discussion of the FY2011 budget process. Finally, it provides context for the issues facing the country's federal budget over the long term. This report will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improper Payments Information Act of 2002: Background, Implementation, and Assessment

Improper Payments Information Act of 2002: Background, Implementation, and Assessment

Date: July 27, 2010
Creator: Hatch, Garrett & McMurtry, Virginia A.
Description: This report discusses the Improper Payments Information Act (IPIA). Signed into law in 2002, the law requires agencies to identify each year programs and activities vulnerable to significant improper payments, to estimate the amount of overpayments or underpayments, and to report to Congress on steps being taken to reduce such payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch Revolving Funds

Legislative Branch Revolving Funds

Date: August 25, 2010
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A. & Straus, Jacob R.
Description: Legislative branch revolving funds support the "business-type activities" of the House, Senate, and legislative branch agencies. This report traces the establishment, use, and recent development of these funds. Where available, the current status of funds is provided, using standard federal government budget object classifications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improper Payments Information Act of 2002: Background, Implementation, and Assessment

Improper Payments Information Act of 2002: Background, Implementation, and Assessment

Date: May 7, 2010
Creator: Hatch, Garrett & McMurtry, Virginia A.
Description: This report discusses the Improper Payments Information Act (IPIA), which signed into law in 2002 requires agencies to identify each year programs and activities vulnerable to significant improper payments, to estimate the amount of overpayments or underpayments, and to report to Congress on steps being taken to reduce such payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Location-Based Preferences in Federal and Federally Funded Contracting: An Overview of the Law

Location-Based Preferences in Federal and Federally Funded Contracting: An Overview of the Law

Date: December 30, 2010
Creator: Luckey, John R. & Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses constitutional and other legal issues related to the creation and implementation of location-based preferences in federal contracting, as well as summarizes key authorities requiring or allowing federal agencies to "favor" contractors located in specific places. The report does not address federal preferences for domestic products or provisions of federal law that could, depending upon their implementation, effectively prefer local contractors, such as project labor agreements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 30, 2010
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and presents potential issues for Congress concerning the Navy's ship force-structure goals and shipbuilding plans, particularly the planned size of the Navy, the rate of Navy ship procurement, and the prospective affordability of the Navy's shipbuilding plans. Decisions that Congress makes on Navy shipbuilding programs can substantially affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements, and the U.S. shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
States and Proposed Economic Recovery Plans

States and Proposed Economic Recovery Plans

Date: January 16, 2009
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines arguments presented by the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) and the National Governors Association (NGA) to include state fiscal assistance in an economic recovery plan, several arguments to exclude state assistance from such a plan, and the implications the proposals presented by NCSL and NGA might have for the economy. It also examines issues related to the targeting of state fiscal assistance and arguments for and against including infrastructure construction projects in an economic recovery plan, and presents key provisions in proposed economic recovery plans that directly affect state and local governments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trends in Discretionary Spending

Trends in Discretionary Spending

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses recent trends in discretionary spending. Topics examined include fiscal policy in the wake of the recession, discretionary spending limits reimposed in 2011, the FY2013 sequestration, long term trends, and security spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ebbs and Flows of Federal Debt

Ebbs and Flows of Federal Debt

Date: October 20, 2008
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report will define the measures of debt, discuss the mechanisms of how debt levels change, and use historical examples to illustrate the factors causing debt movements over the last seven decades. In addition, some policies which may affect the future budgetary outlook and the debt will be discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview of Health Care Changes in the FY2014 Budget Proposal Offered by House Budget Committee Chairman Ryan

Overview of Health Care Changes in the FY2014 Budget Proposal Offered by House Budget Committee Chairman Ryan

Date: March 22, 2013
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.; Mitchell, Alison & Fernandez, Bernadette
Description: This report summarizes the proposed changes to Medicare, Medicaid, and private health insurance as described in H.Con.Res. 25, the accompanying committee report, and Chairman Ryan's Path to Prosperity report. Additionally, it briefly examines the potential impact of the proposed changes on health care spending and coverage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation During the Recession

Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation During the Recession

Date: December 23, 2008
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: The report examines trends in employment and job loss since the start of the latest recession then focuses on job creation estimates associated with increased spending on infrastructure, placing a heavy emphasis on explaining the limitations with the methodology that is often utilized to develop the estimates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sequestration at the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA): Air Traffic Controller Furloughs and Congressional Response

Sequestration at the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA): Air Traffic Controller Furloughs and Congressional Response

Date: May 7, 2013
Creator: Elias, Bart; Brass, Clinton T. & Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of FAA's implementation of the sequester in April 2013, as it relates to air traffic control operations and staff furloughs. It then considers the congressional response, including the potential impact of the funds transfers authorized under P.L. 113-9 on FAA's Airport Improvement Program (AIP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 1, 2013
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and presents potential issues for Congress concerning the Navy's ship force-structure goals and shipbuilding plans. The planned size of the Navy, the rate of Navy ship procurement, and the prospective affordability of the Navy's shipbuilding plans have been matters of concern for the congressional defense committees for the past several years. Decisions that Congress makes on Navy shipbuilding programs can substantially affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements, and the U.S. shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations and Fund Transfers in the Affordable Care Act (ACA)

Appropriations and Fund Transfers in the Affordable Care Act (ACA)

Date: October 10, 2014
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: Implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Affordable Care Act, or ACA) is having a significant impact on federal mandatory — also known as direct — spending. Most of the projected spending under the law is for expanding health insurance coverage. This report summarizes all the mandatory appropriations and Medicare trust fund transfers in the ACA and provides details on the status of obligation of these funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture in the WTO: Limits on Domestic Support

Agriculture in the WTO: Limits on Domestic Support

Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the World Trade Organization's (WTO) commitments most relevant for U.S. domestic farm policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 23, 2013
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and presents potential issues for Congress concerning the Navy's ship force-structure goals and shipbuilding plans. The planned size of the Navy, the rate of Navy ship procurement, and the prospective affordability of the Navy's shipbuilding plans have been matters of concern for the congressional defense committees for the past several years. Decisions that Congress makes on Navy shipbuilding programs can substantially affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements, and the U.S. shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trends in Discretionary Spending

Trends in Discretionary Spending

Date: April 29, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses recent trends in discretionary spending. Topics examined include fiscal policy in the wake of the recession, discretionary spending limits reimposed in 2011, the FY2013 sequestration, long term trends, and security spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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